Contrasting growth and water use efficiency after thinning in mixed Abies pinsapoPinus pinasterPinus sylvestris forests

https://doi.org/10.17221/104/2015-JFSCitation:Navarro-Cerrillo R.M., Sánchez-Salguero R., Herrera R., Ceacero Ruiz C.J., Moreno-Rojas J.M., Manzanedo R.D., López-Quintanilla J. (2016): Contrasting growth and water use efficiency after thinning in mixed Abies pinsapoPinus pinasterPinus sylvestris forests. J. For. Sci., 62: 53-64.
supplementary materialdownload PDF

Foresters frequently lack sufficient information about thinning intensity effects to optimize semi-natural forest management and their effects and interaction with climate are still poorly understood. In an Abies pinsapo–Pinus pinaster–Pinus sylvestris forest with three thinning intensities, a dendrochronologial approach was used to evaluate the short-term responses of basal area increment (BAI), carbon isotope (δ13C) and water use efficiency (iWUE) to thinning intensity and climate. Thinning generally increased BAI in all species, except for the heavy thinning in P. sylvestris. Across all the plots, thinning increased 13C-derived water-use efficiency on average by 14.49% for A. pinsapo, 9.78% for P. sylvestris and 6.68% for P. pinaster, but through different ecophysiological mechanisms. Our findings provide a robust mean of predicting water use efficiency responses from three coniferous species exposed to different thinning strategies which have been modulated by climatic conditions over time.

References:
ANDREU-HAYLES LAIA, PLANELLS OCTAVI, GUTIÉRREZ EMILIA, MUNTAN ELENA, HELLE GERHARD, ANCHUKAITIS KEVIN J., SCHLESER GERHARD H. (2011): Long tree-ring chronologies reveal 20th century increases in water-use efficiency but no enhancement of tree growth at five Iberian pine forests. Global Change Biology, 17, 2095-2112  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02373.x
 
Aussenac Gilbert (2002): Ecology and ecophysiology of circum-Mediterranean firsin the context of climate change. Annals of Forest Science, 59, 823-832  https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:2002080
 
Bates D., Maechler M., Bolker B. (2011): Lme4: Linear mixed-effects models using S4 classes. R package version 0.999375-42. Available at http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=lme4 (accessed March 7, 2013).
 
Brooks J. Renée, Mitchell Alan K. (2011): Interpreting tree responses to thinning and fertilization using tree-ring stable isotopes. New Phytologist, 190, 770-782  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03627.x
 
Burnham K.P., Anderson D.R. (2002): Model Selection and Multimodel Inference: A Practical Information-Theoretic Approach. 2nd Ed. New York, USA, Springer: 488.
 
Del Campo A., Fernandes T.J.G., Molina A.J. (2014): Hydrology-oriented (adaptive) silviculture in a semiarid pine plantation: How much can be modified the water cycle through forest management? European Journal of Forest Research, 133: 879–894.
 
Camarero Jesús Julio, Bigler Christof, Linares Juan Carlos, Gil-Pelegrín Eustaquio (2011): Synergistic effects of past historical logging and drought on the decline of Pyrenean silver fir forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 262, 759-769  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2011.05.009
 
D’Amato Anthony W., Bradford John B., Fraver Shawn, Palik Brian J. (2011): Forest management for mitigation and adaptation to climate change: Insights from long-term silviculture experiments. Forest Ecology and Management, 262, 803-816  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2011.05.014
 
De las Heras Jorge, Moya Daniel, López-Serrano Francisco R., Rubio Eva (2013): Carbon sequestration of naturally regenerated Aleppo pine stands in response to early thinning. New Forests, 44, 457-470  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11056-012-9356-2
 
del Río Miren, Calama Rafael, Cañellas Isabel, Roig Sonia, Montero Gregorio (2008): Thinning intensity and growth response in SW-European Scots pine stands. Annals of Forest Science, 65, 308-  https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:2008009
 
Esteban L.G., de Palacios P., Aguado L. Rodríguez-Losada (2010): Abies pinsapo forests in Spain and Morocco: threats and conservation. Oryx, 44, 276-  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605310000190
 
Farquhar GD, Richards RA (1984): Isotopic Composition of Plant Carbon Correlates With Water-Use Efficiency of Wheat Genotypes. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 11, 539-  https://doi.org/10.1071/PP9840539
 
Fernandes Tarcísio J.G., Del Campo Antonio D., Herrera Rafael, Molina Antonio J. (2016): Simultaneous assessment, through sap flow and stable isotopes, of water use efficiency (WUE) in thinned pines shows improvement in growth, tree-climate sensitivity and WUE, but not in WUEi. Forest Ecology and Management, 361, 298-308  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.11.029
 
Fritts H.C. (2001): Tree Rings and Climate. New Jersey, USA, Blackburn Press: Caldwell: 567.
 
Gebhardt Timo, Häberle Karl-Heinz, Matyssek Rainer, Schulz Christoph, Ammer Christian (2014): The more, the better? Water relations of Norway spruce stands after progressive thinning. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 197, 235-243  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.05.013
 
Granda Elena, Rossatto Davi Rodrigo, Camarero J. Julio, Voltas Jordi, Valladares Fernando (2014): Growth and carbon isotopes of Mediterranean trees reveal contrasting responses to increased carbon dioxide and drought. Oecologia, 174, 307-317  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-013-2742-4
 
Herrick Jeffrey D., Maherali Hafiz, Thomas Richard B. (2004): Reduced stomatal conductance in sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) sustained over long-term CO2 enrichment. New Phytologist, 162, 387-396  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01045.x
 
Holmes R.L. (1983): Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement. Tree-Ring Bulletin, 43: 69–78.
 
Larson Andrew J., Stover Kyle C., Keyes Christopher R. (2012): Effects of restoration thinning on spatial heterogeneity in mixed-conifer forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 42, 1505-1517  https://doi.org/10.1139/x2012-100
 
Leavitt Steven W., Danzer Shelley R. (1993): Method for batch processing small wood samples to holocellulose for stable-carbon isotope analysis. Analytical Chemistry, 65, 87-89  https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00049a017
 
Linares Juan Carlos, Delgado-Huertas Antonio, Carreira José Antonio (2011): Climatic trends and different drought adaptive capacity and vulnerability in a mixed Abies pinsapo–Pinus halepensis forest. Climatic Change, 105, 67-90  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9878-6
 
Lindner Marcus, Maroschek Michael, Netherer Sigrid, Kremer Antoine, Barbati Anna, Garcia-Gonzalo Jordi, Seidl Rupert, Delzon Sylvain, Corona Piermaria, Kolström Marja, Lexer Manfred J., Marchetti Marco (2010): Climate change impacts, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability of European forest ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management, 259, 698-709  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.09.023
 
Maier Chris A., Albaugh Timothy J., Lee Allen H., Dougherty Phillip M. (2004): Respiratory carbon use and carbon storage in mid-rotation loblolly pine ( Pinus taeda L.) plantations: the effect of site resources on the stand carbon balance. Global Change Biology, 10, 1335-1350  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.2003.00809.x
 
Mäkinen Harri, Isomäki Antti (2004): Thinning intensity and growth of Scots pine stands in Finland. Forest Ecology and Management, 201, 311-325  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2004.07.016
 
Martín-Benito Darío, Del Río Miren, Heinrich Ingo, Helle Gerhard, Cañellas Isabel (2010): Response of climate-growth relationships and water use efficiency to thinning in a Pinus nigra afforestation. Forest Ecology and Management, 259, 967-975  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.12.001
 
Martin-Benito Dario, Kint Vincent, del Río Miren, Muys Bart, Cañellas Isabel (2011): Growth responses of West-Mediterranean Pinus nigra to climate change are modulated by competition and productivity: Past trends and future perspectives. Forest Ecology and Management, 262, 1030-1040  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2011.05.038
 
McCarroll Danny, Loader Neil J. (2004): Stable isotopes in tree rings. Quaternary Science Reviews, 23, 771-801  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2003.06.017
 
MCDOWELL N., BROOKS J. R., FITZGERALD S. A., BOND B. J. (2003): Carbon isotope discrimination and growth response of old Pinus ponderosa trees to stand density reductions. Plant, Cell and Environment, 26, 631-644  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.2003.00999.x
 
Montero G., Ortega C., Cañellas I., Bachiller A. (2008): Productividad aérea y dinámica de nutrientes en una repoblación de Pinus pinaster AIT. Sometida a distintos regímenes de claras. Forest Systems, 8: 175–206.
 
Moreno-Fernández Daniel, Sánchez-González Mariola, Álvarez-González Juan G., Hevia Andrea, Majada Juan P., Cañellas Isabel, Gea-Izquierdo Guillermo (2014): Response to the interaction of thinning and pruning of pine species in Mediterranean mountains. European Journal of Forest Research, 133, 833-843  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-014-0800-z
 
Moreno-Gutiérrez Cristina, Dawson Todd E., Nicolás Emilio, Querejeta José Ignacio (2012): Isotopes reveal contrasting water use strategies among coexisting plant species in a Mediterranean ecosystem. New Phytologist, 196, 489-496  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04276.x
 
Peñuelas Josep, Canadell Josep G, Ogaya Romà (2011): Increased water-use efficiency during the 20th century did not translate into enhanced tree growth. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 20, 597-608  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00608.x
 
Pérez-de-Lis Gonzalo, García-González Ignacio, Rozas Vicente, Arévalo José Ramón (2011): Effects of thinning intensity on radial growth patterns and temperature sensitivity in Pinus canariensis afforestations on Tenerife Island, Spain. Annals of Forest Science, 68, 1093-1104  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-011-0125-8
 
Primicia Irantzu, Camarero J. Julio, Imbert J. Bosco, Castillo Federico J. (2013): Effects of thinning and canopy type on growth dynamics of Pinus sylvestris: inter-annual variations and intra-annual interactions with microclimate. European Journal of Forest Research, 132, 121-135  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-012-0662-1
 
R Development Core Team (2014): R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing: 409.
 
Sánchez-Salguero Raúl, Navarro-Cerrillo Rafael M., Swetnam Thomas W., Zavala Miguel A. (2012): Is drought the main decline factor at the rear edge of Europe? The case of southern Iberian pine plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 271, 158-169  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.01.040
 
Seibt Ulli, Rajabi Abazar, Griffiths Howard, Berry Joseph A. (2008): Carbon isotopes and water use efficiency: sense and sensitivity. Oecologia, 155, 441-454  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-007-0932-7
 
Wigley T.M.L., Jones P.D., Briffa K.R. (1987): Cross-dating methods in dendrochronology. Journal of Archaeological Science, 14, 51-64  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-4403(87)80005-5
 
Yamaguchi David K. (1991): A simple method for cross-dating increment cores from living trees. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 21, 414-416  https://doi.org/10.1139/x91-053
 
supplementary materialdownload PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences