Effects of rootstock genotypes on compatibility, biomass, and the yield of Welschriesling

https://doi.org/10.17221/141/2015-HORTSCICitation:Vršič S., Pulko B., Kocsis L. (2016): Effects of rootstock genotypes on compatibility, biomass, and the yield of Welschriesling. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 43: 92-99.
download PDF
The aim of this work is to determine the compatibility, the scion biomass, and the yield of the grapevine variety Welschriesling grafted onto 12 grapevine rootstocks. As an index of compatibility, the callus development and graft success were determined. Dry weight of canes was measured at the end of the growing seasons (2011–2014), while root dry weight only in the first year in the nursery. The grape yield was measured in the first production year. Welschriesling showed good compatibility with all examined rootstocks. More than 85% of grafts had a complete callus development (8BČ rootstock 100%). The average of graft success in the nursery was 67%, but the average of 5BB, G251, and G103 was above 80%. The G103 rootstock had the highest root dry weight after one season. The dry weight of canes in vineyards was above the average with 5BB, SO4, Binova, Börner, and M V rootstocks. All Georgikon rootstocks had a lower cane dry weight per vine than the others. The highest yields were recorded on SO4, G251, and Börner rootstocks.
Ambrosi H., Dettweiler E., Rühl E.H., Schmid J., Schumann F. (1994): Farbatlas Rebsorten. 1st Ed. Stuttgart, Eugen Ulmer.
Basheer-Salimia R., Hamdan A.J. (2009): Assessment of preliminary grafting compatibility-incompatibility between local palestinian table-grapevine cultivars and different phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae) resistant rootstocks. An-Najah University Journal for Research (N.Sc.), 23: 49–71.
Basler P. (1994): Börner – eine neue Rebenunterlage. Obst-und Weinbau, 27: 656–657.
Becker H. (1989): Situation der deutschen Rebenpflanzguterzeuger. Der Deutsche Weinbau, 44: 55–60.
Blank Livia, Wolf Tatjana, Eimert Klaus, Schröder Max-Bernhard (2009): Differential gene expression during hypersensitive response in Phylloxera -resistant rootstock ‘Börner’ using custom oligonucleotide arrays. Journal of Plant Interactions, 4, 261-269  https://doi.org/10.1080/17429140903254697
Blažek J., Pištěková I. (2012): Final evaluation of nine plum cultivars grafted onto two rootstocks in a trial established in 1998 at Holovousy. Horticultural Science (Prague), 39: 108–115.
Celik H. (2000): The effects of different grafting methods applied by manual grafting units on grafting success of grapevines. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 24: 499–504.
Cookson S.J., Cemente Moreno M.J., Hevin C., Nyamba Mendome L.Z., Delrot S., Trossat-Magnin C., Ollat N. (2013): Graft union formation in grapevine induces transcriptional changes related to cell wall modification, wounding, hormone signalling and secondary metabolism Journal of Experimental Botany, 64: 2997–3008.
Darikova J.A., Savva Y.V., Vaganov E.A., Grachev A.M., Kuznetsova G.V. (2011): Grafts of woody plants and the problem of incompatibility between scion and rootstock. Journal of Siberian Federal University. Biology, 1: 54–56.
Gökbayrak Z., Söylemezoğlu G., Akkurt M., Çelik H. (2007): Determination of grafting compatibility of grapevine with electrophoretic methods. Scientia Horticulturae, 113, 343-352  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2007.04.008
Granett Jeffrey, Walker M. Andrew, Kocsis Laszlo, Omer Amir D. (2001): B IOLOGY AND M ANAGEMENT OF G RAPE P HYLLOXERA. Annual Review of Entomology, 46, 387-412  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.46.1.387
Hafner P. (1998): Börner – eine neue Rebunterlage. Obstbau–Weinbau, 12: 370.
Korosi G.A., Powell K.S., Clingeleffer P.R., Smith B., Walker R.R., Wood J. (2011): NEW HYBRID ROOTSTOCK RESISTANCE SCREENING FOR PHYLLOXERA UNDER LABORATORY CONDITIONS. Acta Horticulturae, , 53-58  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.904.7
Lima da Silva A., Hariscain P., Ollat N., Doazan J.P. (2000): COMPARATIVE IN VITRO DEVELOPMENT OF FIVE GRAPEVINE ROOTSTOCK VARIETIES AND MUTANTS FROM THE CULTIVAR 'GRAVESAC'. Acta Horticulturae, , 351-358  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2000.528.49
Martinez-Peniche R. (1999): Effect of Different Phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae Fitch) Populations from South France, upon resistance expression of rootstocks 41B and Aramon × Rupestris Ganzin No. 9. Vitis, 38: 167–178.
Milien Mayeul, Renault-Spilmont Anne-Sophie, Cookson Sarah Jane, Sarrazin Amélie, Verdeil Jean-Luc (2012): Visualization of the 3D structure of the graft union of grapevine using X-ray tomography. Scientia Horticulturae, 144, 130-140  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2012.06.045
Patil S.G., Karkamkar S.P., Deshmukh M.R. (2005): Screening of grape varieties for their drought tolerance. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 10: 176–178.
Pavloušek P. (2009): Evaluation of lime-induced chlorosis tolerance in new rootstock hybrids of grapevine. European Journal of Horticultural Science, 74: 35–41.
Pavloušek Pavel (2010): Lime-induced chlorosis and drought tolerance of grapevine rootstocks. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 58, 431-440  https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201058050431
Pavloušek P. (2011): Evaluation of drought tolerance of new grapevine rootstock hybrids. Journal of Environmental Biology, 32: 543–549.
Pavloušek P., Michlovsky M. (2007): Breeding of Grapevine Rootstocks in the Czech Republic. XXXth OIV World Congress of Vine and Wine, Budapest, June 10–16, 2007: 1–5.
Pedersen B. H. (2015): Determination of graft compatibility in sweet cherry by a co-culture method. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 81, 759-764  https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2006.11512134
PELLEGRINO ANNE, LEBON ERIC, SIMONNEAU THIERRY, WERY JACQUES (2005): Towards a simple indicator of water stress in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) based on the differential sensitivities of vegetative growth components. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 11, 306-315  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-0238.2005.tb00030.x
Pina Ana, Errea Pilar (2005): A review of new advances in mechanism of graft compatibility–incompatibility. Scientia Horticulturae, 106, 1-11  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2005.04.003
Pina Ana, Errea Pilar, Schulz Alexander, Martens Helle J. (2009): Cell-to-cell transport through plasmodesmata in tree callus cultures. Tree Physiology, 29, 809-818  https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpp025
Pire R., Pereira A., Diez J., Fereres E. (2007): Drought tolerance assessment of a venezuelan grape rootstock and possible conditions mechanism. Agrociencia, 47: 435–446.
Rühl E.H., Bleser E., Maunty F., Schmid J. (1999): Unterlagenzüchtung in Geisenheim. 19. Internationale Geisenheimer Rebveredlertagung 1998. Geisenheimer Berichte, 40: 101–105.
Smart David R., Kocsis Laszlo, Andrew Walker M., Stockert Christine (2002): Dormant Buds and Adventitious Root Formation by Vitis and Other Woody Plants. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 21, 296-314  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-003-0001-3
Skinkis P.A., Vance A. J. (2013): Understanding vine balance: An important concept in vineyard management. EM 9068. Corvallis, Oregon State University Extension Service, 1–10.
Vasconcelos M.C., Castagnoli S. (2000): Leaf canopy structure and wine performance. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 51: 390–396.
Vršič S., Valdhuber J., Pulko B. (2004): Compatibility of the Rootstock Börner with Various Scion Varieties. Vitis, 43: 155–156.
Vršič S., Pulko B., Valdhuber J. (2009): Influence of defoliation on carbohydrate reserves of young grapevines in the nursery. European Journal of Horticultural Science, 74: 218–222.
Vršič S, Šuštar V, Pulko B, Šumenjak TK (2014): Trends in climate parameters affecting winegrape ripening in northeastern Slovenia. Climate Research, 58, 257-266  https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01197
Vršič Stanko, Pulko Borut, Kocsis Laszlo (2015): Factors influencing grafting success and compatibility of grape rootstocks. Scientia Horticulturae, 181, 168-173  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2014.10.058
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti