Cultivar influence on total polyphenol and rutin contents and total antioxidant capacity in buckwheat, amaranth, and quinoa seeds

https://doi.org/10.17221/452/2012-CJFSCitation:Vollmannová A., Margitanová E., Tóth T., Timoracká M., Urminská D., Bojňanská T., Čičová I. (2013): Cultivar influence on total polyphenol and rutin contents and total antioxidant capacity in buckwheat, amaranth, and quinoa seeds. Czech J. Food Sci., 31: 589-595.
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Five cultivars from each of the three types of pseudocereals, i.e. buckwheat, amaranth, and quinoa, were studied for total polyphenol and rutin contents as well as total antioxidant capacity of seeds. A spectrophotometric method was used for the determination of total polyphenol content (using the Folin-Ciocalteau reagent) and total antioxidant capacity (using DPPH). Rutin content in pseudocereal seeds was determined by HPLC. The determined total polyphenol content in seeds of buckwheat, amaranth, and quinoa cultivars was in the intervals of 15 874–71 359 mg/kg DM, 1381–2870 mg/kg DM, and 459–1839 mg/kg DM, respectively. Rutin content in buckwheat, amaranth, and quinoa seeds was in the intervals of 8722–17 125 mg/kg DM, 310–508 mg/kg DM, and 170–368 mg/kg DM,respectively. The presented results confirmed a statistically significant influence of cultivar on total polyphenol and rutin contents as well as on total antioxidant capacity of pseudocereal seeds.
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