The application of NIR spectroscopy in moisture determining of vegetable seeds J., Gozdecka G., Poćwiardowski W. (2020): The application of NIR spectroscopy in moisture determining of vegetable seeds. Czech J. Food Sci., 38: 131-136.
download PDF

The aim of the study was to elaborate a universal calibration for the near infrared (NIR) spectrophotometer to determine the moisture of various kinds of vegetable seeds. The research was conducted on the seeds of 5 types of vegetables – carrot, parsley, lettuce, radish and beetroot. For the spectra correlation with moisture values, the method of partial least squares regression (PLS) was used. The resulting qualitative indicators of a calibration model (R = 0.9968, Q = 0.8904) confirmed an excellent fit of the obtained calibration to the experimental data. As a result of the study, the possibilities of creating a calibration model for NIR spectrophotometer for non-destructive moisture analysis of various kinds of vegetable seeds was confirmed.

Baianu I., Guo J., Nelson R., You T., Costescu D. (2011): NIR calibrations for soybean seeds and soy food composition analysis: Total carbohydrates, oil, proteins and water contents. Nature Precedings: 1–40.
Bewley J.D., Black M. (1994): Seeds: Physiology of Development and Germination. 2nd Ed. Springer Science+Business Media, New York, USA: 377–420.
Bochenek A., Górecki R., Grzesiuk S. (2000): Overall biological properties of seeds. In: Duczmal K., Tucholska H. (eds): Nasiennictwo. Powszechne Wydawnictwo Rolnicze i Leśne (PWRiL), Poland: 116–170. (in Polish)
Bonner F.T., Hooda M.S., Singht D.P. (1992): Moisture determination of seeds honeylocust and mimosa. Tree Plants’ Notes, 43: 72–75.
Büning-Pfaue H. (2003): Analysis of water in food by near infrared spectroscopy. Food Chemistry, 82: 107–115.
Collell C., Gou P., Anrau J., Muñoz I., Comaposada J. (2012): NIR technology for on-line determination of superficial aw and moisture content during the drying process of fermented sausages. Food Chemistry, 135: 1750–1755.
Cornish K., Myers M.D., Kelley S.S. (2004): Latex quantification in homogenate and purified latex samples from various plant species using near infrared spectroscopy. Industrial Crops and Products, 19: 283–296.
Csorba V., Fodor M., Kovács S., Tóth M. (2019): Potential of fourier transformed near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy for rapid analysis of elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) fruits. Czech Journal of Food Sciences, 37: 21–28.
Doll N., Lehwald L. (2009): Creation of a calibration for the determination of the active ingredient content of tablets by NIR-Spectroscopy. Büchi Information Bulletin, 53: 2–4.
Domoradzki M., Korpal W., Weiner W. (2005): Evaluation of seed size distribution on laboratory screens. Inżynieria Rolnicza, 11: 87–94.
Elfadl E., Reinbrechta C., Claupein W. (2010): Development of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) calibration model for estimation of oil content in a worldwide safflower germplasm collection. International Journal of Plant Production, 4: 259–270.
Fassio A., Cozzolino D. (2004): Non-destructive prediction of chemical composition in sunflower seeds by near infrared spectroscopy. Industrial Crops and Products, 20: 321–329.
Font R., del Río-Celestino M., de Haro-Bailón A. (2007): Near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Methodology and potential for predicting trace elements in plants. In: Wiley N. (ed.): Phytoremediation. Methods in Biotechnology. Humana Press, Totowa, USA: 23: 205–217.
Gergely S., Salgó A. (2003): Changes in moisture content during wheat maturation: What is measured by near infrared spectroscopy? Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy, 11: 17–26.
Gozdecka G., Gęsiński K. (2011): Characteristics of quinoa seed weight after harvest. Inżynieria i Aparatura Chemiczna, 3: 27–28. (in Polish)
Hart J. R., Norris K. H., Golumbic C. (1962): Determination of the moisture content of seeds by near-infrared spectrophotometry of their methanol extracts. Cereal Chemistry, 39: 94–99.
Huang Z., Sha S., Rong Z., Chen J., He Q., Khan D.M., Zhu S. (2013): Feasibility study of near infrared spectroscopy with variable selection for non-destructive determination of quality parameters in shell-intact cottonseed. Industrial Crops and Products, 43: 654–660.
ISTA (International Seed Testing Association) (2006): International Rules for Seed Testing – Polish Edition. IHAR – PIB, i: 5–56.
Jin S., Chen H. (2007): Near-infrared analysis of chemical composition of rice straw. Industrial Crops and Products, 26: 207–211.
Kaleta A., Górnicki K. (2008): Safe grain storage – The study of the issue. Inżynieria Rolnicza, 1: 137–144. (in Polish)
Kaniewska J., Żórawski D., Domoradzki M. (2013): Resistance of air flow through the bed of carrot seeds in the vibrating drier. Inżynieria Rolnicza, 3: 113–122. (in Polish)
Lazzari F.A. (1994): Comparison of methods for moisture content determination on soybeans. Proceedings of the 6th International Working Conference on Stored-product Protection, Canberra, Australia. 17–23 April 1994, 2: 701–703.
Lestander T. A., Geladi P. (2003): NIR spectroscopic measurement of moisture content in Scots pine seeds. Analyst, 128: 389–396.
Makarski P. (2008): Using virtual instruments in seeds humidity measurements. Inżynieria Rolnicza, 11: 179–184. (in Polish)
Montes J.M., Technow F., Bohlinger B., Becker K. (2013): Grain quality determination by means of near infrared spectroscopy in Jatropha curcas L. Industrial Crops and Products, 43: 301–305.
Nicolaï B.M., Beullens K., Bobelyn E., Peirs A., Saeys W., Theron K.I., Lammertynet J. (2007): Nondestructive measurement of fruit and vegetable quality by means of NIR spectroscopy: A review. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 46: 99–118.
Norris K.H., Hart J.R. (1965): Direct spectrophotometric determination of moisture content of grain and seeds. In: Principles and Methods of Measuring Moisture in Liquids and Solids, Reinhold, New York, 4: 19–25.
Osborne B.G., Hindle P.T., Fearn T. (1993): Practical NIR spectroscopy with applications in food and beverage analysis. 2nd Ed. Harlow UK Addison-Wesley Longman Ltd., Harlow, United Kingdom: 190–193.
Plans M., Simó J., Casañas F., Sabaté J., Rodriguez-Saona L. (2013): Characterization of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by infrared spectroscopy: Comparison of MIR, FT-NIR and dispersive NIR using portable and benchtop instruments. Food Research International, 54: 1643–1651.
Rahman A., Cho B.K. (2016): Assessment of seed quality using non-destructive measurement techniques: A review. Seed Science Research, 26: 285–305.
Ribeiro L.F., Peralta-Zamora P.G., Maia B.H.L.N.S., Ramos L.P., Pereira-Netto A.B. (2012): Prediction of linolenic and linoleic fatty acids content in flax seeds and flax seeds flours through the use of infrared reflectance spectroscopy and multivariate calibration. Food Research International, 51: 848–854.
Robertson J. A., Barton F. E. (1984): Oil and water analysis of sunflower seed by near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, 61: 543–547.
Siger A., Świecki K., Czubiński J. (2010): On-line analytical techniques in the food production proces. Przemysł Spożywczy, 2: 12–18. (in Polish)
Sinelli N., Casiraghi E., Barzaghi S., Brambilla A., Giovanelli G. (2011): Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as a tool for monitoring blueberry osmo-air dehydratation process. Food Research International, 44: 1427–1433.
Stanimirova I., Daszkowski M., Walczak B. (2008): Supervised learning methods – calibration, discrimination and classification. In: Zuba D., Parczewski A. (eds): Chemometry in Analytics. Selected Issues. IES, Kraków, Poland: 1–60. (in Polish)
Sivritepe N., Sivritepe H.Ö., Türkben C. (2008): Determination of moisture content in grape seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 36: 198–200.
Strelec I., Popović R., Ivanišić I., Jurković V., Jurković Z., Ugarčić-Hardi Ž., Sabo M. (2010): Influence of temperature and relative humidity on grain moisture, germination and vigour of three wheat cultivars during one year storage. Poljoprivreda, 16: 20–24.
Taylor A.G. (1997): Seed storage, germination and quality. In: Wien H.C. (ed.): The Physiology of Vegetable Crops. CAB International, United Kingdom: 1–36.
Tomkiewicz D. (2009): Construction and operation of corn seed humidity sensor using near-infrared radiation. Inżynieria Rolnicza, 6: 309–314. (in Polish)
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences