Ability of phenolic acids to protect naturally present alfa-tocopherol during the heating of plant oils
Réblová Z., Fišnar J., Tichovská D., Doležal M., Joudalová K.:https://doi.org/10.17221/174/2011-CJFSCitation:Réblová Z., Fišnar J., Tichovská D., Doležal M., Joudalová K.: (2012): Ability of phenolic acids to protect naturally present alfa-tocopherol during the heating of plant oils . Czech J. Food Sci., 30: 351-357.
The ability of phenolic acids (ferulic, gallic, protocatechuic, and sinapic; 600 mg/kg) to protect naturally present a-tocopherol was tested during the heating of sunflower oil on a hot plate set at 120, 150, 180, 210, or 240°C, and during the heating of rapeseed, olive and soybean oils on a hot plate set at 180°C. In all the studied conditions, a-tocopherol was significantly protected only by gallic acid. This phenolic acid prolonged the half-life of a-tocopherol (calculated as the time needed for the a-tocopherol content to decrease to 50% of the original value) typically two- to four-fold. Hence the ability of phenolic acids to protect a-tocopherol in bulk oils does not markedly depend on the experimental conditions as is seen in antioxidant activity, i.e. in the ability of antioxidants to protect fatty acids.Keywords:
vitamin E; lipid oxidantion; antioxidants; frying