Heritability of flowering time within apple progeny

https://doi.org/10.17221/221/2014-CJGPBCitation:Blažek J., Paprštein F., Křelinová J. (2015): Heritability of flowering time within apple progeny. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed., 51: 23-28.
download PDF
The flowering onset of 19 apple progeny was evaluated in 2005–2014 on a total number of 715 seedlings in comparison with their parents and grandparents. A very low flower set delays generally the onset of flowering by one day in comparison with a higher flower set. The maximum span between the first flowering onset and the last one within all the progeny of the study was 11 days. With one exception, the incidence of the first flowering dates of all the progeny fluctuated only within four days – April 28 and May 1. Among them, the great majority of the seedlings had the first flowering date span of not more than ± one day. The progeny of Pink Lady × Discovery was the most exceptional having the mean day on the April 17 and the span about two days longer. The means of the first flowering dates within seedling populations and corresponding dates of both their parents and grandparents were very highly correlated (r = 0.926 for parents and r = 0.877 for grandparents). The incidence of flowering onset dates in almost all progeny followed a typical Gaussian distribution, in which the majority of seedlings start flowering within 3 or 4 days. The maximum difference between both extremes (found only in one progeny) was 11 days. The share of seedlings in both extremes was, however, very small – less than 2%.
References:
Aldwinkle H.S., Way R.D., Livermore K.G., Preczewski J.L., Beer S.V. (1976): Fire blight in the Geneva apple collection. Fruit Varieties Journal, 30: 42–55.
 
Blažek J. (2001): Apple cultivar Rubinstep. Scientific Papers of Pomology, 17: 163–165
 
Blažek J. (2007): New apple cultivar Rucla. Scientific Papers of Pomology, 20: 151–153.
 
Campoy José Antonio, Ruiz David, Egea José, Rees David Jasper G., Celton Jean Marc, Martínez-Gómez Pedro (2011): Inheritance of Flowering Time in Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) and Analysis of Linked Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs) using Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) Markers. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 29, 404-410  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11105-010-0242-9
 
Celton J-M., Martinez S., Jammes M-J., Bechti A., Salvi S., Legave J-M., Costes E. (2011): Deciphering the genetic determinism of bud phenology in apple progenies: a new insight into chilling and heat requirement effects on flowering dates and positional candidate genes. New Phytologist, 192, 378-392  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03823.x
 
Gottschalk C., Nocker S. van (2013): Diversity in seasonal bloom time and floral development among apple species and hybrids. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 138: 367–374.
 
Jung Christian, Müller Andreas E. (2009): Flowering time control and applications in plant breeding. Trends in Plant Science, 14, 563-573  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2009.07.005
 
Kurokura T., Mimida N., Battey N. H., Hytonen T. (): The regulation of seasonal flowering in the Rosaceae. Journal of Experimental Botany, 64, 4131-4141  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ert233
 
Lacey K., Antoine M. (2006): Apple pollination. Western Australia Department of Agriculture, Farmnote, 193:1–7.
 
Legave J.M., Farrera I., Almeras T., Calleja M. (2008): Selecting models of apple flowering time and understanding how global warming has had an impact on this trait. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 83: 76–84.
 
Mehlenbacher S.A., Voordeckers A.M. (1991): Relationship of flowering time, rate of seed germination, and time of leaf budbreak and usefulness in selecting for late-flowering apples. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 116: 565–568.
 
Sanchez-Pere R., Del Cueto J., Dicenta F., Martínez-Gómez P. (2014): Recent advancements to study flowering time in almond and other Prunus species. Plant Genetics and Genomics, 5: 334.
 
Tydeman H.M. (1958): The breeding of late flowering apple varieties. Annual Report of the East Malling Research Station, 1957: 68–73.
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences