Selection of cut flower species affected promotion of flowering and stem elongation by far-red lighting or heating treatments on end of day under limited sunshine from autumn to winter

https://doi.org/10.17221/174/2018-HORTSCICitation:

Takemura Y., Kishimoto M., Tamura F. (2020): Selection of cut flower species affected promotion of flowering and stem elongation by far-red lighting or heating treatments on end of day under limited sunshine from autumn to winter. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 47: 169–179.

supplementary materialdownload PDF

The effect of a brief exposure to treatments of end-of-day (EOD) far-red (FR) light and EOD-heating on flowering and stem elongation in certain species cultivated in areas with limited sunshine from autumn to winter has been investigated. Thirteen EOD-FR treated cultivars among all 24 cultivars tested in experiment 1, showed earlier flowering than control plants. Additionally, Kanzaki No.21, F1 Winter cherry and Gypsy deep rose were earlier to flower under the all night-FR treatment than under the EOD-FR treatment. Further, 13 cultivars among all cultivars tested in experiment 1 showed greater stem length, whereas 16 cultivars of them showed greater mean internode length than controls when treated with EOD-FR. The days to flowering in 13 cultivars treated by EOD-Heating, flowering was earlier than in controls. Also, stem length and mean internode length were also promoted by the same treatment in 7 cultivars. Additionally, flowering and stem elongation of Stella rose, Arizona sun, Suzuhime and Extra carmine rose were promoted by a combination of both treatments, and productivity and quality were improved. These results suggest that the treatments tested can help the production of cut-flowers in areas with limited sunshine from autumn to winter, although the method of application of the treatments must be optimized for each species.

References:
Beall F.D., Yeung E.C., Pharis R.P. (1996): Far-red light stimulates internode elongation, cell division, cell elongation, and gibberellin levels in bean. Canadian Journal of Botany, 74: 743–752. https://doi.org/10.1139/b96-093
 
Douzono M., Hisamatsu T., Ohmiya A., Ichimura K., Shibata M. (2012a): Effect of end-of-day heating treatment in low growth-temperature environment on growth and flowering in spray-type chrysanthemum. Horticultural Research (Japan), 11: 505–513. (in Japanese). https://doi.org/10.2503/hrj.11.505
 
Douzono M., Kando T., Hisamatsu T., Ohmiya A., Ichimura K., Shibata M. (2012b): Effect of end-of-day heating treatment on floral initiation and development in Tagetes erecta. Horticultural Research (Japan), 11: 553–559. (in Japanese) https://doi.org/10.2503/hrj.11.553
 
Furuya M. (1993): Phytochromes: Their molecular species, gene families, and functions. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 44: 617–645. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.pp.44.060193.003153
 
Gilbert I., Shavers G., Jarvis P., Smith H. (1995): Photomorphogenesis and canopy dynamic. Phytochrome-mediated proximity perception accounts for the growth dynamic of canopies of Populus trichocarpa × deltoids ‘Beaupre’. Plant Cell and Environment, 18: 475–497. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.1995.tb00549.x
 
Hori Y., Nishidate K., Nishiyama M., Kanahama K., Kanayama Y. (2011): Flowering and expression of flowering-related genes under long-day conditions with light-emitting diodes. Planta, 234: 321–330. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-011-1397-9
 
Islam M.D., Tarkowska D., Clarke J.L., Blystad D.R., Gislerød H.R., Torre S., Olsen J.E. (2014): Impact of end-of-day red and far-red light on plant morphology and hormone physiology in poinsettia. Scientia Horticulturae, 174: 77–86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2014.05.013
 
Kasperbauer M.J. (1971): Spectral distribution of light in tobacco canopy & effects of end-of-daylight quality on growth and development. Plant Physiology, 47: 775–778.
 
Kasperbauer M.J., Peaslee D.E. (1973): Morphology and photosynthetic efficiency of tobacco leaves that received end-of-day red and far red light during development. Plant Physiology, 52: 440–442. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.52.5.440
 
Kasperbauer M.J., Hunt P.G., Sojka R.E. (1984): Photosynthate partitioning and nodule formation in soybean plants that received red or far-red light at the end of the photosynthetic period. Physiologia Plantarum, 61: 549–554. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1984.tb05168.x
 
Lund J.B., Blom T.J., Aaslyng J.M. (2007): End-of-day lighting with different red/far-red ratios using lightemitting diodes affects plant growth of Chrysanthemum × morifolium Ramat. ‘Coral charm’. HortScience, 42: 1609–1611. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.42.7.1609
 
Proctor J.T.A. (1973): Developmental changes in radish caused by brief end-of-day exposures to far-red radiation. Canadian Journal of Botany, 51: 1075–1077. https://doi.org/10.1139/b73-132
 
Sato T., Kudo N., Moriyama T., Ohkawa H., Kanayama Y., Kanahama K. (2009): Acceleration of flowering of Eustoma grandiflorum in early winter by day-extension treatments with far-red rich bulb-type fluorescent lamps. Horticultural Research (Japan), 8: 327–334. (in Japanese). https://doi.org/10.2503/hrj.8.327
 
Sumitomo K., Yamagata A., Shima K., Kishimoto M., Hisamatsu T. (2009): Effect of end-of-day far-red light treatment on flowering and stem elongation in certain cut flowers. Bulletin of the National Institute of Floricultural Science, 9: 1–11. (in Japanese).
 
Takemura Y., Kuroki K., Aida N., Maeda K., Kishimoto M., Tamura F. (2014): Effect of far-red light and heating treatment at end of day on growth of Eustoma grandiflorum (Raf.) Shinn. Horticultural Research (Japan), 10: 87–92. (in Japanese).
 
Takemura Y., Kuroki K., Katou M., Kishimoto M., Tsuji W., Nishihara E., Tamura F. (2015): Gene expression changes triggered by end-of-day far-red light treatment on early developmental stages of Eustoma grandiflorum (Raf.) Shinn. Scientific Reports, 5: 17864. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep17864
 
Xiong J.Q., Patil G.G., Moe R., Torre S. (2011): Effects of diurnal temperature alternations and light quality on growth, morphogenesis and carbohydrate content of Cucumis sativus L. Scientia Horticulturae, 128: 54–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.12.013
 
Yamada A., Tanigawa T., Suyama T., Matsuno T., Kunitake T. (2008): Night break treatment using different types of light sources promotes or delays growth and flowering of Eustoma grandiflorum (Raf) Shinn. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science, 77: 69–74.
 
Wu K., Li L., Gage D.A., Zeevaart J.A.D. (1996): Molecular cloning and photoperiod-regulated expression of gibberellin 20-oxidase from the long-day plant spinach. Plant Physiology, 110: 547–554. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.110.2.547
 
supplementary materialdownload PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti