Potential application of oilseeds as sources of antioxidants for food lipids – a review
Š. Schmidt, J. Pokornýhttps://doi.org/10.17221/3377-CJFSCitation:Schmidt Š., Pokorný J. (2005): Potential application of oilseeds as sources of antioxidants for food lipids – a review. Czech J. Food Sci., 23: 93-102.
Oilseeds and other sources of edible oils contain both less polar antioxidants soluble in the oil phase, and more polar antioxidants, better soluble in the aqueous phase. Oilseeds which are consumed directly as such or after roasting may be added to foods in order to increase their stability against oxidation. The liposoluble antioxidants are extracted in crude oil during oilseed processing, and they are partially recovered in deodorisation sludges. More polar antioxidants remain in expeller cakes or extracted meal, which may be also used as food additives to increase the oxidative stability of foods. Oilseed meal extracted with hydrocarbons may be subsequently extracted with more polar organic solvents to obtain concentrates of phenolic substances, mainly phenolic acids, lignans or flavonoids. These are more active antioxidants, but also more expensive. Pure isolated antioxidants from oilseeds should be tested for their safety. In comparison with synthetic antioxidants, natural antioxidants from oilseeds have several advantages, but also disadvantages. The application should be considered from several aspects, such as antioxidant activity, safety, availability, effect on sensory value, and price.Keywords:
antioxidants; application in foods; edible oils; extracted oilseed meals; oilseeds; oxidation