Powdery Mildew Resistance of Czech and Slovak Spring Barley Breeding Lines in Variety Trials
A. Dreiseitlhttps://doi.org/10.17221/3662-CJGPBCitation:Dreiseitl A. (2005): Powdery Mildew Resistance of Czech and Slovak Spring Barley Breeding Lines in Variety Trials. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed., 41: 160-166.
In 2001–2005, resistance to powdery mildew was studied in 227 Czech and Slovak breeding lines of spring barley included in the breeding station trials or official trials. Seventeen known resistances were identified (Al, Ar, At, HH, Kr, La, Ly, Mlo, N81, Ri, Ru, Sp, St, Tu, We, Mla21, and Mlp1). Unknown resistances were found in 11 breeding lines, in five of which resistance was effective against all used pathotypes of the pathogen. Besides the identified resistances, unknown resistances were detected in another three breeding lines. Sixty-five breeding lines (= 29%) exhibited heterogeneity in the examined trait, i.e. they are composed of components with different resistances to powdery mildew. Comparison of current results with the previous ones shows a considerable increase in the proportion of breeding lines carrying the resistance Mlo (72%), on the account of the resistances located at the Mla locus, particularly Ru. The examined set is characterised by a high proportion of breeding lines resistant to all used Czech pathotypes of the given pathogen (78%), however of low diversity in the resistance.Keywords:
Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei; Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei; powdery mildew; Hordeum vulgare L.; spring barley; breeding lines; resistance