Phenotypic traits for wild red clover seed yield under drought conditions

Petrauskas G., Norkevičienė E., Stukonis V., Kemešytė V. (2020): Phenotypic traits for wild red clover seed yield under drought conditions. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed., 56: 140−149.

download PDF

Changes in the gene pool and homogeneity of red clover cultivars occur over time. Therefore, it is necessary to constantly renew the breeding material and foundation seed. Moreover, the market also prescribes a new demand. Based on the Natura 2000 habitats profile, we collected seeds from 39 locations across Lithuania in 2016. The phenotypic traits that affect the seed yield of red clover were analysed in 2018. The homogeneity of the populations with reference to the seed yield and 1 000 seed weight (TSW) were determined as well. Also, the possibility of obtaining two seed yields per season under drought conditions from wild genotypes of red clover was analysed. We found that the final seed yield mostly depends on the seed number per flower head (SN/FH), which strongly correlated with 1st component of PCA during first (r = 0.91) and second (0.92) harvest. Meanwhile, the cluster analysis showed that the typical wild red clover has a lower seed weight than the cultivars and could be clustered on the basis of seed homogeneity. Finally, based on the seed phenotype and harvest components, there were five prospective accessions (2177, 2871, 2876, 2898 and 2899) for a new cultivar prototype.

Amdahl H., Aamlid T.S., Ergon Å., Kovi M.R., Marum P., Alsheikh M., Rognli O.A. (2016): Seed yield of Norwegian and Swedish tetraploid red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) populations. Crop Science, 56: 603–612.
Amdahl H., Aamlid T.S., Marum P., Ergon Å., Alsheikh M., Rognli O.A. (2017): Seed yield components in single plants of diverse Scandinavian tetraploid red clover populations (Trifolium pratense L.). Crop Science, 57: 108–117.
Annicchiarico P., Barrett B., Brummer E.C., Julier B., Marshall H.A. (2015): Achievements and challenges in improving temperate perennial forage legumes. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 34: 327–380.
Bender A. (1999): An impact of morphological and physiological transformations of red clover flowers accompanying polyploidization on the pollinators working speed and value as a guarantee for cross pollination. Agraarteadus, 4: 24–37.
Bhattacharya A. (2019): Water-use efficiency under changing climatic conditions. Chapter 3. In: Bhattacharya A. (ed.): Changing Climate and Resource Use Efficiency in Plants. Delhi, Academic Press: 111–180.
Boelt B., Julier B., Karagic D., Hampton J. (2015): Legume seed production meeting market requirements and economic impacts. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 34: 412–427.
Boller B., Schubiger F.X., Kölliker R. (2010): Red clover. In: Boller B. (ed.): Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses. Handbook of Plant Breeding. New York, Springer: 439–455.
Bowley S.R., Taylor N.L., Dougherty C.T. (1984): Physiology and morphology of red clover. Advances in Agronomy, 37: 317–347.
Butkutė B., Padarauskas A., Cesevičienė J., Taujenis L., Norkevičienė E. (2018): Phytochemical composition of temperate perennial legumes. Crop and Pasture Science, 69: 1020–1030.
Butkutė B., Taujenis L., Norkevičienė E. (2019): Small-seeded legumes as a novel food source. Variation of nutritional, mineral and phytochemical profiles in the chain: raw seeds-sprouted seeds-microgreens. Molecules, 24: 133.
Dewhurst J.R., Delaby L., Moloney A., Boland T., Lewis E. (2009): Nutritive value of forage legumes used for grazing and silage. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research, 48: 167–187.
Dolferus R., Ji X., Richards R.A. (2011): Abiotic stress and control of grain number in cereals. Plant Science, 181: 331–341.
IUSS Working Group WRB (2015): International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. In: World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014, Update 2015. World Soil Resources Reports No. 106, Rome, FAO: 1–193.
Lemežienė N., Padarauskas A., Butkutė B., Cesevičienė J., Taujenis L., Norkevičienė E., Mikaliūnienė J. (2015): The concentration of isoflavones in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) at flowering stage. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, 102: 443–448.
Loucks C.E.S., Deen W., Gaudin A.C.M., Earl H.J., Bowley S.R., Martin R.C. (2018): Genotypic differences in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) response under severe water deficit. Plant Soil, 425: 401–414.
Mousset-Dèclas C. (1995): Clovers of the genus Trifolium. In: Prosperi M.J., Guy P., Balfourier F. (eds.): Genetic Resources of Forage and Turf Grasses. Paris, INRA: 177–211. (in French)
Petrauskas G., Mikaliūnienė J., Norkevičienė E., Statke-vičiūtė G., Kemešytė V. (2018): Breeding for improved seed yield of red clover. In: Brazauskas G., Statkevičiūtė G., Jonavičienė K. (eds.): Breeding Grasses and Protein Crops in the Era of Genomics. Cham, Springer: 96–100.
Scotton M. (2018): Seed production in grassland species: morpho-biological determinants in a species-rich semi-natural grassland. Grass and Forage Science, 73: 764–776.
Sehgal A., Sita K., Siddique K.H.M., Kumar R., Bhogireddy S., Varshney R.K., HanumanthaRao B., Nair R.M., Prasad P.V.V., Nayyar H. (2018): Drought or/and heat-stress effects on seed filling in food crops: impacts on functional biochemistry, seed yields, and nutritional quality. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9: 1705.
Smith S.B., Gotoh T., Greenwood P.L. (2018): Current situation and future prospects for global beef production: Overview of special issue. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 31: 927–932.
Staniak M. (2019). Changes in yield and nutritive value of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) and Festulolium (Festulolium braunii (K. Richt) A. Camus) under drought stress. Agricultural and Food Science, 28: 27–34.
Taylor N.L., Quesenberry K.H. (1996): Red Clover Science. Dordrecht, Academic Publishers: 1–228.
Vanommeslaeghe A., Meeus I., Cnops G., Vleugels T., Merchiers M., Duquenne B., Roldán-Ruiz I., Smagghe G. (2018): Influence of pollinator abundance and flower visitation on seed yield in red clover. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 12: 339–349.
Vleugels T., Cnops G., Roldán-Ruiz I. (2014): Improving seed yield in red clover through marker assisted parentage analysis. Euphytica, 200: 305–320.
Vleugels T., Roldán-Ruiz I., Cnops G. (2015): Influence of flower and flowering characteristics on seed yield in diploid and tetraploid red clover. Plant Breeding, 134: 56–61.
Vleugels T., Ceuppens B., Cnops G., Lootens P., van Parijs F.R.D., Smagghe G., Roldán-Ruiz I. (2016): Models with only two predictor variables can accurately predict seed yield in diploid and tetraploid red clover. Euphytica, 209: 507–523.
Vleugels T., Laere K.V., Roldán-Ruiz I., Cnops G. (2019): Seed yield in red clover is associated with meiotic abnormalities and in tetraploid genotypes also with self-compatibility. Euphytica, 215: 79.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti