Effect of process parameters on slowly digestible and resistant starch content in extrudates
P. Smrčková, M. Saglamtas, T. Hofmanová, J. Koláček, D. Chena, E. Šárkahttps://doi.org/10.17221/162/2014-CJFSCitation:Smrčková P., Saglamtas M., Hofmanová T., Koláček J., Chena D., Šárka E. (2014): Effect of process parameters on slowly digestible and resistant starch content in extrudates. Czech J. Food Sci., 32: 503-508.
A laboratory single-screw Kompaktextruder KE 19/25 was used at speeds 120–140 rpm of the screw with either a 2 : 1 or 3 : 1 compression ratio; the head had a 3 or 4 mm die. The temperature of the head was set at 131–144°C. The applied raw materials were maize grits, and mixtures with wheat starch, pea flour or chemically modified starch. Input mixtures differed in water addition (50 or 100 g water/kg). The highest amount of resistant starch (3.1% per total starch) in extrudate was found for mixture of pea flour and maize grits (with addition of 100 g water/kg of dry mixture), the output(extrudate)/input(mixture) ratio of the resistant starch was 45.8%. The highest SDS content was obtained for the maize grits and addition of 100 g water/kg using a die with a 3 mm diameter and a screw with a 3 : 1 compression ratio; the temperature of the head was approximately 140°C. Transportation rates: screw 140 rpm, dosing 15 rpm.Keywords:
extrusion cooking; legumes; starch digestibility; distarch phosphate