Effects of different light intensities on anti-oxidative enzyme activity, quality and biomass in lettuce
Fu Weiguo, Li Pingping, Wu Yanyou, Tang Jianjianhttps://doi.org/10.17221/192/2011-HORTSCICitation:Weiguo F., Pingping L., Yanyou W., Jianjian T. (2012): Effects of different light intensities on anti-oxidative enzyme activity, quality and biomass in lettuce. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 39: 129-134.
Recently, the worldwide demand for romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) has been increasing. Thus, regulation measures of supplementary or shading light are often used in the production of lettuce in some regions. However, inconsistent results on the light saturation point of lettuce from previous studies do not facilitate the regulation of light intensity. In the present study, the effects of different light intensities on anti-oxidative enzyme activity, yield and quality of lettuce were investigated. The results reveal the following: (1) judged by the dynamics of anti-oxidative enzyme activity, there was no light stress to occurr in the 100, 200 and 400 μmol/m2s treatments, a mild light stress occurred in the 600 μmol/m2s treatment, and a serious light stress occurred in the 800 μmol/m2s treatment; (2) increased light intensity gradually reduced the contents of soluble protein and nitrate in lettuce, whereas the content of soluble sugar remarkably increased. The biomass of a single plant of lettuce in the 600 µmol/m2streatment was the highest and second highest in the 400 µmol/m2streatment but was the lowest in the 100 µmol/m2s treatment. No significant difference in the biomass of single plant was observed between the 400 and 600 µmol/m2s treatments. Based on these results, the range of 400 µmol/m2s to 600 µmol/m2s is a recommendablelight intensity for lettuce production.Keywords:
environmental stress; superoxide radicals; yield; vegetable