Biostimulant usage for preserving strawberries to climate damages

https://doi.org/10.17221/161/2014-HORTSCICitation:Bogunovic I., Duralija B., Gadze J., Kisic I. (2015): Biostimulant usage for preserving strawberries to climate damages. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 42: 132-140.
download PDF
Climate changes affect horticultural production through the occurrence of late spring frosts. Therefore plant management is gaining more importance with the aim of improving plant condition. The research deals with the biostimulator containing amino-acids of animal origin (porcine blood) which can be obtained by chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of an organic matrix. During vegetation period different cultivars of strawberries were included in the experiment: Asia, Alba and Clery. The effects of biostimulator on resistance to frost, yields and pomological characteristics were studied at three treatments (0.5 , 1.0 and 1.5 g/plant, and control 0 g/plant). The results showed that all investigated cultivars had a positive response to biostimulant application regarding the frost resistance. Natural frost resistance was the strongest for cv. Clery. Significantly lowest percentage of damage was recorded for cv. Alba at 1.5 g and cvs Clery and Alba at 0.5 g. In the case of late spring frosts and other climatic hazards for growing outdoors cvs Clery and Alba are recommended. All cultivars recorded decreased yields. The difference in yields between cultivars was a consequence of frost damages.
References:
Ball M.C., Hill M.J. (2009): Elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations enhance vulnerability to frost damage in a warming world. In: Gusta L., Wisniewski M., Tanino K. (eds): Plant Cold Hardiness: From the Laboratory to the Field. Cambridge, CAB International: 183–189.
 
Boehme M., Schevtschenko J., Pinker I. (2004): Effect of biostimulators on growth of vegetables in hydroponical systems. In: Gavilan M.U. (ed.): International Symposium on Soilless Culture and Hydroponics: 337–344.
 
Bogunovic I., Kisic I. (2013): Soil Water Content in Tillage Induced System. In: Vukadinović V., Đurđević B. (eds): Soil and Crop Management: Adaptation and Mitigation of Climate Change. Osijek, Croatia Soil Tillage Research Organization: 99–107.
 
Boyce B.R., Strater J.B. (1984): Comparison of frost injury in strawberry buds, blossoms and immature fruit. Advances in Strawberry Production, 3: 8–10.
 
Crouch I.J., Smith M.T., van Staden J., Lewis M.J., Hoad G.V. (1992): Identification of Auxins in a Commercial Seaweed Concentrate. Journal of Plant Physiology, 139, 590-594  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(11)80375-5
 
Dimitrieva G., Yuksel G.U., Minakaya L.A., Kalenik T.K. (2003): The nature of a biostimulator activity for cell growth excreted by associative bacterium of Laminaria algae. Proceeding of Microbiological Investigations on the Far East, 31: 41–44.
 
Duralija B. (2004): Rodnost i kvaliteta ploda jagode (Fragaria ×
 
ananassa Duch.) kratkog dana u proizvodnji izvan sezone. [Ph.D. Thesis.] Zagreb, University of Zagreb.
 
Duralija B., Cmelik Z., Druzic Orlic J., Milicevic T. (2004): The effect of planting system on the yield of strawberry grown out-of-season. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 708: 89–92.
 
Filippini L., Bonfiglioli M. (2005): L’impiego dei biostimulanti per la difesa delle colture dagli stress abiotici. Relazione tra sostanze che incrementano l’accumulo di prolina nei tessuti vegetale e autodifesa delle piante. Phytomagazine, 36: 27–31.
 
Glišić I., Mitrović M., Karaklajić-Stajić Ž., Blagojević M. (2005): Resistance of some peach cultivars and hybrids to lower temperatures in the area of Čačak. Zbornik naučnih radova Instituta PKB Agroekonomik, 11: 38–45.
 
Gu L., Hanson P.J., Post W.M., Kaiser D.P., Yang B., Nemani R., Pallardy S.G., Meyers T. (2008): The 2007 Eastern US spring freeze: Increased cold damage in a warming world? BioScience, 58: 253–262.
 
Guy C L (1990): Cold Acclimation and Freezing Stress Tolerance: Role of Protein Metabolism. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 41, 187-223  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.pp.41.060190.001155
 
Havis L. (1938): Freezing injury to strawberry flower buds, flowers, and young fruits. Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station Bimonthly Bulletin, 23: 168.
 
Hortyński J.A., Żebrowska J., Gawroński J., Hulewicz T. (1991): Factors influencing fruit size in the strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.). Euphytica, 56: 67–74.
 
Janick J., Eggert C.A. (1968): Factors affecting fruit size in the strawberry. Journal of American Society of Horticultural Science, 93: 311–316.
 
Janković Z., Zec G., Čolić S. (2010): Phenological characteristics of early strawberry cultivars in the open field and under a high plastic tunnel. Zbornik naučnih radova Instituta PKB Agroekonomik, 16: 15–19.
 
Karlson P. (1993): Biokemija. Zagreb, Školska knjiga.
 
Khanizadeh Shahrokh, Buszard Deborah, Zarkadas Constantinos G. (1992): Effect of crop load on hardiness, protein and amino acids content of apple flower buds at the wintering stage and the begining of the growth∗. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 15, 2441-2455  https://doi.org/10.1080/01904169209364486
 
Kiprijanovski M., Arsov T., Gjamovski V. (2010): Alba, Maya and Roxana: Newly introduced strawberry varieties in Macedonia. Contemporary Agriculture, 59: 112–118.
 
Lasheen A.M., Chaplin C.E. (1971): Biochemical comparison of seasonal variations in three peach cultivars differing in cold hardiness. Journal of American Society of Horticultural Science, 96: 154–159.
 
Maini P. (2006): The experience of the first biostimulant, based on aminoacids and peptides: a short retrospective review on the laboratory researches and the practical results. Fertilitas Agrorum, 1: 29–43.
 
Marfà O., Cáceres R., Polo J., Ródenas J. (2008): Animal protein hydrolysate as a biostimulant for transplanted strawberry plants subjected to cold stress. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 842: 315–318.
 
Polo J., Barroso R., Ródenas J., Azcón-Bieto J., Cáceres R., Marfà O. (2006): Porcine hemoglobin hydrolysate as a biostimulant for lettuce plants subjected to conditions of thermal stress. HortTechnology, 16: 483–487.
 
Rajashekar C.B, Zhou H, Marcum K.B, Prakash O (1999): Glycine betaine accumulation and induction of cold tolerance in strawberry (Fragaria X ananassa Duch.) plants. Plant Science, 148, 175-183  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9452(99)00136-3
 
Russo Ricardo O., Berlyn Graeme P. (): The Use of Organic Biostimulants to Help Low Input Sustainable Agriculture. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 1, 19-42  https://doi.org/10.1300/J064v01n02_04
 
Sagisaka S., Araki T. (1983): Amino acid pools in perennial plants at the wintering stage and at the beginning of growth. Plant Cell Physiology, 24: 479–494.
 
Sakai A., Larcher W. (1987): Frost Survival of Plants. Berlin, Springer.
 
Sherman B.W., Beckman G.T. (2003): Climatic adaptation in fruit crops. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 622: 411–428.
 
Simons R.K., Doll C.C. (1976): Morphological and anatomical response of apples to a late spring frost in relation to stage of fruit development. Journal of American Society of Horticultural Science, 101: 315–320.
 
Stapleton S.C., Chandler C.K., Price J.F., Legard D.E., Sumler J.C. (2001): Transplant source affects fruiting performance and pests of sweet Charlie strawberry in Florida. HortTechnology, 11: 61–65.
 
Strikić F., Pasković I., Gadže J., Lukić D., Radunić M. (2011): Pomological and chemical traits of strawberry Clery on Vrgorac fields. In: Pospišil M. (ed.): Proceedings of 46th Croatian and 6th International Symposium on Agriculture, Opatija, Croatia: 1063–1066.
 
Sylanaj S., Shala A. (2008): Pomological characteristics of newly introduced strawberry cultivars. Pomologia Croatica, 14: 195–200.
 
Thomashow Michael F. (1999): PLANT COLD ACCLIMATION: Freezing Tolerance Genes and Regulatory Mechanisms. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 50, 571-599  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.50.1.571
 
Wisniewski M., Bassett C.L., Gusta L. (2003): An overview of cold hardiness in woody plants: seeing the forest through the trees. HortScience, 38: 952–959.
 
Westwood M.N. (1993): Temperate-zone Pomology: Physiology and Culture. Portland, Timber Press.
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences