Fatty acids, tocopherol, and sterol contents of some Nigella species seed oil
B. Matthaus, M.M. Özcanhttps://doi.org/10.17221/206/2008-CJFSCitation:Matthaus B., Özcan M.M. (2011): Fatty acids, tocopherol, and sterol contents of some Nigella species seed oil. Czech J. Food Sci., 29: 145-150.
The lipid compositions of the seed oils of some Nigella species were investigated. The total oil content of the seeds ranged from 28.0 to 36.4%. GC-MS fatty acid compositional analysis of the Nigella seed oils revealed the content of linoleic acid to be the highest (40.3–58.9%). Other prominent fatty acids were as follows: oleic (18.7–28.1%), palmitic (10.1–12.5%), 22:1 D11 (3.2–3.8%) and stearic (2.6–3.1%) acids. All the Nigella seed oils analysed exhibited differences in their tocopherol contents and the differences were estimated. The oils extracted from the seeds contained between 1.70–4.12 mg/100 g α-T, 0.97–4.51 mg/100 g γ-T, and 4.90–17.91 mg/100 g β-T3. The total tocopherol content in seeds varied between 9.15 mg/100 g to 24.65 mg/100 g. The compositions of the sterol fractions were determined by gas liquid chromatography. The total amounts of sterols ranged between 1993.07 mg/kg to 2182.17 mg/kg. The main component was β-sitosterol (48.35–51.92%), followed by 5-avenasterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol.Keywords:
black cumin; seed oil; Nigella spp.; fatty acids; tocopherol; sterols