The results of the investigation of morphogenesis and productivity characteristics of Cucumis sativus parthenocarpic hybrids Marinda and Kurazh in ontogenesis in greenhouses under the thermic films are presented. The thermic films have IR- and UV-shielding properties at the expense of coating with nanoparticles of copper compounds (film TF1) and compounds of silver and copper (film TF2) on the surface of films by magnetron sputtering. It is shown that thermic films contributed to levelling of day and night temperatures. The use of the film TF1 favoured seeds germination, activation of plant growth and development, shortening of period of the fruiting beginning and increase in productivity of hybrid Marinda by 13% and hybrid Kurazh by 35%. The use of the film TF2 led to inhibition of growth processes of both hybrids and decrease in their productivity.
Arboli I.M. (2000): Plastics as cover for greenhouses and small tunnels. Plasticulture, 1: 15–25.
Brown R.P. (2004): Polymers in agriculture and horticulture. Rapra Review Reports, 15: 1–92.
Caldwell M.M., Flint S.D., Searles P.S. (1994): Spectral balance and UV-B sensitivity of soybean: a field experiment. Plant, Cell & Environment,17: 267–276.
del Amor Francisco M., López-Marín Josefa, González Alberto (2008): Effect of Photoselective Sheet and Grafting Technique on Growth, Yield, and Mineral Composition of Sweet Pepper Plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 31, 1108-1120 https://doi.org/10.1080/01904160802115557
Ekebafe L.O., Ogbeifun D.E., Okieimen F.E. (2011): Polymer applications in agriculture. Nigerian Society for Experimental Biology, 23: 81–89.
Espí E., Salmerón A., Catalina F. (2000): Thermic films: concepts, compounds and harvest. Revista de Plasticos Modernos, 80: 305–316.
Espi E. (2006): PLastic Films for Agricultural Applications. Journal of Plastic Film and Sheeting, 22, 85-102 https://doi.org/10.1177/8756087906064220
Komarova N.V., Kamentsev J.S. (2006): Practical guidance on the use of capillary electrophoresis systems «Kapel». St. Petersburg, LTD «Veda» Publishing.
Krizek Donald T., Mirecki Roman M., Britz Steven J. (1997): Inhibitory effects of ambient levels of solar UV-A and UV-B radiation on growth of cucumber. Physiologia Plantarum, 100, 886-893 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1997.tb00014.x
Laverde German (2002): Agricultural Films: Types and Applications. Journal of Plastic Film and Sheeting, 18, 269-277 https://doi.org/10.1177/8756087902034748
Marcelis Leo F. M., Hofman-Eijer Lutske R. Baan (1993): Effect of temperature on the growth of individual cucumber fruits. Physiologia Plantarum, 87, 321-328 https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.1993.870311.x
Max J.F.J., Schurr U., Tantau H.-J., Mutwiwa U.N., Hofmann T., Ulbrich A. (2012): Greenhouse Cover Technology. Horticultural Reviews, 40: 259–396.
Minich A.S., Minich I.B., Zelen’chukova N.S., Raida V.S. (2010): Osobennosti rosta i produktivnosty u gibridov ogurza pri vyraschivanii pod fotoluminescentnoj i gidrofil’noj pljonkami. Sel’skokhozyaistvennaya biologiya, 1: 81–85.
Raida V.S., Ivanitsky A.E., Minich A.S., Tolstikov G.A. (2003): Fluorescent polymer films – filters-solar radiation converters intended to regulate plant growth and development. In: Matvienko G.G., Lukin V.P. (eds): Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering Ninth Joint International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics. Part II: Laser Sensing Atmospheric Physics. Tomsk, June 24–28, 2003: 197–200.
Semida W., Hadley P., Sobeih W., El-Sawah N., Barakat M. (2013): The influence of thermic plastic films on vegetative and reproductive growth of iceberg lettuce ‘Dublin’. International Journal of Agricultural, Biosystems Science and Engineering, 7: 129–134.
Sicora С., Szilárd А., Sass L., Turcsányi E., Máté Z., Vass I. (2006): UV-B and UV-A Radiation Effects on Photosynthesis at the Molecular Level. Earth and Environmental Sciences, 57: 121–135.
Teramura Alan H., Sullivan Joe H. (1994): Effects of UV-B radiation on photosynthesis and growth of terrestrial plants. Photosynthesis Research, 39, 463-473 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00014599
Tsormpatsidis E., Henbest R.G.C., Battey N.H., Hadley P. (2010): The influence of ultraviolet radiation on growth, photosynthesis and phenolic levels of green and red lettuce: potential for exploiting effects of ultraviolet radiation in a production system. Annals of Applied Biology, 156, 357-366 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.2010.00393.x
Zakharov A. N., Kovsharov N. F., Oskomov K. V., Rabotkin S. V., Solovyev A. A., Sochugov N. S. (2012): Properties of low-emission coatings based on Ag and Cu deposited on polymer film by magnetron sputtering. Inorganic Materials: Applied Research, 3, 433-439 https://doi.org/10.1134/S2075113312050206