Sensory typology of apples used to evaluate scab-resistant cultivars as compared to known commercial apples
The aim of this work was to verify a comparative procedure for evaluating apple cultivars based on typology and comparing the sensory features of the examined cultivars during cold storage and simulated shelf-life. The procedure was applied experimentally to compare scab-resistant apples to known commercial cultivars. The procedure consisted of four sensory profiling analyses of internal apple characteristics: after two and four months of cold storage and after an additional ten days of shelf-life following each cold storage period. Eleven sensory attributes were evaluated at each timing, resulting in four general types of apple cultivars indicated and the cultivar storability over long cold storage time and shelf-life rated. The study was performed on 8 scab-resistant and 14 commercial apple cultivars evaluated over two consecutive years. The examined cultivars were then segmented into six groups of different sensory characteristics, which allowed for indicating those scab-resistant cultivars which might replace the conventional ones of equivalent sensory features.
Bonany J., Buehler A., Carbó J., Codarin S., Donati F., Echeverria G., Egger S., Guerra W., Hilaire C., Höller I., Iglesias I., Jesionkowska K., Konopacka D., Kruczyńska D., Martinelli A., Pitiot C., Sansavini S., Stehr R., Schoorl F. (2013): Consumer eating quality acceptance of new apple varieties in different European countries. Food Quality and Preference, 30, 250-259 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2013.06.004
Bonany J., Brugger C., Buehler A., Carbó J., Codarin S., Donati F., Echeverria G., Egger S., Guerra W., Hilaire C., Höller I., Iglesias I., Jesionkowska K., Konopacka D., Kruczyńska D., Martinelli A., Petiot C., Sansavini S., Stehr R., Schoorl F. (2014): Preference mapping of apple varieties in Europe. Food Quality and Preference, 32, 317-329 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2013.09.010
Daillant-Spinnler B., MacFie H.J.H., Beyts P.K., Hedderley D. (1996): Relationships between perceived sensory properties and major preference directions of 12 varieties of apples from the Southern Hemisphere. Food Quality and Preference, 7, 113-126 https://doi.org/10.1016/0950-3293(95)00043-7
Harker F.Roger, Gunson F.Anne, Jaeger Sara R. (2003): The case for fruit quality: an interpretive review of consumer attitudes, and preferences for apples. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 28, 333-347 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(02)00215-6
Jönsson Å., Tahir I. (2004): Evaluation of scab resistant apple cultivars in Sweden. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research, 12 (Special Issue): 223–232.
Konopacka Dorota, Kaczmarek Urszula, Matulska Aneta, Wawrzyńczak Anna, Kruczyńska Dorota, Rutkowski Krzysztof P. (2012): The Comparison of Sensory Quality and Processing Potential of ‘Topaz’ Apples Grown in Organic Orchards and Orchards Managed in Integrated Production System. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research, 20, - https://doi.org/10.2478/v10290-012-0015-7
Kühn B.F, Thybo A.K (2001): Sensory quality of scab-resistant apple cultivars. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 23, 41-50 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(01)00091-6
Popper R. (1998): Consumer segmentation in sensory research. In: Measurement of Consumer Attitudes and their Influence on Food Choice, Report series from EU project AIR-CAT: 34–38.
Prognosfruit (2013): European apple and pear crop forecast, August 2013. Available at http://www.ovocnarska-unie.cz/pdf/european_apple_and_pear_crop_forecast_2013.pdf
Sansavini S., Donati F., Costa F., Tartarini S. (2004): Advances in apple breeding for enhanced fruit quality and resistance to biotic stresses: new varieties for the European market. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research, 12 (Special Issue): 13–52.
Seppä Laila, Railio Jenna, Vehkalahti Kimmo, Tahvonen Risto, Tuorila Hely (2013): Hedonic Responses and Individual Definitions of an Ideal Apple as Predictors of Choice. Journal of Sensory Studies, 28, 346-357 https://doi.org/10.1111/joss.12059
Stone H., Sidel J.L. (1985): Sensory Evaluation Practices. London, Academic Press.
Tomala Kazimierz, Baryłko-Pikielna Nina, Jankowski Paweł, Jeziorek Kamil, Wasiak-Zys Grażyna (2009): Acceptability of scab-resistant versus conventional apple cultivars by Polish adult and young consumers. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 89, 1035-1045 https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3551