Morphological variation of male A. arguta plants affects their flowering potential and pollen efficiency A., Łata B., Bieniasz M., Latocha P. (2020): Morphological variation of male A. arguta plants affects their flowering potential and pollen efficiency. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 47: 100-109.
download PDF

Actinidia arguta (Siebold et Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq. is functionally a cryptic dioecious plant and successful pollination is crucial for achieving high quality fruit. The extent and bases of morphological variability in female genotypes have been well studied, but here we focus on the males. Mature plants of seven male A. arguta genotypes were studied in 2016 and 2017 during which a suite of phenological and morphological features was measured on ten randomly chosen one-year-old canes on each plant. This analysis was complemented by two other, specialized measures potentially related to pollination efficiency, namely pollen quality, and quantity. The time of bud break was similar each year across all genotypes and the pollen quality was uniformly very high (viability – 95.0–99.9% and germination – 89.0–97.3%). However, the ten genotypes exhibited high variability in both the number of flowers per inflorescence and pollen quantity, indicating marked differences in their flowering potential and efficiency as pollinizers. The male kiwiberry indicators developed in this study – flowering potential and pollen efficiency, appear to be effective tools for the comparative evaluation of male A. arguta genotypes.

Abreu I., Oliveira M. (2004): Fruit production in kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) using preserved pollen. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 55: 565–569.
Alexander M.P. (1969): Differential staining of aborted and nonaborted pollen. Stain Technology, 44: 117–122.
Asakura I., Hoshino Y. (2016): Distribution, ploidy levels, and fruit characteristics of three Actinidia species native to Hokkaido, Japan. The Horticulture Journal, 85: 105–114.
Asakura I., Hoshino Y. (2017): Endosperm-derived triploid plant regeneration in diploid Actinidia kolomikta, a cold-hady kiwifruit relative. Scientia Horticulturae, 219: 53–59.
Bieniasz M., Necas T., Dziedzic E., Ondrasek I., Pawłowska B. (2017): Evaluation of pollen quality and self-fertility in selected cultivars of Asian and European pears. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici, 45: 375–382.
Bogačiovienė S., Česonienė L., Ercisli S., Valatavičius A., Jakštys B., Šatkauskas S., Paulauskas A. (2019): Ploidy levels and genetic diversity of Actinidia arguta (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq., A. kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim., A. callosa Lindl., and A. melanandra Franch., accessions. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 66: 1107–1118.
Borghezan M., Clauman A.D., Steinmacher D.A., Guerra M.P., Orth A.I. (2011): In vitro viability and preservation of pollen kiwi (Actinidia chinensis var. deliciosa (A. Chev). Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, 11: 338–344.
Česonienė L., Viškelis P. (2007): Evaluation of fruiting potential and berry quality of kolomikta kiwi (Actinidia kolomikta). Scientific Works of the Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture and Lithuanian University of Agriculture. Sodininkystė ir Daržininkystė, 26: 31–39.
Costa G., Testolin R., Vizzotto G. (1993): Kiwifruit pollination: An unbiased estimate of wind and bee contribution. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 21: 189–195.
de Jong T.J., Batenburg J.C., Klinkhamer P.G.L. (2005): Distance-dependent pollen limitation of seed set in some insect-pollinated dioecious plants. Acta Oecologica, 28: 331–335.
Ferguson A.R., Huang H. (2016): Cytology, ploidy, and ploidy manipulation. In: Testolin R., Huang H-W., Ferguson A.R. (eds): The Kiwifruit Genome, Compendium of Plant Genomes. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag: 55–64.
Fraser L.G., McNeilage M. (2016): Reproductive Biology. In: Testolin R., Huang H-W., Fergusson A.R. (eds): The Kiwifruit Genome, Compendium of Plant Genomes. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag: 65–84.
Gill M. (2014): Pollen storage and viability. International Journal of Botany and Research, 4: 1–18.
Howpage D., Spooner-Hart R.N., Vithanage V. (2001): Influence of honey bee (Apis mellifera) on kiwifruit pollination and fruit quality under Australian conditions. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 29: 51–59.
Jie Z., Thorp T.G. (1986): Morphology of nine pistillate and three staminate New Zealand clones of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.) C.F. Liang et A.R. Ferguson var. deliciosa). New Zealand Journal of Botany, 24: 589–613.
Katakoa I., Mizugami T., Kim J.G., Beppu K., Fukuda T., Sugahara S., Tanaka K., Satoh H., Tozawa K. (2010): Ploidy variation of hardy kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta) resources and geographic distribution in Japan. Scientia Horticulturae, 124: 409–414.
Kawagoe T., Suzuki N. (2004): Cryptic dioecy in Actinidia polygama: a test of the pollinator attraction hypothesis. Canadian Journal of Botany, 82: 214–218.
Kim C-W., Kim S.H., Kim M-J., Park Y. (2014): Classification of genus Actinidia according to flower morphological characteristics. Journal of Apiculture, 29: 287–292.
Kim J-H., Park Y., Kim S-H. (2016): Flowering time, amount of pollen and characteristics of pollen germination of A. arguta male flower. Journal of Apiculture, 31: 373–378.
Latocha P. (2017a): MiniKiwi uprawa w warunkach Polski. Plantpress. (In Polish).
Latocha P. (2017b): The nutritional and health benefits of kiwiberry (Actinidia arguta) – a Review. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 72: 325–334.
Marcelletti S., Ferrante P., Pettriccione M., Firrao G., Scortichini M. (2011): Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae draft genomes comparison reveal strain-specific features involved in adaptation and virulence to Actinidia species. Public Library of Science ONE 6(11), e27297.
McNeilage M. (1991): Gender variation in A. deliciosa, the kiwifruit. Sexual Plant Reproduction, 4: 267–273.
Mizugami T., Kim J., Beppu K., Fukuda T., Kataoka I. (2007): Observation of parthenocarpy in Actinidia arguta selection ‘Issai’. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 753: 199–204.
Sáez A., Negri P., Viel M., Aizen M.A. (2019): Pollination efficiency of artificial and bee pollination practices in kiwifruit. Scientia Horticulturae, 246: 1017–1021.
Seal A.G., Dunn J.K., De Silva H.N., McGhie T.K., Lunken R.C.M. (2013a): Choice of pollen parent affects red flesh colour in seedlings of diploid Actinidia chinensis (kiwifruit). New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 41: 207–218.
Seal A.G., Dunn J.K., Jia Y.L. (2013b): Pollen parent effects on fruit attributes of diploid Actinidia chinensis ‘Hort16A’ kiwifruit. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 41: 219–229.
Snowball A.M. (1997): Seasonal cycle of shoot development in selected Actinidia species. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 25: 221–231.
Stasiak A., Latocha P., Drzewiecki J., Hallmann E., Najman K., Leontowicz H., Leontowicz M., Łata B. (2019): The choice of female or male parent affects some biochemical characteristics of fruit or seed of kiwiberry (Actinidia arguta). Euphytica, 215: 52.
Stasiak A., Stefaniak J., Łata B., Latocha P. (2017): Efficiency of A. arguta (Siebold et Zucc.) Planch. ex. Miq. pollination using A. deliciosa pollen. Journal of International Scientific Publications Agricultural & Food, 5: 178–187.
Strik B. (2005): Growing kiwifruit, PNW 507, Oregon State University Extension Service. Available at
Tiyayon Ch., Strik B. (2003a): Effect of fruiting cane origin on fruitfulness of hardy kiwifruit, Actinidia arguta. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 31: 179–186.
Tiyayon Ch., Strik B. (2003b): Flowering and fruiting morphology of hardy kiwifruit, A. arguta. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 610: 171–176.
Tiyayon Ch., Strik B. (2004): Influence of time of overhead shading on yield, fruit quality,and subsequent flowering of hardy kiwifruit, Actinidia arguta. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 32: 235–241.
Tontou R., Giovanardi D., Stefani E. (2014): Pollen as a possible pathway for the dissemination of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae and bacterial canker of kiwifruit. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 53: 333–339.
Ushiyama K., Suyama K., Kita N., Aono N., Fujii H. (1992): Isolation of kiwifruit canker pathogen, Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae from leaf sport of tara vine (Actinidia arguta Planch.). Japanese Journal of Phytopathology, 58: 476–479.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti