Improving phosphorus use efficiency for snap bean production by optimizing application rate

https://doi.org/10.17221/229/2014-HORTSCICitation:Liu G.D., Morgan K., Hogue B., Li Y.C., Sui D. (2015): Improving phosphorus use efficiency for snap bean production by optimizing application rate. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 42: 94-101.
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Phosphorus (P) is essential for crop production. Adequate application P rate is critical for enhancing productivity and profitability of snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). The goal of this study was to optimize P application rate for commercial snap bean production in south Florida. Six trials were conducted on sandy soils and muck soils in Hendry County and Palm Beach County, Florida, USA. Before planting cv. Caprice snap bean, plots were fertilized with different P application rates in the form of triple superphosphate (0-45-0).  An increase in P2O5 application rates up to 134 kg/ha P2O5 significantly increased the marketable bean yields. However, beyond that point, significant field gains did not occur with further increased application. At 134 kg/ha P2O5, bean appearance quality was the best compared to the other treatments. These results indicate that 134 kg/ha P2O5 produced best bean appearance quality and was the optimum rate for commercial production of snap bean in high-pH soils in south Florida.
References:
Abelson P. H. (): A Potential Phosphate Crisis. Science, 283, 2015-2015  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.283.5410.2015
 
Alva A.K., Obreza T.A. (1993): Variation in soil pH and calcium status influenced by microsprinkler wetting pattern for young citrus trees. HortScience, 28: 1166–1167.
 
Antille Diogenes L., Sakrabani Ruben, Godwin Richard J. (): Effects of Biosolids-Derived Organomineral Fertilizers, Urea, and Biosolids Granules on Crop and Soil Established with Ryegrass ( Lolium perenne  L.). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 45, 1605-1621  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2013.875205
 
Cordell Dana, Drangert Jan-Olof, White Stuart (2009): The story of phosphorus: Global food security and food for thought. Global Environmental Change, 19, 292-305  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.10.009
 
Eckert D. J., Watson M. E. (1996): Integrating the mehlich‐3 extractant into existing soil test interpretation schemes 1. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 27, 1237-1249  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103629609369629
 
Elwak W.M., Mossler M.A. (2012): Florida Crop/Pest Management Profiles: Snap Beans. Pesticide Information Office, Agronomy Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Available at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pi032
 
Epstein E., Bloom A.J. (2005): Mineral Nutrition of plants: Principles and Perspectives. 2nd Ed. Sunderland, Sinauer Associates, Inc.
 
FDACS (2011): Florida Agricultural Crop Facts and Statistics Overview. Tallahassee, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Availabe at http://www.florida-agriculture.com/brochures/P-01304.pdf (accessed Aug 20, 2014).
 
Grego S. (2001): Phosphate Primer. Florida Industrial and Phosphate Research Institute. Available at http://www.fipr.state.fl.us/about-us/phosphate-primer/introduction-phosphate-as-an-essential-mineral/ (accessed April 21, 2015).
 
Hall D. (2009): Water repellence. Managing South Coast Sandplain soils to yield potential. Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia, Bulletin 4773: 48–63.
 
Hallett P.D. (2008): A brief overview of the causes, impacts and amelioration of soil water repellency: A review. Soil and Water Research, 3: S21–S29.
 
Hanlon E.A., Gonzalez J.S., Bartos J.M. (1994): Standard determination of Ca, Mg, P, K, Na, Mn, Cu, Fe, Zn, and B in plant tissue. In: Hanlon E.A. et al. (eds): IFAS Extension Soil Testing Laboratory Chemical Procedures and Training Manual. Cir 812. Gainesville, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS, University of Florida.
 
Hochmuth G., Hanlon E. (2013): A Summary of N, P, and K Research with Snap Bean in Florida. Available at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/cv234 (accessed Aug 20, 2014).
 
Hubbard M.R. (2001): Statistical Quality Control for the Food Industry. 2nd Ed. Caithersburg, Aspen Publishers, Inc.
 
Liu G.D., Simonne E.H., Hochmuth G.J. (2013): Soil and Fertilizer Management for Vegetable Production in Florida. Available at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/CV/CV10100.pdf (accessed Oct 2, 2014).
 
Liu G.D., Sui D., Li Y.C. (2012): Optimizing phosphorus rate for the sustainability of commercial snap bean production in South Florida. Proceedings of Florida State Horticutural Society, 125: 158–161.
 
Maynard D.N., Hockmuth G.J. (2013): Knott’s Handbook for Vegetable Growers (5th Ed.). Hoboken, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
 
McCormick Paul V., Newman Susan, Vilchek Les W. (2009): Landscape responses to wetland eutrophication: loss of slough habitat in the Florida Everglades, USA. Hydrobiologia, 621, 105-114  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-008-9635-2
 
Muñoz-Carpena R., Ritter A., Li Y.C. (2005): Dynamic factor analysis of groundwater quality trends in an agricultural area adjacent to Everglades National Park. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 80, 49-70  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2005.07.003
 
Munter R. C., Halverson T. L., Anderson R. D. (): Quality assurance for plant tissue analysis by ICP‐AES. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 15, 1285-1322  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103628409367559
 
Olson S.M., Simonne E. (2007): Vegetable Production Handbook for Florida 2006–2007. Gainesville, UF-IFAS.
 
Payne G., Bennett T., Weaver K. (2003): Development of a numeric phosphorus criterion for the Everglades Protection Area. Chapter 5. In: 2002 Everglades Consolidated Report. South Florida Water Management District, West Palm Beach.
 
Raghothama K. G. (1999): PHOSPHATE ACQUISITION. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 50, 665-693  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.50.1.665
 
SAS Institute (2009): SAS/STAT User’s Guide. Version 9.1.3. Cary, SAS Inst.
 
Sato Shinjiro, Morgan Kelly T., Ozores-Hampton Monica, Simonne Eric H. (2009): Spatial and Temporal Distributions in Sandy Soils with Seepage Irrigation: II. Phosphorus and Potassium. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 73, 1053-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2008.0114
 
Schroder J.L, Zhang H., Richards J.R. Payton M.E. (2009): Interlaboratory validation of the Mehlich III method as a universal extractant for plant nutrients. Journal of AOAC International, 92: 995–1008.
 
Sims J.T. (1989): Comparison of mehlich 1 and mehlich 3 extractants for P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Cu and Zn in atlantic coastal plain soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 20: 1707–1726.
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (1993): Methods for chemical analysis of water and wastes. Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory Cincinnati, OH, Report Number: EPA/600/R-93/100.
 
USDA (2002): Snap Bean: Shipping Point and Market Inspection Instructions. U.S. Standards for Grades of Snap Beans, Section 51.3829. Available at http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=STELPRDC5098288
 
USDA (2012): Agricultural Prices. Available at http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/fertilizer-use-and-price.aspx#26727 (accessed Aug 20, 2014).
 
Abelson P. H. (): A Potential Phosphate Crisis. Science, 283, 2015-2015  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.283.5410.2015
 
Alva A.K., Obreza T.A. (1993): Variation in soil pH and calcium status influenced by microsprinkler wetting pattern for young citrus trees. HortScience, 28: 1166–1167.
 
Antille Diogenes L., Sakrabani Ruben, Godwin Richard J. (): Effects of Biosolids-Derived Organomineral Fertilizers, Urea, and Biosolids Granules on Crop and Soil Established with Ryegrass ( Lolium perenne  L.). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 45, 1605-1621  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2013.875205
 
Cordell Dana, Drangert Jan-Olof, White Stuart (2009): The story of phosphorus: Global food security and food for thought. Global Environmental Change, 19, 292-305  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.10.009
 
Eckert D. J., Watson M. E. (1996): Integrating the mehlich‐3 extractant into existing soil test interpretation schemes 1. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 27, 1237-1249  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103629609369629
 
Elwak W.M., Mossler M.A. (2012): Florida Crop/Pest Management Profiles: Snap Beans. Pesticide Information Office, Agronomy Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Available at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pi032
 
Epstein E., Bloom A.J. (2005): Mineral Nutrition of plants: Principles and Perspectives. 2nd Ed. Sunderland, Sinauer Associates, Inc.
 
FDACS (2011): Florida Agricultural Crop Facts and Statistics Overview. Tallahassee, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Availabe at http://www.florida-agriculture.com/brochures/P-01304.pdf (accessed Aug 20, 2014).
 
Grego S. (2001): Phosphate Primer. Florida Industrial and Phosphate Research Institute. Available at http://www.fipr.state.fl.us/about-us/phosphate-primer/introduction-phosphate-as-an-essential-mineral/ (accessed April 21, 2015).
 
Hall D. (2009): Water repellence. Managing South Coast Sandplain soils to yield potential. Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia, Bulletin 4773: 48–63.
 
Hallett P.D. (2008): A brief overview of the causes, impacts and amelioration of soil water repellency: A review. Soil and Water Research, 3: S21–S29.
 
Hanlon E.A., Gonzalez J.S., Bartos J.M. (1994): Standard determination of Ca, Mg, P, K, Na, Mn, Cu, Fe, Zn, and B in plant tissue. In: Hanlon E.A. et al. (eds): IFAS Extension Soil Testing Laboratory Chemical Procedures and Training Manual. Cir 812. Gainesville, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS, University of Florida.
 
Hochmuth G., Hanlon E. (2013): A Summary of N, P, and K Research with Snap Bean in Florida. Available at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/cv234 (accessed Aug 20, 2014).
 
Hubbard M.R. (2001): Statistical Quality Control for the Food Industry. 2nd Ed. Caithersburg, Aspen Publishers, Inc.
 
Liu G.D., Simonne E.H., Hochmuth G.J. (2013): Soil and Fertilizer Management for Vegetable Production in Florida. Available at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/CV/CV10100.pdf (accessed Oct 2, 2014).
 
Liu G.D., Sui D., Li Y.C. (2012): Optimizing phosphorus rate for the sustainability of commercial snap bean production in South Florida. Proceedings of Florida State Horticutural Society, 125: 158–161.
 
Maynard D.N., Hockmuth G.J. (2013): Knott’s Handbook for Vegetable Growers (5th Ed.). Hoboken, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
 
McCormick Paul V., Newman Susan, Vilchek Les W. (2009): Landscape responses to wetland eutrophication: loss of slough habitat in the Florida Everglades, USA. Hydrobiologia, 621, 105-114  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-008-9635-2
 
Muñoz-Carpena R., Ritter A., Li Y.C. (2005): Dynamic factor analysis of groundwater quality trends in an agricultural area adjacent to Everglades National Park. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 80, 49-70  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2005.07.003
 
Munter R. C., Halverson T. L., Anderson R. D. (): Quality assurance for plant tissue analysis by ICP‐AES. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 15, 1285-1322  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103628409367559
 
Olson S.M., Simonne E. (2007): Vegetable Production Handbook for Florida 2006–2007. Gainesville, UF-IFAS.
 
Payne G., Bennett T., Weaver K. (2003): Development of a numeric phosphorus criterion for the Everglades Protection Area. Chapter 5. In: 2002 Everglades Consolidated Report. South Florida Water Management District, West Palm Beach.
 
Raghothama K. G. (1999): PHOSPHATE ACQUISITION. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 50, 665-693  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.50.1.665
 
SAS Institute (2009): SAS/STAT User’s Guide. Version 9.1.3. Cary, SAS Inst.
 
Sato Shinjiro, Morgan Kelly T., Ozores-Hampton Monica, Simonne Eric H. (2009): Spatial and Temporal Distributions in Sandy Soils with Seepage Irrigation: II. Phosphorus and Potassium. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 73, 1053-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2008.0114
 
Schroder J.L, Zhang H., Richards J.R. Payton M.E. (2009): Interlaboratory validation of the Mehlich III method as a universal extractant for plant nutrients. Journal of AOAC International, 92: 995–1008.
 
Sims J.T. (1989): Comparison of mehlich 1 and mehlich 3 extractants for P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Cu and Zn in atlantic coastal plain soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 20: 1707–1726.
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (1993): Methods for chemical analysis of water and wastes. Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory Cincinnati, OH, Report Number: EPA/600/R-93/100.
 
USDA (2002): Snap Bean: Shipping Point and Market Inspection Instructions. U.S. Standards for Grades of Snap Beans, Section 51.3829. Available at http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=STELPRDC5098288
 
USDA (2012): Agricultural Prices. Available at http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/fertilizer-use-and-price.aspx#26727 (accessed Aug 20, 2014).
 
Abelson P. H. (): A Potential Phosphate Crisis. Science, 283, 2015-2015  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.283.5410.2015
 
Alva A.K., Obreza T.A. (1993): Variation in soil pH and calcium status influenced by microsprinkler wetting pattern for young citrus trees. HortScience, 28: 1166–1167.
 
Antille Diogenes L., Sakrabani Ruben, Godwin Richard J. (): Effects of Biosolids-Derived Organomineral Fertilizers, Urea, and Biosolids Granules on Crop and Soil Established with Ryegrass ( Lolium perenne  L.). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 45, 1605-1621  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2013.875205
 
Cordell Dana, Drangert Jan-Olof, White Stuart (2009): The story of phosphorus: Global food security and food for thought. Global Environmental Change, 19, 292-305  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.10.009
 
Eckert D. J., Watson M. E. (1996): Integrating the mehlich‐3 extractant into existing soil test interpretation schemes 1. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 27, 1237-1249  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103629609369629
 
Elwak W.M., Mossler M.A. (2012): Florida Crop/Pest Management Profiles: Snap Beans. Pesticide Information Office, Agronomy Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Available at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pi032
 
Epstein E., Bloom A.J. (2005): Mineral Nutrition of plants: Principles and Perspectives. 2nd Ed. Sunderland, Sinauer Associates, Inc.
 
FDACS (2011): Florida Agricultural Crop Facts and Statistics Overview. Tallahassee, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Availabe at http://www.florida-agriculture.com/brochures/P-01304.pdf (accessed Aug 20, 2014).
 
Grego S. (2001): Phosphate Primer. Florida Industrial and Phosphate Research Institute. Available at http://www.fipr.state.fl.us/about-us/phosphate-primer/introduction-phosphate-as-an-essential-mineral/ (accessed April 21, 2015).
 
Hall D. (2009): Water repellence. Managing South Coast Sandplain soils to yield potential. Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia, Bulletin 4773: 48–63.
 
Hallett P.D. (2008): A brief overview of the causes, impacts and amelioration of soil water repellency: A review. Soil and Water Research, 3: S21–S29.
 
Hanlon E.A., Gonzalez J.S., Bartos J.M. (1994): Standard determination of Ca, Mg, P, K, Na, Mn, Cu, Fe, Zn, and B in plant tissue. In: Hanlon E.A. et al. (eds): IFAS Extension Soil Testing Laboratory Chemical Procedures and Training Manual. Cir 812. Gainesville, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS, University of Florida.
 
Hochmuth G., Hanlon E. (2013): A Summary of N, P, and K Research with Snap Bean in Florida. Available at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/cv234 (accessed Aug 20, 2014).
 
Hubbard M.R. (2001): Statistical Quality Control for the Food Industry. 2nd Ed. Caithersburg, Aspen Publishers, Inc.
 
Liu G.D., Simonne E.H., Hochmuth G.J. (2013): Soil and Fertilizer Management for Vegetable Production in Florida. Available at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/CV/CV10100.pdf (accessed Oct 2, 2014).
 
Liu G.D., Sui D., Li Y.C. (2012): Optimizing phosphorus rate for the sustainability of commercial snap bean production in South Florida. Proceedings of Florida State Horticutural Society, 125: 158–161.
 
Maynard D.N., Hockmuth G.J. (2013): Knott’s Handbook for Vegetable Growers (5th Ed.). Hoboken, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
 
McCormick Paul V., Newman Susan, Vilchek Les W. (2009): Landscape responses to wetland eutrophication: loss of slough habitat in the Florida Everglades, USA. Hydrobiologia, 621, 105-114  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-008-9635-2
 
Muñoz-Carpena R., Ritter A., Li Y.C. (2005): Dynamic factor analysis of groundwater quality trends in an agricultural area adjacent to Everglades National Park. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 80, 49-70  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2005.07.003
 
Munter R. C., Halverson T. L., Anderson R. D. (): Quality assurance for plant tissue analysis by ICP‐AES. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 15, 1285-1322  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103628409367559
 
Olson S.M., Simonne E. (2007): Vegetable Production Handbook for Florida 2006–2007. Gainesville, UF-IFAS.
 
Payne G., Bennett T., Weaver K. (2003): Development of a numeric phosphorus criterion for the Everglades Protection Area. Chapter 5. In: 2002 Everglades Consolidated Report. South Florida Water Management District, West Palm Beach.
 
Raghothama K. G. (1999): PHOSPHATE ACQUISITION. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 50, 665-693  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.50.1.665
 
SAS Institute (2009): SAS/STAT User’s Guide. Version 9.1.3. Cary, SAS Inst.
 
Sato Shinjiro, Morgan Kelly T., Ozores-Hampton Monica, Simonne Eric H. (2009): Spatial and Temporal Distributions in Sandy Soils with Seepage Irrigation: II. Phosphorus and Potassium. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 73, 1053-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2008.0114
 
Schroder J.L, Zhang H., Richards J.R. Payton M.E. (2009): Interlaboratory validation of the Mehlich III method as a universal extractant for plant nutrients. Journal of AOAC International, 92: 995–1008.
 
Sims J.T. (1989): Comparison of mehlich 1 and mehlich 3 extractants for P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Cu and Zn in atlantic coastal plain soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 20: 1707–1726.
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (1993): Methods for chemical analysis of water and wastes. Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory Cincinnati, OH, Report Number: EPA/600/R-93/100.
 
USDA (2002): Snap Bean: Shipping Point and Market Inspection Instructions. U.S. Standards for Grades of Snap Beans, Section 51.3829. Available at http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=STELPRDC5098288
 
USDA (2012): Agricultural Prices. Available at http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/fertilizer-use-and-price.aspx#26727 (accessed Aug 20, 2014).
 
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