This paper analyses the properties of electrode methods and contactless inductive methods of the conductivity measurement of biological tissue, which are one of the few which are able to measure the potentials of corresponding components of complex conductivity, i.e. the real reactive conductivity of a resistive and an imaginary component. The analysis was performed by computer modelling and experimental measurements. The publication describes the modelling of currents and of the potential by electrode and methods on tissue phantoms using the finite element method. The Comsol Multiphysics v3.4 program was used for the calculations. The results are presented in 2D and 3D diagrams. Experimental measurements with electrodes in phantom tissues with different conductivity were also conducted and the components of the complex conductivity were evaluated with an RLC Bridge and most accurately by using a lock-in amplifier. Results and experience from the experiments will make it possible to proceed with the next phase of research focused on measuring conductivity and dielectric properties in different types of meat.
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