Application of wheat B-starch in biodegradable plastic materials
E. Šárka, Z. Kruliš, J. Kotek, L. Růžek, A. Korbářová, Z. Bubník, M. Růžkováhttps://doi.org/10.17221/292/2010-CJFSCitation:Šárka E., Kruliš Z., Kotek J., Růžek L., Korbářová A., Bubník Z., Růžková M. (2011): Application of wheat B-starch in biodegradable plastic materials. Czech J. Food Sci., 29: 232-242.
Food application of wheat B-starch comprising small starch granules as a result of lower quality is problematic. Accordingly, B-starch or acetylated starch prepared from it, with the degree of substitution (DS) of 1.5–2.3, was used in biodegradable films after blending with poly-(ε-caprolactone) (PCL). The following mechanical characteristics of the produced films were derived from the stress-strain curves: Young modulus, yield stress, stress-at-break, and strain-at-break. Water absorption of PCL/starch (60/40) films was determined according to European standard ISO 62. The measured data were compared with those of commercial A-starch. The films containing native starch degraded in compost totally during 2 months. Acetylation of starch molecules in the composites reduced the degradation rate. Optical microscopy, in combination with the image analysis system NIS-Elements vs. 2.10 completed with an Extended Depth of Focus (EDF) module, was used to study the surface morphology of PCL/starch films after 20-day and 42-day compost incubation. Chemical changes in the compost used for the film exposition were measured.Keywords:
biodegradable plastic; polycaprolactone; B-starch; wheat starch; image analysis; biodegradability