Biosynthesis of food constituents: Vitamins. 2. Water-soluble vitamins: Part 2 − a review
J. Velíšek, K. Cejpekhttps://doi.org/10.17221/744-CJFSCitation:Velíšek J., Cejpek K. (2007): Biosynthesis of food constituents: Vitamins. 2. Water-soluble vitamins: Part 2 − a review. Czech J. Food Sci., 25: 101-118.
This review article gives a survey of the biosynthetic pathways that lead to water-soluble vitamins in microorganisms, plants and some animals. The biosynthetic pathways leading to some the B-group vitamins (biotin, folacin, cobalamins) and to vitamin C are described in detail using reaction schemes and mechanisms with enzymes involved and detailed explanations based on chemical principles and mechanisms.Keywords:biosynthesis; B-group vitamins; biotin; folates; folic acid; cobalamins; vitamin B12; vitamin C; L-ascorbic acid; D-erythro-ascorbic acid