The impact of moist corn grain preservation on the ethanol yield by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation, and on volatile by-products

https://doi.org/10.17221/415/2013-CJFSCitation:Nowak J., Szambelan K., Nowak W. (2014): The impact of moist corn grain preservation on the ethanol yield by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation, and on volatile by-products. Czech J. Food Sci., 32: 485-492.
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We assessed the composition of volatile by-products in raw spirits obtained from moist corn fermentation. The average moisture value of the researched samples was 35.4%. A comparative research was conducted applying simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The analysis characterised corn grains after three and six months of storage in aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The yield of ethanol fermentation was 42.43 and 39.12 l/100 kg dry matter after three and six months of storage, respectively. The storage of moist grain resulted in the reduction of higher alcohols content in the raw spirits. It was observed that the esters concentration decreased after three, but increased after six months of raw material storage. A significant increase occurred in the quantity of aldehydes detected only after three months of the corn storage. The results show that the application of SSF technology to moist corn, allows the production of bioethanol with quality comparable to that obtained with dried grain.  
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