The influence of the cultivation environment on the fragrance of cyclamens

https://doi.org/10.17221/110/2017-HORTSCICitation:Shibusawa N., Matsuyama S., Ohsawa R. (2018): The influence of the cultivation environment on the fragrance of cyclamens. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 45: 145-155.
download PDF

The scent of scented cyclamen flowers weakens when the plants are displayed for long periods, and this phenomenon is affected by the environment in which the plants are displayed. Counteracting environmental effects on scent intensity requires an understanding of floral scent emission during display. Here, we used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and sensory analysis to evaluate the influence of light intensity on floral scent emission from scented cyclamens kept indoors and in a greenhouse. For the greenhouse cyclamen, odour intensity was nearly constant throughout the study period. In contrast, the odour intensity of the indoor plants had decreased by 13 days after flowering, and the odour intensities of the indoor and greenhouse cyclamen differed significantly. Rank correlation analysis showed a positive correlation between odour intensity as determined by sensory analysis and the total amount of volatile compounds released as determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. That is, the sensory analysis results could be explained in terms of the emission amounts of odour compounds.

References:
Azam Muhammad, Song Min, Fan Fangjuan, Zhang Bo, Xu Yaying, Xu Changjie, Chen Kunsong (2013): Comparative Analysis of Flower Volatiles from Nine Citrus at Three Blooming Stages. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 14, 22346-22367 https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms141122346
 
CNA'ANI ALON, MÜHLEMANN JOELLE K., RAVID JASMIN, MASCI TANIA, KLEMPIEN ANTJE, NGUYEN THUONG T. H., DUDAREVA NATALIA, PICHERSKY ERAN, VAINSTEIN ALEXANDER (2015): Petunia  ×  hybrida floral scent production is negatively affected by high-temperature growth conditions. Plant, Cell & Environment, 38, 1333-1346 https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.12486
 
Du Xiaofen, Plotto Anne, Baldwin Elizabeth, Rouseff Russell (2011): Evaluation of Volatiles from Two Subtropical Strawberry Cultivars Using GC–Olfactometry, GC-MS Odor Activity Values, and Sensory Analysis. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59, 12569-12577 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf2030924
 
Dudareva N. (): (E)-beta-Ocimene and Myrcene Synthase Genes of Floral Scent Biosynthesis in Snapdragon: Function and Expression of Three Terpene Synthase Genes of a New Terpene Synthase Subfamily. THE PLANT CELL ONLINE, 15, 1227-1241 https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.011015
 
Dudareva Natalia, Negre Florence, Nagegowda Dinesh A., Orlova Irina (2006): Plant Volatiles: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 25, 417-440 https://doi.org/10.1080/07352680600899973
 
Farré-Armengol Gerard, Filella Iolanda, Llusià Joan, Niinemets Ülo, Peñuelas Josep (2014): Changes in floral bouquets from compound-specific responses to increasing temperatures. Global Change Biology, 20, 3660-3669 https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12628
 
Gutierrez A.M.B. (2009): Studies on fragrance, vase life and ethylene regulation of volatile production in rose flowers. University of Florida: 4–156.
 
Heo J.W., Lee C.W., Murthy H.N., Paek K.Y. (2003): Influence of light quality and photoperiod on flowering of Cyclamen persicum Mill. cv. ’Dixie White’. Plant Growth Regulation, 40: 7–10.https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1023096909497
 
Hu Zenghui, Zhang Huixiu, Leng Pingsheng, Zhao Jing, Wang Wenhe, Wang Shudong (2013): The emission of floral scent from Lilium ‘siberia’ in response to light intensity and temperature. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 35, 1691-1700 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-012-1211-8
 
Hu Zenghui, Li Tianjiao, Zheng Jian, Yang Kai, He Xiangfeng, Leng Pingsheng (2015): Ca2+ signal contributing to the synthesis and emission of monoterpenes regulated by light intensity in Lilium ‘siberia’. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 91, 1-9 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2015.03.005
 
Ishizaka Hiroshi, Uematsu Junjiro (1995): Interspecific hybrids of Cyclamen persicum Mill. and C. purpurascens Mill. produced by ovule culture. Euphytica, 82, 31-37 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00028707
 
Jakobsen HenrikByrial, Olsen CarlErik (1994): Influence of climatic factors on emission of flower volatiles in situ. Planta, 192, - https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00198572
 
Kanda M. (1997): Micropropagation sale of a cyclamen cultivation plant using somatic embryo culture and culture trust of cyclamen. Nogyo-gijutsu-taikei Kaki-hen, No. 5: 695–700. Nosangyoson-bunka-kyokai, Tokyo. (in Japanese)
 
Kang K.J., Oh W., Shin J.H., Kim K.S. (2008): Night interruption and cyclic lighting promote flowering of Cyclamen persicum under low temperature regime. Horticulture, Environment and Biotechnology, 49: 72–77.
 
Kolosova N. (): Regulation of Circadian Methyl Benzoate Emission in Diurnally and Nocturnally Emitting Plants. THE PLANT CELL ONLINE, 13, 2333-2347 https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.13.10.2333
 
Komagata T., Takagi S., Motozu T. (2002): Effect of interior air temperature and light intensity on qualitative maintenance of potted Cyclamen persicum Mill. Bulletin of the Horticultural Institute, Ibaraki Agricultural Center, 10: 16–21. (in Japanese).
 
Li Yuying, Ma Hong, Wan Youming, Li Taiqiang, Liu Xiuxian, Sun Zhenghai, Li Zhenghong (2016): Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions from Luculia pinceana Flower and Its Changes at Different Stages of Flower Development. Molecules, 21, 531- https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21040531
 
Mohd-Hairul Ab. Rahim, Namasivayam Parameswari, Cheng Lian Gwendoline Ee, Abdullah Janna Ong (2010): Terpenoid, Benzenoid, and Phenylpropanoid Compounds in the Floral Scent of Vanda Mimi Palmer. Journal of Plant Biology, 53, 358-366 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12374-010-9123-x
 
Oh Wook, Rhie Yong Ha, Park Ji Hum, Runkle Erik S., Kim Ki Sun (2015): Flowering of cyclamen is accelerated by an increase in temperature, photoperiod, and daily light integral. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 83, 559-562 https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2008.11512423
 
Oh Wook, Kang Kyung Joo, Cho Kyung Jin, Shin Jong Hwa, Kim Ki Sun (2013): Temperature and long-day lighting strategy affect flowering time and crop characteristics in Cyclamen persicum. Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology, 54, 484-491 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13580-013-0111-1
 
Qin Xiao-Wei, Hao Chao-Yun, He Shu-Zhen, Wu Gang, Tan Le-He, Xu Fei, Hu Rong-Suo (2014): Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Different Stages of Cananga odorata Flower Development. Molecules, 19, 8965-8980 https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19078965
 
Rhie Y.H., Oh W., Park J.H., Chun C., Kim K.S. (2006): Flowering response of ‘Metis Purple’ cyclamen to temperature and photoperiod according to growth stage. Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology, 47: 198–202.
 
Rusanov Krasimir, Kovacheva Natasha, Rusanova Mila, Atanassov Ivan (2011): Traditional Rosa damascena flower harvesting practices evaluated through GC/MS metabolite profiling of flower volatiles. Food Chemistry, 129, 1851-1859 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.05.132
 
SAGAE Masanori, OYAMA-OKUBO Naomi, ANDO Toshio, MARCHESI Eduardo, NAKAYAMA Masayoshi (2014): Effect of Temperature on the Floral Scent Emission and Endogenous Volatile Profile of Petunia axillaris. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, 72, 110-115 https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb.70490
 
Schade Frank, Legge Raymond L, Thompson John E (2001): Fragrance volatiles of developing and senescing carnation flowers. Phytochemistry, 56, 703-710 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00483-0
 
Shalit M. (): Volatile Ester Formation in Roses. Identification of an Acetyl-Coenzyme A. Geraniol/Citronellol Acetyltransferase in Developing Rose Petals. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, 131, 1868-1876 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.102.018572
 
Van Buskirk E. K., Decker P. V., Chen M. (2012): Photobodies in Light Signaling. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, 158, 52-60 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.111.186411
 
download PDF

© 2018 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences