Water deficit effects on grapevine woody tissue pigmentations

https://doi.org/10.17221/186/2015-HORTSCICitation:Grossi D., Rustioni L., Simone Di Lorenzo G., Failla O., Brancadoro L. (2016): Water deficit effects on grapevine woody tissue pigmentations. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 43: 188-194.
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Water availability is an important environmental factor in viticulture. In a climate change context, vineyard management should be adapted to the new conditions. Drought-resistant rootstocks need to be selected. In this paper, reflectance spectroscopy is proposed as a new method to characterize the water stress effects on woody section pigmentations. Cabernet Sauvignon grafted on 4 different rootstocks (140Ru, 420A, M2 and M3) represented the plant material. Greenhouse controlled conditions allowed the comparison of well-watered (WW) and water-stressed (WS) plants. The physiological responses were characterized concerning daily water consumption, stem water potential, gas exchange, and plant growth. The water use efficiency was calculated and discussed as well. Spectroscopy analyses of woody sections indicated a major absorption band probably related to phenolic derivatives. Water stress produced characteristic spectrum modifications both in the Cabernet Sauvignon stem and in the rootstock xylem. These preliminary results encourage further studies addressed at the evaluation of drought-resistant genotypes, to distinguish their stress responses and to characterize the compositional aspects linked to drought tolerance.
References:
Centinari M., Filippetti I., Bauerle T., Allegro G., Valentin G., Poni S. (2014): Cover crop water use in relation to vineyard floor management practices. Wine & Viticulture Journal, 64: 522–526.
 
Chaves M.M., Santos T.P., Souza C.R., Ortuño M.F., Rodrigues M.L., Lopes C.M., Maroco J.P., Pereira J.S. (2007): Deficit irrigation in grapevine improves water-use efficiency while controlling vigour and production quality. Annals of Applied Biology, 150, 237-252  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.2006.00123.x
 
Chaves M. M., Zarrouk O., Francisco R., Costa J. M., Santos T., Regalado A. P., Rodrigues M. L., Lopes C. M. (): Grapevine under deficit irrigation: hints from physiological and molecular data. Annals of Botany, 105, 661-676  https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcq030
 
Flexas J., Baron M., Bota J., Ducruet J.-M., Galle A., Galmes J., Jimenez M., Pou A., Ribas-Carbo M., Sajnani C., Tomas M., Medrano H. (): Photosynthesis limitations during water stress acclimation and recovery in the drought-adapted Vitis hybrid Richter-110 (V. berlandierixV. rupestris). Journal of Experimental Botany, 60, 2361-2377  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erp069
 
FLEXAS J., GALMÉS J., GALLÉ A., GULÍAS J., POU A., RIBAS-CARBO M., TOMÀS M., MEDRANO H. (2010): Improving water use efficiency in grapevines: potential physiological targets for biotechnological improvement. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 16, 106-121  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-0238.2009.00057.x
 
Hannah L., Roehrdanz P. R., Ikegami M., Shepard A. V., Shaw M. R., Tabor G., Zhi L., Marquet P. A., Hijmans R. J. (): Climate change, wine, and conservation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 6907-6912  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1210127110
 
Higuchi Takayoshi, Ito Takashi, Umezawa Toshiaki, Hibino Takashi, Shibata Daisuke (1994): Red-brown color of lignified tissues of transgenic plants with antisense CAD gene: Wine-red lignin from coniferyl aldehyde. Journal of Biotechnology, 37, 151-158  https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1656(94)90006-X
 
Hochberg Uri, Degu Asfaw, Fait Aaron, Rachmilevitch Shimon (2013): Near isohydric grapevine cultivar displays higher photosynthetic efficiency and photorespiration rates under drought stress as compared with near anisohydric grapevine cultivar. Physiologia Plantarum, 147, 443-452  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2012.01671.x
 
Klumpers J, Janin G, Becker M, Lévy G (1993): The influences of age, extractive content and soil water on wood color in oak: the possible genetic determination of wood color. annales des sciences forestières, 50, 403s-409s  https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:19930746
 
Medrano Hipólito, Pou Alicia, Tomás Magdalena, Martorell Sebastià, Gulias Javier, Flexas Jaume, Escalona José M. (2012): Average daily light interception determines leaf water use efficiency among different canopy locations in grapevine. Agricultural Water Management, 114, 4-10  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2012.06.025
 
Medrano Hipólito, Tomás Magdalena, Martorell Sebastiá, Escalona José-Mariano, Pou Alicia, Fuentes Sigfredo, Flexas Jaume, Bota Josefina (2015): Improving water use efficiency of vineyards in semi-arid regions. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 35, 499-517  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-014-0280-z
 
Meggio F., Prinsi B., Negri A.S., Simone Di Lorenzo G., Lucchini G., Pitacco A., Failla O., Scienza A., Cocucci M., Espen L. (2014): Biochemical and physiological responses of two grapevine rootstock genotypes to drought and salt treatments. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 20, 310-323  https://doi.org/10.1111/ajgw.12071
 
Pou Alícia, Medrano Hipólito, Tomàs Magdalena, Martorell Sebastià, Ribas-Carbó Miquel, Flexas Jaume (2012): Anisohydric behaviour in grapevines results in better performance under moderate water stress and recovery than isohydric behaviour. Plant and Soil, 359, 335-349  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-012-1206-7
 
Pouzoulet J., Pivovaroff A.L., Santiago L.S., Rolshausen P.E. (2013): Can vessel dimension explain tolerance toward fungal vascular wilt diseases in woody plants? Lessons from Dutch elm disease and esca disease in grapevine. Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology, 54: 297–302.
 
Rajaei Homa, Yazdanpanah Parisa, Dadbin Marjan, Haghighi Ali Akbar Kamgar, Sepaskhah Ali Reza, Eslamzadeh Tahereh (2013): Comparison of root anatomy and xylem vessel structure in rain-fed and supplementary irrigated ‘Yaghooti-Syah Shiraz’ grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology, 54, 297-302  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13580-013-0079-x
 
Reicosky D.C., Forcella F. (1998): Cover crop and soil quality interactions in agroecosystems. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 53: 224–229.
 
Rocchi L., Rustioni L., Failla O. (2015): Chlorophyll and carotenoid quantifications in white grape (Vitis vinifera L.) skins by Reflectance Spectroscopy. Vitis, 55: 11–16.
 
Rustioni Laura, Basilico Roberto, Fiori Simone, Leoni Alessandra, Maghradze David, Failla Osvaldo (2013): Grape Colour Phenotyping: Development of a Method Based on the Reflectance Spectrum. Phytochemical Analysis, 24, 453-459  https://doi.org/10.1002/pca.2434
 
Rustioni Laura, Milani Clara, Parisi Simone, Failla Osvaldo (2015): Chlorophyll role in berry sunburn symptoms studied in different grape (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivars. Scientia Horticulturae, 185, 145-150  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2015.01.029
 
Rustioni Laura, Rocchi Letizia, Guffanti Eugenio, Cola Gabriele, Failla Osvaldo (2014): Characterization of Grape ( Vitis vinifera L.) Berry Sunburn Symptoms by Reflectance. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 62, 3043-3046  https://doi.org/10.1021/jf405772f
 
Schmidt J.A., Heitner C. (1993): Use of UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for chromophore research on wood fibers: a review. Tappi Journal, 76: 117–123.
 
Serra I., Strever A., Myburgh P.A., Deloire A. (2014): Review: the interaction between rootstocks and cultivars ( Vitis vinifera  L.) to enhance drought tolerance in grapevine. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 20, 1-14  https://doi.org/10.1111/ajgw.12054
 
Sommer K.J., Hancock F., Downey M.O. (2010): Resilience of Sultana (Vitis Vinfera) to drought and subsequent recovery: field evaluation of nine rootstock scion combinations. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 31: 181–185.
 
Tagar A., Chandio F.A., Mari I.A., Wagan B. (2012): Comparative study of drip and furrow irrigation methods at farmer’s field in Umarkot. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 6: 785–789.
 
Waterhouse A.L., Laurie V.F. (2006): Oxidation of wine phenolics: a critical evaluation and hypotheses. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 57: 306–313.
 
Centinari M., Filippetti I., Bauerle T., Allegro G., Valentin G., Poni S. (2014): Cover crop water use in relation to vineyard floor management practices. Wine & Viticulture Journal, 64: 522–526.
 
Chaves M.M., Santos T.P., Souza C.R., Ortuño M.F., Rodrigues M.L., Lopes C.M., Maroco J.P., Pereira J.S. (2007): Deficit irrigation in grapevine improves water-use efficiency while controlling vigour and production quality. Annals of Applied Biology, 150, 237-252  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.2006.00123.x
 
Chaves M. M., Zarrouk O., Francisco R., Costa J. M., Santos T., Regalado A. P., Rodrigues M. L., Lopes C. M. (): Grapevine under deficit irrigation: hints from physiological and molecular data. Annals of Botany, 105, 661-676  https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcq030
 
Flexas J., Baron M., Bota J., Ducruet J.-M., Galle A., Galmes J., Jimenez M., Pou A., Ribas-Carbo M., Sajnani C., Tomas M., Medrano H. (): Photosynthesis limitations during water stress acclimation and recovery in the drought-adapted Vitis hybrid Richter-110 (V. berlandierixV. rupestris). Journal of Experimental Botany, 60, 2361-2377  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erp069
 
FLEXAS J., GALMÉS J., GALLÉ A., GULÍAS J., POU A., RIBAS-CARBO M., TOMÀS M., MEDRANO H. (2010): Improving water use efficiency in grapevines: potential physiological targets for biotechnological improvement. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 16, 106-121  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-0238.2009.00057.x
 
Hannah L., Roehrdanz P. R., Ikegami M., Shepard A. V., Shaw M. R., Tabor G., Zhi L., Marquet P. A., Hijmans R. J. (): Climate change, wine, and conservation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 6907-6912  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1210127110
 
Higuchi Takayoshi, Ito Takashi, Umezawa Toshiaki, Hibino Takashi, Shibata Daisuke (1994): Red-brown color of lignified tissues of transgenic plants with antisense CAD gene: Wine-red lignin from coniferyl aldehyde. Journal of Biotechnology, 37, 151-158  https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1656(94)90006-X
 
Hochberg Uri, Degu Asfaw, Fait Aaron, Rachmilevitch Shimon (2013): Near isohydric grapevine cultivar displays higher photosynthetic efficiency and photorespiration rates under drought stress as compared with near anisohydric grapevine cultivar. Physiologia Plantarum, 147, 443-452  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2012.01671.x
 
Klumpers J, Janin G, Becker M, Lévy G (1993): The influences of age, extractive content and soil water on wood color in oak: the possible genetic determination of wood color. annales des sciences forestières, 50, 403s-409s  https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:19930746
 
Medrano Hipólito, Pou Alicia, Tomás Magdalena, Martorell Sebastià, Gulias Javier, Flexas Jaume, Escalona José M. (2012): Average daily light interception determines leaf water use efficiency among different canopy locations in grapevine. Agricultural Water Management, 114, 4-10  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2012.06.025
 
Medrano Hipólito, Tomás Magdalena, Martorell Sebastiá, Escalona José-Mariano, Pou Alicia, Fuentes Sigfredo, Flexas Jaume, Bota Josefina (2015): Improving water use efficiency of vineyards in semi-arid regions. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 35, 499-517  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-014-0280-z
 
Meggio F., Prinsi B., Negri A.S., Simone Di Lorenzo G., Lucchini G., Pitacco A., Failla O., Scienza A., Cocucci M., Espen L. (2014): Biochemical and physiological responses of two grapevine rootstock genotypes to drought and salt treatments. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 20, 310-323  https://doi.org/10.1111/ajgw.12071
 
Pou Alícia, Medrano Hipólito, Tomàs Magdalena, Martorell Sebastià, Ribas-Carbó Miquel, Flexas Jaume (2012): Anisohydric behaviour in grapevines results in better performance under moderate water stress and recovery than isohydric behaviour. Plant and Soil, 359, 335-349  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-012-1206-7
 
Pouzoulet J., Pivovaroff A.L., Santiago L.S., Rolshausen P.E. (2013): Can vessel dimension explain tolerance toward fungal vascular wilt diseases in woody plants? Lessons from Dutch elm disease and esca disease in grapevine. Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology, 54: 297–302.
 
Rajaei Homa, Yazdanpanah Parisa, Dadbin Marjan, Haghighi Ali Akbar Kamgar, Sepaskhah Ali Reza, Eslamzadeh Tahereh (2013): Comparison of root anatomy and xylem vessel structure in rain-fed and supplementary irrigated ‘Yaghooti-Syah Shiraz’ grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology, 54, 297-302  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13580-013-0079-x
 
Reicosky D.C., Forcella F. (1998): Cover crop and soil quality interactions in agroecosystems. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 53: 224–229.
 
Rocchi L., Rustioni L., Failla O. (2015): Chlorophyll and carotenoid quantifications in white grape (Vitis vinifera L.) skins by Reflectance Spectroscopy. Vitis, 55: 11–16.
 
Rustioni Laura, Basilico Roberto, Fiori Simone, Leoni Alessandra, Maghradze David, Failla Osvaldo (2013): Grape Colour Phenotyping: Development of a Method Based on the Reflectance Spectrum. Phytochemical Analysis, 24, 453-459  https://doi.org/10.1002/pca.2434
 
Rustioni Laura, Milani Clara, Parisi Simone, Failla Osvaldo (2015): Chlorophyll role in berry sunburn symptoms studied in different grape (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivars. Scientia Horticulturae, 185, 145-150  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2015.01.029
 
Rustioni Laura, Rocchi Letizia, Guffanti Eugenio, Cola Gabriele, Failla Osvaldo (2014): Characterization of Grape ( Vitis vinifera L.) Berry Sunburn Symptoms by Reflectance. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 62, 3043-3046  https://doi.org/10.1021/jf405772f
 
Schmidt J.A., Heitner C. (1993): Use of UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for chromophore research on wood fibers: a review. Tappi Journal, 76: 117–123.
 
Serra I., Strever A., Myburgh P.A., Deloire A. (2014): Review: the interaction between rootstocks and cultivars ( Vitis vinifera  L.) to enhance drought tolerance in grapevine. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 20, 1-14  https://doi.org/10.1111/ajgw.12054
 
Sommer K.J., Hancock F., Downey M.O. (2010): Resilience of Sultana (Vitis Vinfera) to drought and subsequent recovery: field evaluation of nine rootstock scion combinations. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 31: 181–185.
 
Tagar A., Chandio F.A., Mari I.A., Wagan B. (2012): Comparative study of drip and furrow irrigation methods at farmer’s field in Umarkot. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 6: 785–789.
 
Waterhouse A.L., Laurie V.F. (2006): Oxidation of wine phenolics: a critical evaluation and hypotheses. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 57: 306–313.
 
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