Effect of light colour on egg production and egg contamination

https://doi.org/10.17221/8597-CJASCitation:Svobodová J., Tůmová E., Popelářová E., Chodová D. (2015): Effect of light colour on egg production and egg contamination. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 60: 550-556.
download PDF
The objective of this study was to compare the performance of laying hens, quality of air in poultry house, and microbial contamination of eggshell in laying hens kept under blue, green, red, and yellow light colour in enriched cages. The daily photoperiod consisted of 15 h light, light intensity of 10 lx at bird head level. The laying performance characteristics (hen-day egg production, mortality, and egg weight) were not affected by light colour. Similarly, microbial contamination of the air was not significantly different related to the light colour. There were significant interactions in eggshell contamination between the position of the cage floor and light colour in Escherichia coli (P ≤ 0.042) and Enterococcus (P ≤ 0.019). The highest number of Escherichia coli was detected in eggs from hens housed on the middle floor given yellow light (6.06 log colony forming units (cfu)/eggshell) and the lowest values (3.30 log cfu/eggshell) on the upper floor also under yellow light colour. Similar results were observed in Enterococcus, where the highest contamination was on the middle floor under yellow light colour (5.26 log cfu/eggshell), while the lowest contamination (2.45 log cfu/eggshell) was found on the upper floor under blue colour. The results of our study indicate that the light colour has a minor effect on microbial contamination but the significant influence was in the floor position. The highest microbial egg contamination was found on eggs from the middle floor.
Board R.G., Tranter H.S. (1995): The microbiology of eggs. In: Stadelman W.J. and Cotterill O.J. (eds): Egg Science and Technology. Food Products Press, New York, USA, 81–103.
Borille R, Garcia RG, Royer AFB, Santana MR, Colet S, Naas IA, Caldara FR, Almeida Paz ICL, Rosa ES, Castilho VAR (2013): The use of light-emitting diodes (LED) in commercial layer production. Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola, 15, 135-140  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-635X2013000200009
Bowlby G. M. S. (1957): Some preliminary investigations into the effects of light on broilers. World's Poultry Science Journal, 13, 214-216  https://doi.org/10.1079/WPS19570025
Bowmaker J.K., Knowles Aubrey (1977): The visual pigments and oil droplets of the chicken retina. Vision Research, 17, 755-764  https://doi.org/10.1016/0042-6989(77)90117-1
Chavez C., Knape K., Coufal C., Carey J. (2002): Reduction of eggshell aerobic plate counts by ultraviolet irradiation. Poultry Science, 81, 1132-1135  https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/81.8.1132
Coufal C., Chavez C., Knape K., Carey J. (2003): Evaluation of a method of ultraviolet light sanitation of broiler hatching eggs. Poultry Science, 82, 754-759  https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/82.5.754
Dartnall H. J. A., Bowmaker J. K., Mollon J. D. (1983): Human Visual Pigments: Microspectrophotometric Results from the Eyes of Seven Persons. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 220, 115-130  https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1983.0091
Davies R.H., Breslin M. (2003): Investigation of Salmonella contamination and disinfection in farm egg-packing plants. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 94, 191-196  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2672.2003.01817.x
De Reu K., Grijspeerdt K., Heyndrickx M., Zoons J., De Baere D., Uyttendaele M., Debevere J., Herman L. (2005a): Bacterial eggshell contamination in conventional cages, furnished cages and aviary housing systems. British Poultry Science, 46, 149–155.
De Reu K., Grijspeerdt K., Heyndrickx M., Uyttendaele M., Herman L. (2005b): The use of total aerobic and Gram-negative flora for quality assurance in the production chain of consumption eggs. Food Control, 16, 147–155.
De Reu K., Messens W., Grijspeerdt K., Heyndrickx M., Rodenburg B., Uyttendaele M., Herman L. (2010): The influence of housing systems for laying hens on the microbiological egg quality. In: Proc. VIV Europe 2010, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 1–6.
H. H. Ellen , R. W. Bottcher , E. von Wachenfelt , H. Takai (2000): Dust Levels and Control Methods in Poultry Houses. Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health, 6, 275-282  https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.1910
Englmaierova M., Skrivan M., Bubancova I. (2013): A comparison of lutein, spray-dried Chlorella, and synthetic carotenoids effects on yolk colour, oxidative stability, and reproductive performance of laying hens. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 58, 412–419.
Englmaierova M., Tumova E., Charvatova V., Skrivan M. (2014): Effects of laying hens housing system on laying, egg quality characteristics, and egg microbial contamination. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 59, 345–352.
Er D., Wang Z., Cao J., Chen Y. (2007): Effect of Monochromatic Light on the Egg Quality of Laying Hens. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 16, 605-612  https://doi.org/10.3382/japr.2006-00096
Freitas H.J., Cotta J.T.B., Oliveira A.I., Murgas L.D.S., Gewehr C.E. (2010): Effects of different lighting programs in laying hens housed in free range. Revista Biotemas, 23, 157–162. (in Portuguese)
Guillam M.T., Claude C., Dewitte J.D., Michel V., Ségala C. (2007): Aérocontaminants et morbidité chez les éleveurs de volailles. Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l'Environnement, 68, 161-168  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1775-8785(07)88913-2
Harry E. G. (1963): The relationship between egg spoilage and the environment of the egg when laid. British Poultry Science, 4, 91-100  https://doi.org/10.1080/00071666308415485
Hartung J. (1994): The effect of airborne particulates on livestock health and production. In: Dewi I., Axford R.F.E., Fayez I.M.M., Omed H.M. (eds): Pollution in Livestock Production System. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, 55–69.
Hassan R. Md., Sultana S., Sung H.H., Saon R.K. (2013): Effect of monochromatic and combined light colour on performance, blood parameters, ovarian morphology and reproductive hormones in laying hens. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 12, 1–6.
Huber-Eicher B., Suter A., Spring-Stahli P. (2013): Effects of colored light-emitting diode illumination on behavior and performance of laying hens. Poultry Science, 92, 869-873  https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2012-02679
Huneau-Salaün A., Michel V., Huonnic D., Balaine L., Le Bouquin S. (2010): Factors influencing bacterial eggshell contamination in conventional cages, furnished cages and free-range systems for laying hens under commercial conditions. British Poultry Science, 51, 163-169  https://doi.org/10.1080/00071668.2010.482462
Keller L.H., Benson C.E., Krotec K., Eckroade R.J. (1995): Salmonella enteritidis colonization of the reproductive tract and forming and freshly laid egg of chickens. Infection and Immunity, 63, 2443–2449.
Lewis P. D., Morris T. R. (2000): Poultry and coloured light. World's Poultry Science Journal, 56, 189-207  https://doi.org/10.1079/WPS20000015
Min J. Kim, Hossan Md. Salim, Nazma Akter, Jae C. Na, Han T. Bang, Hwan K. Kang, Dong W. Kim, Hyun S. Chae, Hee C. Choi, Ok S. Suh (2012): Effect of monochromatic light on sexual maturity, production performance and egg quality of laying hens. Avian Biology Research, 5, 69-74  https://doi.org/10.3184/175815512X13350270679453
Miyamoto T., Baba E., Tanaka T., Sasai K., Fukata T., Arakawa A. (1997): Salmonella enteretidis contamination of eggs from hens inoculated by vaginal, cloacal and intravenous routes. Avian Diseases, 34, 463–465.
Mohammed H.H., Grashorn M.A., Bessei W. (2010): The effects of lighting conditions on the behaviour of laying hens. Archiv für Geflügelkunde, 74, 197–202.
Nicholls T.J., Goldsmith A.R., Dawson A. (1988): Photorefractoriness in birds and comparison with mammals. Physiological Reviews, 68, 133–176.
Prayitno D., Phillips C., Omed H. (1997): The effects of color of lighting on the behavior and production of meat chickens. Poultry Science, 76, 452-457  https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/76.3.452
PRESCOTT N.B., WATHES C.M. (): Spectral sensitivity of the domestic fowl (Gallus g. domesticus ). British Poultry Science, 40, 332-339  https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669987412
Protais J., Queguiner S., Boscher E., Piquet J.C., Nagard B., Salvat G. (2003): Effect of housing system on the bacterial flora in the air and on egg shells. In: Proc. 10th European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products, Saint-Brieuc, France, 142–149.
PYRZAK R., SIOPES T. D. (1986): The Effect of Light Color on Egg Quality of Turkey Hens in Cages. Poultry Science, 65, 1262-1267  https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0651262
Pyrzak R., Snapir N., Goodman G., Perek M. (1987): The effect of light wavelength on the production and quality of eggs of the domestic hen. Theriogenology, 28, 947-960  https://doi.org/10.1016/0093-691X(87)90045-8
Quarles C. L., Gentry R. F., Bressler G. O. (1970): Bacterial Contamination in Poultry Houses and its Relationship to Egg Hatchability. Poultry Science, 49, 60-66  https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0490060
Radon K (): Exposure assessment and lung function in pig and poultry farmers. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 58, 405-410  https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.58.6.405
Ricke S.C., Birkhold S.G., Gast R.K. (2001): Eggs and egg products. In: Downes F.P. and Ito K. (eds): Compendium of Methods for the Microbiological Examination of Foods. American Public Health Association, Washington, USA, 473–479.
Rozenboim I., Zilberman E., Gvaryahu G. (1998): New monochromatic light source for laying hens. Poultry Science, 77, 1695-1698  https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/77.11.1695
Savory C.J., Mann J.S. (1999): Feather pecking in groups of growing bantams in relation to floor substrate and plumage colour. British Poultry Science, 40, 565-572  https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669986918
Schumaier G., Harrison P. C., McGinnis J. (1968): Effect of Colored Fluorescent Light on Growth, Cannibalism, and Subsequent Egg Production of Single Comb White Leghorn Pullets. Poultry Science, 47, 1599-1602  https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0471599
Solangi A.H., Rind M.I., Solangi A.A., Shahani N.A., Rind A.N., Solangi S.H. (2004): Influence of lighting on production and agonistic behaviour of broiler. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 3, 285–288.
Takai H., Pedersen S., Johnsen J.O., Metz J.H.M., Groot Koerkamp P.W.G., Uenk G.H., Phillips V.R., Holden M.R., Sneath R.W., Short J.L., White R.P., Hartung J., Seedorf J., Schröder M., Linkert K.H., Wathes C.M. (1998): Concentrations and Emissions of Airborne Dust in Livestock Buildings in Northern Europe. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 70, 59-77  https://doi.org/10.1006/jaer.1997.0280
Wathes C.M. (1994): Air and surface hygiene. In: Wathes C.M. and Charles D.R. (eds): Livestock Housing. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, 123–148.
Woodard A. E., Moore J. A., Wilson W. O. (1969): Effect of Wave Length of Light on Growth and Reproduction in Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Poultry Science, 48, 118-123  https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0480118
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti