Impact of fertilization strategies on the growth of lavender and nitrates leaching to environment B., Nogowska A. (2016): Impact of fertilization strategies on the growth of lavender and nitrates leaching to environment. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 43: 76-83.
download PDF
Horticultural industry significantly affects the environment. In particular, large amounts of irrigation water and fertilizers required for intensive plant production can result in an increased nutrient runoff to surface and ground water. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of different fertilization strategies on the growth and flowering of container-grown English lavender cv. Dwarf Blue and the composition of the leachates generated by this crop. Three types of controlled-release fertilizers (Osmocote 16-9-12, Plantacote 15-10-15 and Multicote 17-17-17) at three rates (1.5, 3.0 and 4.5 g/l) were compared to fast-acting fertilizers. The application of Multicote promoted vegetative growth of lavender but inhibited the appearance of flower spikes. Plants fertilized with Osmocote and Plantacote at the highest rate produced the highest fresh weight and the highest number of flowering spikes, as well as the best quality. However, these rates gave relatively high values of nitrogen nitrate content after 4 weeks of plant cultivation. Among the applied controlled-release fertilizers, Multicote had the lowest potential to contribute nitrate pollutants discharged from containers.
Aendekerk T. (1997): Fertilization guide for nursery crops: adjusting fertilization to meet the crop’s requirements. Boskoop, Boomteeltpraktijkonderzoek.
Biesiada A., Sokół-Łętowska A., Kucharska A. (2008): The effect of nitrogen fertilization on yielding and antioxidant activity of lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.). Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus, 7: 33–40.
Bilderback T.E. (2002): Water management is key to reducing nutrient runoff from container nursery. HortTechnology, 12: 541–544.
Breś W. (2009): Estimation of nutrient losses from open fertigation systems to soil during horticultural plant cultivation. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 18: 341–345.
Cabrera R.I. (1997): Comparative evaluation of nitrogen release patterns from controlled release fertilizer by nitrogen analysis. HortScience, 32: 669–673.
Cabrera Raul I., Evans Richard Y., Paul J.L. (1993): Leaching losses of N from container-grown roses. Scientia Horticulturae, 53, 333-345
Carson L.C., Ozores-Hampton M., Morgan K.T. (2013): Nitrogen release from controlled-release fertilizers in seepage-irrigated tomato production in South Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 126: 131-135.
Colangelo D.J., Brand M.H. (1997): Effect of split fertilizer application and irrigation volume on nitrate-nitrogen concentration in container growing area soil. The Journal of Environmental Horticulture: 15: 205–210.
Douglass J.F. (2005): Variation in nutrient release of polymer-coated fertilizers. In: Dumroese R., Riley L., Landis T. (eds): National proceedings Western Forest and Conservation Nursery Association Meeting, Medford, USA, July 26–29, 2004: 113–118.
Harris G.L., Hodgkinson R.A., Scott M., Mason D.J., Pepper T.J. (1997): Impact of hardy ornamental nursery stock (HONS) systems on the environment: losses of nutrients and agrochemicals. Agricultural Water Management, 34, 95-110
Huett D. O. (1997): Fertiliser use effciency by containerised nursery plants 2. Nutrient leaching. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 48, 259-
Husby C.E., Niemiera A.X., Harris J.R., Wright R.D. (2003): Influence of diurnal temperature on nutrient release patterns of three polymer-coated fertilizers. HortScience, 38: 387–389.
Ingram D.L., Martin C., Ruter J. (1989): Effect of heat stress on container-grown plants. Combined Proceedings The International Plant Propagators’ Society, 39: 348–353.
Kochaki A., Sabet-Teimori M. (2011): Effects of irrigation and fertilizer on the yield at three medicinal plants: Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) and hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis) in Mashhad. Journal of Agricultural Research, 9: 78–87.
Kotsiris G., Nektarios P.A., Paraskevopoulou A.T. (2012): Lavandula angustifolia growth and physiology is affected by substrate type and depth when grown under Mediterranean semi-intensive green roof conditions. HortScience, 47: 311–317.
Kowalczyk W., Dyśko J., Felczyńska A. (2013): Trends of the content of selected mineral elements in waters for fertigation of vegetable grown under covers. Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas, 2: 167–175.
Marschner H. (1995): Mineral nutrition of higher plants. 2nd Ed. San Diego, Academic Press.
Narváez L., Cáceres R., Marfà O. (2012): Effects of climate and fertilization strategy on nitrogen balance in an outdoor potted crop of Viburnum tinus L.. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 10, 471-
Newman J.P., Albano J.P., Merhaut D.J., Blythe E.K. (2006): Nutrient release from controlled-release fertilizers in a neutral-pH substrate in an outdoor environment: I. Leachate electrical conductivity, pH, and nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium concentrations. HortScience, 41: 1674–1682.
Newman J.P., Kabashima J.N., Merhaut D., Haver D.L., Gan J., Oki L.R. (2014): Controlling runoff and recycling water, nutrients, and waste. In: Newman J.P. (ed.): Container Nursery Production and Business Management Manual. Publication of University of California, Agricultural and Natural Resources: 95–118.
Pisulewska E., Puchalska H., Zaleski T., Janeczko Z. (2009): Wpływ warunków atmosferycznych na plon i jakość lawendy wąskolistnej (Lavandula angustifolia Mill). Ecological Chemistry and Engineering, 16: 845–854.
Prusinowska Renata, Śmigielski Krzysztof B. (2014): Composition, biological properties and therapeutic effects of lavender (Lavandula angustifolia L). A review. Herba Polonica, 60, -
Taylor M.D., White S.A., Chandler S.L., Klaine S.J., Whitwell T. (2006): Nutrient Management of Nursery Runoff Water using Constructed Wetland Systems. HortTechnology, 16: 610–614.
Warsaw A.L., Fernandez R.T., Cregg B.M., Andresen J.M. (2009): Container-grown ornamental plant growth and water runoff nutrient content and volume under four irrigation treatments. HortScience, 44: 1573–1580.
Wilson C., Albano J., Mozdzen M., Riiska C. (2010): Irrigation water and nitrate-nitrogen loss characterization in Southern Florida nurseries: cumulative volumes, runoff rates, nitrate nitrogen concentrations and loadings, and implications for management. HortTechnology, 20: 325–330.
Wilson P., Albano J. (2011): Impact of fertigation versus controlled-release fertilizer formulations on nitrate concentrations in nursery drainage water. HortTechnology, 21: 176–180.
Yeager T., Wright R., Fare D., Gilliam C., Johnson J., Bilderback T., Zondag R. (1993): Six state survey of container nursery nitrate nitrogen runoff. Journal of Environmental Horticulture, 11: 206–208.
Yeager T., Million J., Larsen C., Stamps B. (2010): Florida nursery best management practices: past, present, and future. HortTechnology, 20: 82–88.
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences