Evaluation of several dessert cultivars of plum, new under climatic conditions of Poland

https://doi.org/10.17221/38/2016-HORTSCICitation:Glowacka A., Rozpara E. (2017): Evaluation of several dessert cultivars of plum, new under climatic conditions of Poland. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 44: 126-132.
download PDF
An experiment was established in the spring of 2006 in the Experimental Orchard in Dąbrowice (central Poland). The plum cultivars under assessment included: ‘Avalon’, ‘Edda’, ‘Excalibur’, ‘Jubileum’, ‘Mallard’ and ‘Reeves’. Trees of the cv. ‘Victoria’ were the control combination. On the basis of the eight-year study it was found that the most vigorously growing were trees of the cultivar ‘Excalibur’. The most susceptible to frost damage and infection by Chondrostereum purpureum (silver leaf) were trees of the cultivars ‘Edda’ and ‘Excalibur’. In addition, the cv. ‘Excalibur’ was characterized by high susceptibility to the Plum pox virus (sharka). The highest cumulative fruit yield was shown by the cultivar ‘Jubileum’. The worst fruiting were trees of the cultivar ‘Mallard’. Fruits of the cv. ‘Excalibur’ had the highest weight. The smallest were fruits of the cv. ‘Edda’ characterized by early ripening time. The highest amounts of soluble solids were contained in fruits of the cultivar ‘Avalon’. The cvs ‘Edda’, ‘Reeves’ and ‘Avalon’ proved suitable for cultivation in Polish climatic conditions.
References:
Anderson R.L., Okie D. (1997): Plums. In: Brooks and Olmo Register of Fruit and Nut Varieties. 3rd edition. ASHS Press: 584–627.
 
Blažek J., Pištěková I. (2009): Preliminary evaluation of new plum cultivars in a dense planting. Horticultural Science, 36: 45–54.
 
Blažek J., Pištěková I. (2012): INITIAL RESULTS FROM THE EVALUATION OF PLUM CULTIVARS GROWN IN A VERY DENSE PLANTING. Acta Horticulturae, , 99-108  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.968.13
 
FAOSTAT (2013): Available at www.faostat3.fao.org
 
Grabowski M. (1999): Choroby drzew owocowych (Fruit trees diseases). Plantpress. Kraków: 30–31.
 
Grzyb Z.S., Rozpara E. (1998): PLUM PRODUCTION IN POLAND. Acta Horticulturae, , 19-24  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1998.478.1
 
Iliev P., Stoev A. (2002): REACTION OF SOME PLUM CULTIVARS TO SHARKA VIRUS (PLUM POX VIRUS, PPV-M STRAIN). Acta Horticulturae, , 73-77  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2002.577.9
 
Jones R. (1989): Plum Breeding. AFRC Institute of Horticultural Research. Annual Report, 1988: 32.
 
Hjeltnes S.H. (1994): PLUM BREEDING IN NORWAY - PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE. Acta Horticulturae, , 63-68  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1994.359.7
 
Hodun G., Hodun M., Grzyb Z. S. (1998): THE PROMISING PLUM CULTIVARS EVALUATED IN THE FIELD COLLECTION AT SKIERNIEWICE, POLAND. Acta Horticulturae, , 193-198  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1998.478.30
 
Kemp H., Wustenberghs H. (1998): SCREENING OF PLUMS AND PRUNES FOR FRESH CONSUMPTION, 1988–1997.. Acta Horticulturae, , 207-216  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1998.478.33
 
Malinowski Tadeusz, Rozpara Elżbieta, Grzyb Zygmunt S. (2013): Evaluation of the Susceptibility of Several Plum (Prunus Domestica L.) Cultivars to Plum Pox Virus (Ppv) Infection in the Field. Sharka-Like Symptoms Observed on 'Jojo' Fruit are Not Related to PPV. Journal of Horticultural Research, 21, -  https://doi.org/10.2478/johr-2013-0008
 
Meland Mekjell (2005): High density planting systems of European plums – the effect of growth and productivity of three cultivars after nine years. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil & Plant Science, 55, 51-57  https://doi.org/10.1080/09064710510008676
 
Meland M. (2010): Performance of six European plum cultivars on four plum rootstocks growing in a northern climate. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B –Soil & Plant Science, 60, Issue 4: 381–387.
 
Meland M., Moe M.E. (2007): EARLY PERFORMANCE OF FOUR PLUM ROOTSTOCKS TO SIX EUROPEAN PLUM CULTIVARS GROWING IN A NORTHERN CLIMATE. Acta Horticulturae, , 235-241  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.734.29
 
Ogašanović D, Trajkovski V., Milinković V., Niketić L. (2006): Performance of new Swedish plum cultivars under the agroecological conditions of Serbia. First EUFRIN Plum and Prune Working Group Meeting. Holovousy (Czech Republic): 173–177.
 
Perczak J. (2006): Metodyka badania wartości gospodarczej odmian (WGO), odrębności, wyrównania i trwałości (OWT) roślin uprawnych. Śliwa (Assessment of variety value for cultivation and use (VCU), testing for uniformity, distinctness and stability (DUS) of crops. Plum, Research Centre for Cultivar Testing COBORU Słupia Wielka, II: 1–26.
 
Preda S., Tarasescu F., Poenaru S. (2012): PLUM POX VIRUS IMPACT IN ROMANIAN PLUM PRODUCTION. Acta Horticulturae, , 181-186  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.968.25
 
Redalen G. (2002): PLUM GROWING IN NORWAY, AT 60o N. Acta Horticulturae, , 385-389  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2002.577.66
 
Rozpara E., Grzyb Z.S. (1998): GROWTH AND YIELDING OF SOME PLUM CULTIVARS GRAFTED ON WANGENHEIM PRUNE SEEDLINGS. Acta Horticulturae, , 91-94  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1998.478.12
 
Rozpara E., Grzyb Z.S. (2007): GROWTH, YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF EIGHTEEN PLUM CULTIVARS GRAFTED ON TWO ROOTSTOCKS. Acta Horticulturae, , 157-161  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.734.18
 
Rozpara E., Głowacka A., Grzyb Z.S. (2010): THE GROWTH AND YIELDS OF EIGHT PLUM CULTIVARS GRAFTED ON TWO ROOTSTOCKS IN CENTRAL POLAND. Acta Horticulturae, , 255-260  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2010.874.35
 
Sekse L. (2007): PLUM PRODUCTION IN NORWAY. Acta Horticulturae, , 23-28  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.734.1
 
Vangdal Eivind (2009): Quality Criteria for Fruit for Fresh Consumption. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, 35, 41-47  https://doi.org/10.1080/00015128509435757
 
Vangdal E., Flatland S., Nordbo R. (2007): Fruit quality changes during marketing of new plum cultivars (Prunus domestica L.). Horticultural Science, 34: 91–95.
 
Verhoeven J.Th.J., De Haas A.M., Roenhorst J.W. (1998): Outbreak and eradication of plum pox potyvirus in the Netherlands. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 472: 407–412.
 
Werlemark G. (1995): Jubileum. In: Sortar förädlade vid Balsgard 1943–1994. Institutionen för hortikuturell växtförädling – SLU: 43.
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences