The difference in temperature between day and night affects the strawberry soluble sugar content by influencing the photosynthesis, respiration and sucrose phosphatase synthase

https://doi.org/10.17221/169/2020-HORTSCICitation:

Wu X.Y., Han W., Yang Z.Q., Zhang Y.X., Zheng Y.J. (2021): The difference in temperature between day and night affects the strawberry soluble sugar content by influencing the photosynthesis, respiration and sucrose phosphatase synthase. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 48: 174–182.

download PDF

Plenty of studies have demonstrated that DIF has an effect on the fruit growth. To study the effects of day and night temperature differences on the strawberry sugar quality, an experiment using climate chambers was conducted. Five different differences between the day and night temperatures (DIF) were set, which were 6 °C (28 °C/22 °C, day/night temperature), 8 °C (29 °C/21 °C), 10 °C (30 °C/20 °C), 12 °C (31 °C/19 °C), 14 °C (32 °C/18 °C). The results showed the following indices peaked with a DIF of 12 °C, including the photosynthesis rate, glucose content, fructose content, sucrose content, soluble sugar content and sugar metabolic enzyme activity. The respiration rate increased with the DIF during the day and decreased with the DIF at night. The root dry weight peaked at a DIF of 10 °C, the stolon dry weight peaked at a DIF of 8 °C and the leaf dry weight peaked at a DIF of 6 °C; however, the fruit dry weight reached maximum values at a DIF of 12 °C. The Grey correlation analysis showed that the most important factor in our experiment affecting the fructose content was the sucrose phosphate synthase; however, for the sucrose, glucose, and soluble sugars, the most important factor was the photosynthesis. We found that a DIF of 12 °C (31 °C/19 °C, day/night temperature) was the most suitable for strawberry growth, especially for the sugar content accumulation.

References:
Bachman G.R., Mcmahon M.J. (2006): Day and night temperature differential (DIF) or the absence of far-red light alters cell elongation in ‘Celebrity White’ Petunia. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 131: 309–312. https://doi.org/10.21273/JASHS.131.3.309
 
Baker N.R. (2008): Chlorophyll fluorescence: a probe of photosynthesis in vivo. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 59: 89–113. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.59.032607.092759
 
Bashir S., Kaur N., Arora N.K. (2017): Changes in the activities of sugars and sugar metabolic enzymes in grape berries during development. Current Journal of Applied Science Technology, 25: 1–6.
 
Baxter C.J., Foyer C.H., Janice T., Rolfe S.A., Paul Q.W. (2003): Elevated sucrose-phosphate synthase activity in transgenic tobacco sustains photosynthesis in older leaves and alters development. Journal of Experimental Botany, 54: 1813–1820. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erg196
 
Berghage R.D., Flore J.A., Heins R.D., Erwin J.E. (1990): The relationship between day and night temperature influences photosynthesis but not light compensation point or flower longevity of Easter lily, Lilium longiflorum Thunb. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 272: 91–96. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1990.272.12
 
Blanchard M.G., Runkle E.S. (2011): The influence of day and night temperature fluctuations on growth and flowering of annual bedding plants and greenhouse heating cost predictions. HortScience, 46: 599–603. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.46.4.599
 
Bradford E., Hancock J.F., Warner R.M. (2010): Interactions of temperature and photoperiod determine expression of repeat flowering in strawberry. Tropical Diseases Bulletin, 43: 169–176. https://doi.org/10.21273/JASHS.135.2.102
 
Bunce J.A. (1985): Effects of day and night temperature and temperature variation on photosynthetic characteristics. Photosynthesis Research, 6: 175–181. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00032791
 
Chen J.W., Qin Q.P., Xie M., Jiang G.H., Xu H.X., Cheng J.H., Wu J., Sun B. (2007): Characteristics of sucrose and hexose metabolism in relation to sugar accumulation in developing strawberry fruit (in Chinese). Journal of Fruit Science, 1: 49–54.
 
Choi H.G., Moon B.Y., Kang N.J. (2016): Correlation between strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) productivity and photosynthesis-related parameters under various growth conditions. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7: 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01607
 
Chujo T., Kataoka M., Yamauchi S., Ashizawa M. (1973): The effect of temperature on the growth and quality of kaki fruit. II. Day and night temperature treatments during the stage of fruit enlargement. Technical Bulletin, 25: 339–343.
 
Cockshull K.E., Hand D.W., Langton F.A. (1982): The effects of day and night temperature on flower initiation and development in chrysanthemum. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 125: 101–110. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1982.125.12
 
Cockshull K.E., Langton F.A., Cave C. (1995): Differential effects of different DIF treatments on chrysanthemum and poinsettia. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 378: 15–26. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1995.378.1
 
Ding Z.T., Lu Y.H., Kun X.U. (2003): Effects of environmental factors on the photosynthetic caracteristics of tomatoes. Journal of Shandong Agricultural University, 3: 356–360.
 
Erwin J.E., Heins R.D., Karlsson M.G. (1989): Thermomorphogenesis in Lilium longiflorum. American Journal of Botany, 76: 47–52. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1537-2197.1989.tb11283.x
 
Forney C.F., Breen P.J. (1985): Collection and characterization of phloem exudate from strawberry pedicels. HortScience, 20: 413–414.
 
Gerhart A.R. (1930): Respiration in strawberry fruits. Botanical Gazette, 89: 40–66. https://doi.org/10.1086/334025
 
Grimstad S.O., Frimanslund E. (1993): Effect of different day and night temperature regimes on greenhouse cucumber young plant production, flower bud formation and early yield. Scientia Horticulturae, 53: 191–204. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4238(93)90067-Z
 
Gulen H., Eris A. (2003): Some physiological changes in strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa ‘Camarosa’) plants under heat stress. Journal of Pomology Horticultural Science, 78: 894–898.
 
Guo P.G., Li R.H. (2000): Effects of high nocturnal temperature on photosynthetic organization in rice leaves. Acta Botanica Sinica, 42: 673–678.
 
Hansen E., Waldo G.F. (2006): Ascorbic acid content of small fruits in relation to genetic and environmental factors. Journal of Food Science, 9: 453–461.
 
Heuvelink E. (1989): Influence of day and night temperature on the growth of young tomato plants. Scientia Horticulturae, 38: 11–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4238(89)90015-0
 
Hubbard N.L., Huber S.C., Pharr D.M. (1989): Sucrose phosphate synthase and acid invertase as determinants of sucrose concentration in developing muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) fruits. Plant Physiology, 91: 1527–1534. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.91.4.1527
 
Huber S.C., Huber J.L. (1996): Role and regulation of sucrose-phosphate synthase in higher plants. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 47: 431–444. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.47.1.431
 
Inthichack P., Nishimura Y. Fukumoto Y. (2013): Diurnal temperature alternations on plant growth and mineral absorption in eggplant, sweet pepper, and tomato. Horticulture, Environment and Biotechnology, 54: 37–43. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13580-013-0106-y
 
Khanal B. (2012): Effect of day and night temperature on pollen characteristics, fruit quality and storability of tomato. Norwegian University of Life Sciences.
 
Kliewer W.M., Torres R.E. (1972): Effect of controlled day and night temperatures on grape coloration. American Journal of Enology Viticulture, 23: 71–77.
 
Komatsu A. (2002): Analysis of sucrose synthase genes in citrus suggests different roles and phylogenetic relationships. Journal of Experimental Botany, 53: 61–71. https://doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/53.366.61
 
Kumakura H. (1995): Effects of temperature and light conditions on flower initiation and fruit development in strawberry. JARQ, 29: 241–250.
 
Lasseigne F.T., Warren S.L., Blazich F.A., Ranney T.G. (2007): Day/night temperature affects growth and photosynthesis of cultivated salvia taxa. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 132: 492–500. https://doi.org/10.21273/JASHS.132.4.492
 
Li L., Li J., Gao Q., Chen J.X. (2015): Effects of day and night temperature difference on growth, development, yield and fruit quality of tomatoes. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 26: 2700. (in Chinese)
 
Liu L., Meng Y.L., Zhang L.Y., Shan S.M. (2010): Studies on photosynthetic characteristics of three strawberry cultivars. Northern Horticulture, 22: 38–40. (in Chinese)
 
Liu L., Shen F., Lu H., Han Q., Liu Y. (2005): Research advance on sucrose phosphate synthase in sucrose metabolism. Molecular Plant Breeding, 3: 275–281.
 
Makino A., Nakano H., Mae T. (1994): Effects of growth temperature on the responses of ribulose-1,5-biphosphate carboxylase, electron transport components, and sucrose synthesis enzymes to leaf nitrogen in rice, and their relationships to photosynthesis. Plant Physiology, 105: 1231–1238. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.105.4.1231
 
Na Y.W., Jeong H.J., Lee S.Y., Choi H.G., Kim S.H., Rho R.I. (2014): Chlorophyll fluorescence as a diagnostic tool for abiotic stress tolerance in wild and cultivated strawberry species. Horticulture Environment Biotechnology, 55: 280–286. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13580-014-0006-9
 
Nascimento J., Cordenunsi B.R., Lajolo F.M. (1997): Partial purification and characterization of sucrose phosphate synthase from preclimacteric and climacteric bananas. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 45: 1103–1107. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960407g
 
Nei D., Uchino T., Sakai N., Tanaka S.I. (2005): Effect of high temperature on the apparent activation energy of respiration of fresh produce. Postharvest Biology Technology, 37: 277–285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2005.05.001
 
Patil G.G., Oi R., Gissinger A., Moe R. (2001): Plant morphology is affected by light quality selective plastic films and alternating day and night temperature. Gartenbauwissenschaft, 66: 53–60. (in German)
 
Ranwala A.P. (1992): Soluble and wall-bound invertases in strawberry fruit. Plant Science, 84: 59–64.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-9452(92)90208-4
 
Verheul M.J., Sønsteby A., Grimstad S.O. (2007): Influences of day and night temperatures on flowering of Fragaria × ananassa Duch., cvs. Korona and Elsanta, at different photoperiods. Scientia Horticulturae, 112: 200–206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2006.12.022
 
Wang S. (2001): The influence of temperature on strawberry plant growth and fruit quality. Neuropsychology, 15: 315–328.
 
Yan Y., Lei B., Wang L., Bie Z. (2010): Effects of different day and night temperature on the growth and quality of hydroponic lettuce. Journal of Changjiang Vegetables, 24: 39–42. (in Chinese)
 
Yuan X. (2016): Effect of day/night temperature difference on chlorophyll content, photosynthesis and fluorescence parameters of tomato at fruit stage. Photosynthetica, 54: 475–477. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11099-016-0202-1
 
Zhou Y., Guo D., Zhu Z., Qian Q. (2005): Effects of in vitro rooting environments and irradiance on growth and photosynthesis of strawberry plantlets during acclimatization. Plant Cell Tissue & Organ Culture, 81: 105–108.
 
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti