On-farm orchards of fruit trees
F. Paprštein, J. Sedlák, V. Holubechttps://doi.org/10.17221/2669-CJGPBCitation:Paprštein F., Sedlák J., Holubec V. (2010): On-farm orchards of fruit trees. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed., 46: S65-S69.
Four on-farm plantations (KRNAP Vrchlabí, the Orchard of Reconciliation in Neratov, Podyjí National Park, and Šumava National Park) were successfully established in a traditional form, with large orchard trees on seedling rootstocks. Certain accessions (cultivars) for on-farm conservation in the given locality were selected, according to the incidence and presentation of genotypes in these particular areas. This information was obtained by localization of fruit trees in situ and the determination of certain cultivars. Nursery stock production for onfarm plantations is described. Because of the longevity of the plantation, seedling rootstocks were used for the production of planting materials for the on-farm plantations. Techniques of on-farm plantation establishment and orchard management are stated within the paper. Four established on-farm plantations have ensured the long-term preservation of landraces in their original areas.Keywords:apples; pears; plums; sour cherries; sweet cherries