Six-year evaluation of selected traits of fruit colour and their interdependences in a set of 24 apricot genotypes
Z. Vachůnhttps://doi.org/10.17221/3874-HORTSCICitation:Vachůn Z. (2003): Six-year evaluation of selected traits of fruit colour and their interdependences in a set of 24 apricot genotypes. Hort. Sci. (Prague), 30: 123-128.
These traits of fruit colour were evaluated in 24 apricot genotypes for six years: basic colour, overcolour, flesh colour and attractiveness. The evaluation involved variability of colour traits and correlations between these traits in a six-year period. The evaluated genotypes were significantly different in colour traits; it will facilitate the selection of commercially interesting genotypes. Highly significant correlation coefficients (r = 0.56++ to r = 0.96++) were calculated for the rank of the values of particular traits in 1994–1999; it confirmed that the traits are genetically conditioned. As for the correlations between the traits, the closest correlation was found out between basic colour of fruit and flesh colour (r = 0.53++ to r = 0.96++) and between basic colour and overcolour (r = 0.45++ to r = 0.65++). In the six-year period fruit attractiveness showed the lowest variability expressed by average coefficient of variation (v = 14.98%) while fruit overcolour had the highest variability (v = 41.14%). The coefficients of variation for basic colour and flesh colour were at a medium level. Harogem and Harlayne were the most interesting varieties by their colour traits. Among the registered and most frequently grown varieties in the CR it was Velkopavlovická LE-6/2. The varieties Lednická M-90-A and Vynoslivyj were the most promising for producers by their colour.Keywords:
apricot; genotypes; traits of fruit colour; variability; correlations