Aspects influencing the rootstock – scion performance during long term evaluation in pear orchard

https://doi.org/10.17221/55/2017-HORTSCICitation:Mészáros M., Laňar L., Kosina J., Náměstek J. (2019): Aspects influencing the rootstock – scion performance during long term evaluation in pear orchard. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 46: 1-8.
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During 1999–2016, the performance of ‘Red Bartlett’, ‘Conference’ and ‘Beurré Alexander Lucas’ grafted on four pear (Pyrus) rootstocks OH × F 69, OH × F 87, OH × F 230, OH × F 333 and on quince (Cydonia) rootstock BA 29 was evaluated at the RBIP Holovousy Ltd. For each combination, trunk cross-section area, cumulative yield, yield efficiency and mean fruit weight were assessed. The growth vigour of the scion cultivars on OH × F rootstocks was similar or slightly higher comparing to the growth on BA 29. Throughout the years, the growth vigor and productivity of the rootstock combinations may change. Less vigorous combinations of rootstock/scion were linked with higher yields in young trees, but usually with just moderate yields in later seasons. By contrast, combinations with higher growth vigour had usually higher yields in the later seasons. This balance is genotype specific, where aside of rootstock an important role is played by the scion cultivar vigour. The bearing precocity may be influenced by the cultivar as well. The results can vary with different climatic conditions and orchard management.

 

References:
Alonso J.M., Gómez-Aparisi J., Ansón J.M., Espiau M.T., Carrera M. (2011): EVALUATION OF THE OHXF SELECTIONS AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO QUINCE ROOTSTOCKS FOR PEAR: AGRONOMICAL PERFORMANCE OF 'CONFERENCE' AND 'DOYENNÉ DU COMICE'. Acta Horticulturae, , 451-455 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.903.61
 
Brewer L.R., Palmer J.W. (2011): GLOBAL PEAR BREEDING PROGRAMMES: GOALS, TRENDS AND PROGRESS FOR NEW CULTIVARS AND NEW ROOTSTOCKS. Acta Horticulturae, , 105-119 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.909.10
 
Brooks A.L. (1984): History of the Old Home × Farmingdale Pear Rootstocks. Fruit Varieties Journal, 38: 126–128.
 
Carrera M., Espiau M.T., Gómez-Apari J. (2005): PEAR ROOTSTOCK TRIAL: BEHAVIOR OF ‘CONFERENCE’ AND ‘DOYENNÉ DU COMICE’ ON TWO QUINCE AND FIVE OHXF SELECTIONS. Acta Horticulturae, , 481-484 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.671.68
 
Costes E., Lauri P.E., Regnard J.L. (2006): Analyzing fruit tree architecture: implications for tree management and fruit production. Horticultural Reviews, 32: 1–61.
 
Costes E., García-Villanueva E. (2007): Clarifying the Effects of Dwarfing Rootstock on Vegetative and Reproductive Growth during Tree Development: A Study on Apple Trees. Annals of Botany, 100, 347-357 https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcm114
 
Dietz J.H. (1997): Neue Probleme bei Birnen-Unterlagen. Deutsche Baumschule 5: 278–279.
 
Elkins R.B., Castagnoli S., Embree C., Parra-Quezada R., Robinson T.L., Smith T.J., Ingels C.A. (2011): Evaluation of potential rootstocks to improve pear tree precocity and productivity, Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 909: 183–194.
 
Felipe de Mendiburu (2017): Agricolae: Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. R package version 1.2-8. Available at https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=agricolae
 
Fischer M. (2007): NEW PEAR ROOTSTOCKS FROM DRESDEN-PILLNITZ. Acta Horticulturae, , 239-245 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.732.34
 
Iglesias I., Asin L. (2005): PERFORMANCE OF ‘CONFERENCE’ PEAR ON SELF-ROOTED TREES AND SEVERAL OLD HOME × FARMINGDALE, SEEDLING AND QUINCE ROOTSTOCKS IN SPAIN. Acta Horticulturae, , 485-491 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.671.69
 
Iglesias I., Batlle I. (2011): AGRONOMICAL PERFORMANCE AND FRUIT QUALITY OF 'CONFERENCE' ON SOME CYDONIA AND PYRUS ROOTSTOCKS. Acta Horticulturae, , 195-200 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.909.20
 
Jacob H.B. (2002): NEW PEAR ROOTSTOCKS FROM GEISENHEIM, GERMANY. Acta Horticulturae, , 337-344 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2002.596.52
 
Kosina J. (1997): Effect of quince rootstocks on growth and yields of some pear cultivars in the first years after planting. Vědecké práce ovocnářské, 15: 33–39.
 
Kosina J. (2011): Evaluation of pear rootstocks in an orchard. Horticultural Science, 30, 56-58 https://doi.org/10.17221/3815-HORTSCI
 
Kosina J. (2008): EVALUATION OF SELECTED OHXF PEAR ROOTSTOCKS IN THE ORCHARD. Acta Horticulturae, , 691-694 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.800.93
 
Lauri P. É., Lespinasse J. M. and Térouanne É. (1997): Vegetative growth and reproductive strategies in apple fruiting branches: an investigation into various cultivars. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 451: 717–724.
 
Maas F. (2015): EVALUATION OF YIELD EFFICIENCY AND WINTER HARDINESS OF QUINCE ROOTSTOCKS FOR 'CONFERENCE' PEAR. Acta Horticulturae, , 93-101 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1094.8
 
Massai R., Loreti F., Fei C. (2008): GROWTH AND YIELD OF 'CONFERENCE' PEARS GRAFTED ON QUINCE AND PEAR ROOTSTOCKS. Acta Horticulturae, , 617-624 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.800.82
 
Mészáros M., Kosina J., Laňar L., Náměstek J. (2013): Evaluation of growing characteristics of four pear cultivars on selected rootstocks. Vědecké práce ovocnářské, 23:179–188.
 
Mészáros M., Kosina J., Laňar L., Náměstek J. (2016): Long-term evaluation of growth and yield of Stanley and Cacanska lepotica plum cultivars on selected rootstocks. Horticultural Science, 42, 22-28 https://doi.org/10.17221/192/2014-HORTSCI
 
Webster A. D. (1995): Rootstock and interstock effects on deciduous fruit tree vigour, precocity, and yield productivity. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 23, 373-382 https://doi.org/10.1080/01140671.1995.9513913
 
Webster A.D. (1998): A BRIEF REVIEW OF PEAR ROOTSTOCK DEVELOPMENT. Acta Horticulturae, , 135-142 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1998.475.16
 
Wertheim S.J. (1998): Rootstock Guide: Apple, Pear, Cheery, European Plum. Wilhelminadorp, Fruit Research Station.
 
Alonso J.M., Gómez-Aparisi J., Ansón J.M., Espiau M.T., Carrera M. (2011): EVALUATION OF THE OHXF SELECTIONS AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO QUINCE ROOTSTOCKS FOR PEAR: AGRONOMICAL PERFORMANCE OF 'CONFERENCE' AND 'DOYENNÉ DU COMICE'. Acta Horticulturae, , 451-455 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.903.61
 
Brewer L.R., Palmer J.W. (2011): GLOBAL PEAR BREEDING PROGRAMMES: GOALS, TRENDS AND PROGRESS FOR NEW CULTIVARS AND NEW ROOTSTOCKS. Acta Horticulturae, , 105-119 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.909.10
 
Brooks A.L. (1984): History of the Old Home × Farmingdale Pear Rootstocks. Fruit Varieties Journal, 38: 126–128.
 
Carrera M., Espiau M.T., Gómez-Apari J. (2005): PEAR ROOTSTOCK TRIAL: BEHAVIOR OF ‘CONFERENCE’ AND ‘DOYENNÉ DU COMICE’ ON TWO QUINCE AND FIVE OHXF SELECTIONS. Acta Horticulturae, , 481-484 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.671.68
 
Costes E., Lauri P.E., Regnard J.L. (2006): Analyzing fruit tree architecture: implications for tree management and fruit production. Horticultural Reviews, 32: 1–61.
 
Costes E., García-Villanueva E. (2007): Clarifying the Effects of Dwarfing Rootstock on Vegetative and Reproductive Growth during Tree Development: A Study on Apple Trees. Annals of Botany, 100, 347-357 https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcm114
 
Dietz J.H. (1997): Neue Probleme bei Birnen-Unterlagen. Deutsche Baumschule 5: 278–279.
 
Elkins R.B., Castagnoli S., Embree C., Parra-Quezada R., Robinson T.L., Smith T.J., Ingels C.A. (2011): Evaluation of potential rootstocks to improve pear tree precocity and productivity, Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 909: 183–194.
 
Felipe de Mendiburu (2017): Agricolae: Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. R package version 1.2-8. Available at https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=agricolae
 
Fischer M. (2007): NEW PEAR ROOTSTOCKS FROM DRESDEN-PILLNITZ. Acta Horticulturae, , 239-245 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.732.34
 
Iglesias I., Asin L. (2005): PERFORMANCE OF ‘CONFERENCE’ PEAR ON SELF-ROOTED TREES AND SEVERAL OLD HOME × FARMINGDALE, SEEDLING AND QUINCE ROOTSTOCKS IN SPAIN. Acta Horticulturae, , 485-491 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.671.69
 
Iglesias I., Batlle I. (2011): AGRONOMICAL PERFORMANCE AND FRUIT QUALITY OF 'CONFERENCE' ON SOME CYDONIA AND PYRUS ROOTSTOCKS. Acta Horticulturae, , 195-200 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.909.20
 
Jacob H.B. (2002): NEW PEAR ROOTSTOCKS FROM GEISENHEIM, GERMANY. Acta Horticulturae, , 337-344 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2002.596.52
 
Kosina J. (1997): Effect of quince rootstocks on growth and yields of some pear cultivars in the first years after planting. Vědecké práce ovocnářské, 15: 33–39.
 
Kosina J. (2011): Evaluation of pear rootstocks in an orchard. Horticultural Science, 30, 56-58 https://doi.org/10.17221/3815-HORTSCI
 
Kosina J. (2008): EVALUATION OF SELECTED OHXF PEAR ROOTSTOCKS IN THE ORCHARD. Acta Horticulturae, , 691-694 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.800.93
 
Lauri P. É., Lespinasse J. M. and Térouanne É. (1997): Vegetative growth and reproductive strategies in apple fruiting branches: an investigation into various cultivars. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 451: 717–724.
 
Maas F. (2015): EVALUATION OF YIELD EFFICIENCY AND WINTER HARDINESS OF QUINCE ROOTSTOCKS FOR 'CONFERENCE' PEAR. Acta Horticulturae, , 93-101 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1094.8
 
Massai R., Loreti F., Fei C. (2008): GROWTH AND YIELD OF 'CONFERENCE' PEARS GRAFTED ON QUINCE AND PEAR ROOTSTOCKS. Acta Horticulturae, , 617-624 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.800.82
 
Mészáros M., Kosina J., Laňar L., Náměstek J. (2013): Evaluation of growing characteristics of four pear cultivars on selected rootstocks. Vědecké práce ovocnářské, 23:179–188.
 
Mészáros M., Kosina J., Laňar L., Náměstek J. (2016): Long-term evaluation of growth and yield of Stanley and Cacanska lepotica plum cultivars on selected rootstocks. Horticultural Science, 42, 22-28 https://doi.org/10.17221/192/2014-HORTSCI
 
Webster A. D. (1995): Rootstock and interstock effects on deciduous fruit tree vigour, precocity, and yield productivity. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 23, 373-382 https://doi.org/10.1080/01140671.1995.9513913
 
Webster A.D. (1998): A BRIEF REVIEW OF PEAR ROOTSTOCK DEVELOPMENT. Acta Horticulturae, , 135-142 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1998.475.16
 
Wertheim S.J. (1998): Rootstock Guide: Apple, Pear, Cheery, European Plum. Wilhelminadorp, Fruit Research Station.
 
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