Effect of infection by viruses on vegetative and reproductive growth of sweet cherry on Damil and Inmil rootstocks
D. Andersone, H. Wustenberghs, N.C. Cook, J. Keulemanshttps://doi.org/10.17221/4471-HORTSCICitation:Andersone D., Wustenberghs H., Cook N.C., Keulemans J. (2002): Effect of infection by viruses on vegetative and reproductive growth of sweet cherry on Damil and Inmil rootstocks. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 29: 99-104.
The effect of infection with Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV) and Prune dwarf virus (PDV) on vegetative and reproductive growth of sweet cherry trees (Prunus avium L.) was investigated. Infected trees were smaller and the growth reduction was more severe in Lapins than in Sam; when trees were infected in the nursery (early) compared to an infection two years later in the orchard; and when trees were grafted on the dwarfing Inmil rootstock compared to the more vigorous Damil. Tree mortality after establishment in the orchard was not a problem and only one virus infected tree died during the 5-year observation period. Reduced vigour was accompanied by increased blind wood formation. While the infected trees had a higher generative spur density the total number of generative spurs per tree was less than in the virus free controls, thus reducing yield. In addition the germination of pollen from infected trees was reduced. In general PNRSV has little or no significant influence on vegetative or reproductive behaviour, while PDV significantly reduced both characteristics. The combined infection had dramatic effects, especially on the dwarfing Inmil rootstock with the susceptible cv. Lapins. After four years in the orchard 10% of the initially virus free trees were infected by PDV and 48% by PNRSV.
cherries; viruses; Prunus avium L.; Prune dwarf virus; Prunus necrotic ringspot virus; tree growth; yields