Progression of Deoxynivalenol Concentrations in Spikes and Kernels of Winter Wheat Cultivars after Inoculation with Fusarium culmorum
J. Chrpová, V. Šíp, E. Matějová, S. Sýkorováhttps://doi.org/10.17221/3644-CJGPBCitation:Chrpová J., Šíp V., Matějová E., Sýkorová S. (2006): Progression of Deoxynivalenol Concentrations in Spikes and Kernels of Winter Wheat Cultivars after Inoculation with Fusarium culmorum. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed., 42: 137-141.
Progression of deoxynivalenol (DON) concentrations in spikes and kernels was studied in relation to Fusarium head blight (FHB) symptoms in five winter wheat cultivars, differing in resistance to FHB, after single floret inoculation with an aggressive isolate of Fusarium culmorum. After inoculation in field conditions the spikes were detached from the plant and kept in the greenhouse under controlled conditions. High concentrations of DON were detected in susceptible cultivars at an early stage of pathogenesis (7 days after inoculation). Over the whole examined 21-day period and also at maturity spikes contained more DON than kernels. While differences between cultivars in the accumulation of DON were highly expressed already 7 days after inoculation, differences in symptomatic reactions were not clear until day 21. Owing to the reported crucial role of DON at early stages of pathogenesis, the importance of appropriate timing of fungicide application is highly stressed.Keywords:
Fusarium head blight; symptoms; accumulation of deoxynivalenol; resistance; winter wheat