Content of phenolic acids in rye caryopses determined using DAD-HPLC method
R. Amarowicz, S. Weidnerhttps://doi.org/10.17221/6608-CJFSCitation:Amarowicz R., Weidner S. (2001): Content of phenolic acids in rye caryopses determined using DAD-HPLC method. Czech J. Food Sci., 19: 201-205.
Phenolic compounds were extracted from rye caryopses with 80% (v/v) methanol. Phenolic acids were determined as free compounds and those liberated from soluble esters and glycosides. The analyses were performed using a Waters HPLC system equipped with a diode array detector (DAD). The following free phenolic acids were found: p-coumaric, ferulic and sinapic; the phenolic acids liberated from soluble esters were as follows: vanillic, caffeic, p-coumaric, ferulic and sinapic; and those liberated from soluble glycosides were the following: vanillic, p-coumaric, ferulic and sinapic. In rye caryopses, phenolic acids were chiefly in the form of soluble esters. A diode array detector was especially useful for the determination of vanillic acid: the UV spectrum of this compound showed a maximum at 260 nm whereas UV spectra of other phenolic acids were characterised by maxima at longer wavelengths.Keywords:
phenolic acids; rye; HPLC; diode array detector (DAD)