Breeding for higher productivity in mulberry
K. Vijayan, P.P. Srivastava, P.J. Raju, B. Saratchandrahttps://doi.org/10.17221/162/2011-CJGPBCitation:Vijayan K., Srivastava P.P., Raju P.J., Saratchandra B. (2012): Breeding for higher productivity in mulberry. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed., 48: 147-156.
Mulberry (Morus L.) is an economically important tree being cultivated for its leaves to rear the silkworm Bombyx mori. Rearing of silkworm is an art and science popularly known as sericulture; an agrobased cottage industry provides employment to millions in China, India, Korea, Vietnam, etc. Mulberry is a perennial tree that maintains high heterozygosity due to the outbreeding reproductive system. It is recalcitrant to most of the conventional breeding methods, yet considerable improvement has been made in leaf yield and leaf quality. Conventional breeding in mulberry is a tedious, labour intensive and time taking process, which needs to be complemented with modern biotechnological methods to speed up the process. This article enumerates the problems, challenges, constraints and achievements in mulberry breeding along with recent advances in biotechnology and molecular biology to enable mulberry breeders to tackle specific problems more systematically and effectively.Keywords:
association mapping; QTL mapping; Morus L.; sericulture