Ploidy identification of doubled chromosome number plants in Viola × wittrockiana Gams. M 1-generation
I. Ajalin, F. Kobza, J. Doleželhttps://doi.org/10.17221/4468-HORTSCICitation:Ajalin I., Kobza F., Doležel J. (2002): Ploidy identification of doubled chromosome number plants in Viola × wittrockiana Gams. M 1-generation. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 29: 35-40.
The aim of this study was to develop a protocol for production of polyploid M1-generation plants of Viola × wittrockiana Gams. Two variants of colchicine treatment were compared for their efficiency. Early detection of novel ploidy levels was achieved by screening of stomata size, leaf index value (leaf blade length/width), and other morphological characteristics of the M1-generation. Secondary screening for novel ploidy levels was performed by flow cytometry (FCM). Hexadecaploid, aneuploid, and mixoploid plants were successfully identified by FCM.Keywords:
flow cytometry; polyploidisation; colchicine; hexadecaploids; polyploidisation efficiency; morphological characteristics; Viola × wittrockiana Gams.