ESBL-producing bacteria and MRSA isolated from poultry and turkey products imported from Italy C., Reich F., Muscolino D., Giarratana F., Panebianco A., Klein G., Atanassova V. (2015): ESBL-producing bacteria and MRSA isolated from poultry and turkey products imported from Italy. Czech J. Food Sci., 33: 97-102.
download PDF
ESBL and MRSA-producing bacteria in food-producing animals may contribute to increased incidences of infection in humans. This study was carried out on 38 samples obtained from 32 chickens and 6 turkey products purchased at retail outlets of Hannover (Germany) and imported from Italy. The samples included the thigh, breast fillet, gizzard, sausage, liver, heart, and roll, and were processed for the detection of ESBL producing E. coli and MRSA producing Staphylococcus aureus. Twenty-six chicken products (68.4%) of the total of poultry products analysed proved to be positive for E. coli and for phenotypical detection of ESBL. Six turkey products (100%) were positive for ESBL producing E. coli. Staphylococcus aureus was found in 4 chicken products (10.52%) that resulted positive in the detection of MRSA. Serratia spp. were reported in 4 samples that were also positive for ESBL. Thirty-three E. coli isolates from the poultry and turkey products were all resistant to at least one or more of the compounds tested. The highest resistance levels were observed, notably, against ampicillin and cefotaxim.
Biohaz: Assessment of the public health significance of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in animals and foods. Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Biological Hazards. EFSA Journal, 2009, 993: 1–73. Available at
Bortolaia V., Larsen J., Damborg P., Guardabassi L. (): Potential Pathogenicity and Host Range of Extended-Spectrum  -Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli Isolates from Healthy Poultry. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 77, 5830-5833
Cantón R., Novais A., Valverde A., Machado E., Peixe L., Baquero F., Coque T.M. (2008): Prevalence and spread of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Europe. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 14, 144-153
Cohen Stuart James, van den Munckhof Thijs, Voets Guido, Scharringa Jelle, Fluit Ad, Hall Maurine Leverstein-Van (2012): Comparison of ESBL contamination in organic and conventional retail chicken meat. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 154, 212-214
Coque T.M., Baquero F., Canton R. (2008): Increasing prevalence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Europe. Euro Surveillance, 13(47), pii=19044. Available at
Costa Daniela, Vinué Laura, Poeta Patricia, Coelho Ana Cláudia, Matos Manuela, Sáenz Yolanda, Somalo Sergio, Zarazaga Myriam, Rodrigues Jorge, Torres Carmen (2009): Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli isolates in faecal samples of broilers. Veterinary Microbiology, 138, 339-344
Crago B., Ferrato C., Drews S.J., Svenson L.W., Tyrrell G., Louie M. (2012): Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in food samples associated with foodborne illness in Alberta, Canada from 2007 to 2010. Food Microbiology, 32, 202-205
Devriese L.A., Hommez J. (1975): Epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in dairy herds. Research in Veterinary Science, 19: 23–27.
Doyle E.M., Hartmann F.A., Lee Wong A.C. (2011): White paper on sources of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and other Methicillin-resistant Staphylococci: Implications for our food supply? Fri Food Safety Reviews. UW–Madison, Food Research Institute
Faccioli-Martins P.Y., de Lourdes Ribeiro de Souza da Cunha M. (2012): MRSA epidemiology in animals. Epidemiological Insight, 5: 79–94.
Fessler A.T., Kadlec K., Hassel M., Hauschild T., Eidam C., Ehricht R., Monecke S., Schwarz S. ( 2011): Characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from food and food products of poultry origin in Germany. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 77: 7151–7157.
Friese A., Schulz J., Laube H., von Salviati C., Hartung J., Roesler U. (2013): Faecal occurrence and emissions of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (laMRSA) and ESBL/AmpC-producing E. coli from animal farms in Germany. Berliner und Münchener tierärztliche Wochenschrift, 126: 175–180.
Gregova G., Kmetova M., Kmet V., Venglovsky J., Feher A. (2012): Antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli isolated from a poultry slaughterhouse. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 19: 75–77.
Hanson B.M., Dressler A.E., Harper A.L., Scheibel R.P., Wardyn S.E., Roberts L.K., Kroeger J.S., Smith T.C. (2011): Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on retail meat in Iowa. Journal of Infection and Public Health, 4, 169-174
Köck R., Becker K., Cookson B., van Gemert-Pijnen J.E., Harbarth S., Kluytmans J., Mielke M., Peters G., Skov R.L., Struelens M.J., Tacconelli E., Navarro A., Torné Witte W., Friedrich A.W. (2010): Methicillin resistant Staphilococcus aureus (MRSA): burden of disease and control challenges in Europe. Euro Surveillance, 15 (41): pii=19688. Available at
Kola A., Kohler C., Pfeifer Y., Schwab F., Kuhn K., Schulz K., Balau V., Breitbach K., Bast A., Witte W., Gastmeier P., Steinmetz I. (): High prevalence of extended-spectrum- -lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in organic and conventional retail chicken meat, Germany. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 67, 2631-2634
Leverstein-van Hall M.A., Dierikx C.M., Stuart J. Cohen, Voets G.M., van den Munckhof M.P., van Essen-Zandbergen A., Platteel T., Fluit A.C., van de Sande-Bruinsma N., Scharinga J., Bonten M.J.M., Mevius D.J. (2011): Dutch patients, retail chicken meat and poultry share the same ESBL genes, plasmids and strains. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 17, 873-880
Overdevest Ilse (2011): Extended-Spectrum B-Lactamase Genes of Escherichia coli in Chicken Meat and Humans, the Netherlands. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 17, 1216-1222
Pantosti Annalisa (2012): Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Associated with Animals and Its Relevance to Human Health. Frontiers in Microbiology, 3, -
Pitout Johann D.D. (2010): Infections with Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae. Drugs, 70, 313-333
Randall L. P., Clouting C., Horton R. A., Coldham N. G., Wu G., Clifton-Hadley F. A., Davies R. H., Teale C. J. (): Prevalence of Escherichia coli carrying extended-spectrum  -lactamases (CTX-M and TEM-52) from broiler chickens and turkeys in Great Britain between 2006 and 2009. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 66, 86-95
Schwaiger Karin, Huther Sabine, Hölzel Christina, Kämpf Peter, Bauer Johann (2012): Prevalence of antibiotic-resistant enterobacteriaceae isolated from chicken and pork meat purchased at the slaughterhouse and at retail in Bavaria, Germany. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 154, 206-211
Smet Annemieke, Martel An, Persoons Davy, Dewulf Jeroen, Heyndrickx Marc, Herman Lieve, Haesebrouck Freddy, Butaye Patrick (2010): Broad-spectrum β-lactamases among Enterobacteriaceae of animal origin: molecular aspects, mobility and impact on public health. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 34, 295-316
Warren R. E., Ensor V. M., O'Neill P., Butler V., Taylor J., Nye K., Harvey M., Livermore D. M., Woodford N., Hawkey P. M. (2008): Imported chicken meat as a potential source of quinolone-resistant Escherichia coli producing extended-spectrum  -lactamases in the UK. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 61, 504-508
Waters A. E., Contente-Cuomo T., Buchhagen J., Liu C. M., Watson L., Pearce K., Foster J. T., Bowers J., Driebe E. M., Engelthaler D. M., Keim P. S., Price L. B. (): Multidrug-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in US Meat and Poultry. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 52, 1227-1230 [European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing. EUCAST disk diffusion].
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti