Genetic variability in quantitative traits of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes

https://doi.org/10.17221/89/2017-CJGPBCitation:Lakić Ž., Stanković S., Pavlović S., Krnjajić S., Popović V. (2019): Genetic variability in quantitative traits of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed., 55: 1-7.
download PDF

The field pea is very important when it comes to the nutrition of domestic animals, due to a high content of proteins in its grains and aboveground biomass. The aim of this study was to examine genetic variability in quantitative traits of newly created field pea hybrids. The researchers studied two cultivars, one line and their F3 and F4 hybrids. The following quantitative traits were analysed: number of pods per plant, number of grains per pod, 1000 seed weight and grain yield. The largest number of pods per plant was recorded for the Baccara × L-CC line hybrid, with a statistically significantly larger (P < 0.01) number of pods per plant than all the other investigated genotypes, lines and hybrids. L-CC line × Baccara, and Saša × L-CC line had a significantly larger (P < 0.05) number of grains per pod. The smallest number of grains per pod was recorded for the Saša and Baccara × Saša hybrid. The genotype vs. year interaction had a significant (P < 0.05) influence on 1000 seed weight. Significantly higher (P < 0.05) 1000 seed weight was recorded for the Baccara genotype, when compared with all other investigated genotypes, lines and hybrids. The lowest 1000 seed weight was recorded for the L-CC line. The genotype × year interaction had a significant influence on the seed yield of field pea. During this research, high seed yields were achieved by the Baccara genotype and Baccara × L-CC line and Baccara × Saša hybrids.

References:
Ali R., Mohammad-Eghbal G., Mokhtar G. (2012): Effect of supplemental irrigation and plant density on yield and yield components of peas (Pisum sativum L.) in Kermanshah region. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7: 2353–2358.
 
Bokan Nikola, Karagić Đura, Mihailović Vojislav, Tomić Dalibor, Stevović Vladeta, Milošević Branko (2014): Effect of Liming on Grain Yield of Field Peas. АГРОЗНАЊЕ, 14, 631- https://doi.org/10.7251/AGREN1304631B
 
Erić P., Ćupina B., Mihailović V., Mikić A. (2004): Production technology of fodder pea in terms of cultivar specifity. Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops. Novi Sad, 40: 405–417.
 
Gixhari B., Pavelková M., Ismaili H., Vrapi H., Jaupi A., Smýkal P. (2014): Genetic diversity of Albanian pea (Pisum sativum L.) landraces assessed by morphological traits and molecular markers. Czech Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 50, 177-184 https://doi.org/10.17221/227/2013-CJGPB
 
Kosev Valentin (2014): Breeding and Genetic Assessment of Some Quantitative Traits in Crosses Forage Pea (&lt;i&gt;Pisum sativum&lt;/i&gt; L.). Open Journal of Genetics, 04, 22-29 https://doi.org/10.4236/ojgen.2014.41004
 
Kosev Valentin (2015): Model of high-productive varieties in forage pea. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 16, 172-180 https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/16.2.1606
 
Kumar B., Kumar A., Singh A.K., Lavanya G.R. (2013): Selection strategy for seed yield and maturity in field pea (Pisum sativum L. arvense). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8: 5411–5415.
 
Popovic Svetislav, Tucak Marijana, Cupic Tihomir, Krizmanic Goran (2015): THE INFLUENCE OF PRECIPITATION ON FORAGE PEA SEED YIELDS. Poljoprivreda, 21, 10-14 https://doi.org/10.18047/poljo.21.2.2
 
Popović V., Vidić M., Miladinović J., Vučković S., Dolijanović Ž., Đukić V., Čobanović L., Veselić J. (2016): Yield potential of NS varieties − Glycine max in the region of Serbia. Journal of PKB Agroeconomics, Belgrade, 22: 19−30.
 
Ali Rasaei (2012): Effect of supplemental irrigation and plant density on yield and yield components of peas (Pisum sativum L.) in Kermanshah region. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEEARCH, 7, - https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR11.1559
 
A.M.A Rashwan, El-Shaieny. Abdel-Haleem.A.H. (2016): Pedigree selection in pea (Pisum sativum L.).. International Journal of Advanced Research, 4, 1366-1371 https://doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/1015
 
Berhane Sibhatu, Hayelom Berhe, Gebremeskel Gebrekorkos, Kasaye Abera (2016): Determination of planting spacing for improved yield and yield components of Dekoko (Pisum sativum var. abyssinicum) at Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia. African Journal of Plant Science, 10, 157-161 https://doi.org/10.5897/AJPS2016.1428
 
Spies J. M., Warkentin T., Shirtliffe S. (2010): Basal branching in field pea cultivars and yield-density relationships. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 90, 679-690 https://doi.org/10.4141/CJPS09195
 
Mustafa; KOÇ TAN (2013): Determination of dry matter yield and yield components of local forage pea (Pisum sativum ssp. arvense L.) ecotypes. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 19, 289-296 https://doi.org/10.1501/Tarimbil_0000001254
 
Türk M., Albayrak S., Yüksel O. (2011): Effect of seeding rate on the forage yields and quality in pea cultivars of different leaf types. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 16: 137–141.
 
Yücel Özveren D. (2013): Impact of plant density on yield and yield components of pea (Pisum.sativum ssp. sativum L.) cultivars. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 8: 169–174.
 
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences