The essential oil content in caraway species (Carum carvi L.)
J. Sedláková, B. Kocourková, L. Lojková, V. Kubáňhttps://doi.org/10.17221/3818-HORTSCICitation:Sedláková J., Kocourková B., Lojková L., Kubáň V. (2003): The essential oil content in caraway species (Carum carvi L.). Hort. Sci. (Prague), 30: 73-79.
Caraway fruits contain 1–6% of essential oils consisting of about 30 compounds, from which carvone and limonene account form the main portion, about 95%. To evaluate the quality of various caraway cultivars, the amounts of essential oils and the carvone/limonene ratio were measured. The most common method of essential oil evaluation is steam distillation in accordance with Standard ČSN 58 0110, but an alternative method – supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) – was also investigated in this paper. Ground caraway fruits were extracted under different SFE conditions (pressure, temperature, use of modifiers). Released compounds (carvone and limonene) were quantified by GC.
supercritical fluid extraction (SFE); caraway seeds; carvone; limonene; gas chromatography (GC); cultivars