Determination of fluoride in plant material using microwave induced oxygen combustion
E. Šucman, J. Bednářhttps://doi.org/10.17221/480/2011-CJFSCitation:Šucman E., Bednář J. (2012): Determination of fluoride in plant material using microwave induced oxygen combustion. Czech J. Food Sci., 30: 438-441.
Fluorine is essential in human and/or animal nutrition, thus it is important to know its concentration in a diet. One of the important sources of fluorine for humans is tea, containing relatively high amounts of this trace element. A method for fluoride determination in various kinds of tea using microwave supported sample preparation in a high pressure oxygen atmosphere followed by potentiometry with a fluoride ion-selective electrode were described. The parameters of the microwave device for such combustion procedure were checked and optimised in order to find settings ensuring complete sample combustion and/or absorption of the analyte in the absorption solution. For the ion-selective electrode measurement, the technique of standard addition was chosen. The Nernstian slope of the fluoride ion-selective electrode was measured and calculated in the concentration range in which the potential of samples occurred. Concentrations of fluorides in tea in the range from 24.5 mg/kg to 254.5 mg/kg were found. In order to check the accuracy of the method certified reference materials were used. The precision expressed as the relative standard deviation ranged from 3.7% to 15.9%. The method is fast, accurate and reliable for this kind of analysis.Keywords:
ion-selective electrode; sample preparation; tea