Mid-rotation response to fertilizer by Pinus radiata D. Don at three contrasting sites

https://doi.org/10.17221/106/2015-JFSCitation:Ramírez Alzate M.V., Rubilar R.A., Montes C., Allen H.L., Fox T.R., Sanfuentes E. (2016): Mid-rotation response to fertilizer by Pinus radiata D. Don at three contrasting sites. J. For. Sci., 62: 153-162.
download PDF

Mid-rotation responses to fertilization of Pinus radiata D. Don plantations after the first or second thinning have been observed in research experiments in many regions where the species is grown. The practice is not however common in commercial plantations. This is probably because the effects of soil-site conditions on the magnitude and duration of tree and stand growth responses are not well understood. The effects of nitrogen (150 and 300 kg N·ha–1) and phosphorus (0, 20 and 40 kg P·ha–1) including common base fertilization of boron (8 kg B·ha–1) and potassium (65 kg K·ha–1) were evaluated in three mid-rotation P. radiata plantations after thinning. The plantations were located on sites with contrasting nutrient and water availability, sandy, granitic and red-clay sites, in south-central Chile. The magnitude and duration of growth response was site specific. After 8 years, the growth response to the highest dose of fertilization relative to the control was 57 m3·ha–1 (16%) at the granitic and 24 m3·ha–1 (14%) at the sandy site. No response to either nitrogen or phosphorus fertilizer was observed at the red-clay site. Nitrogen and phosphorus were limiting at both granitic and sandy sites, and high fertilization doses considering 300 kg N·ha–1 plus 40 kg P·ha–1 would ameliorate nutrient resource limitations and yield a cost-effective increment in stand volume.

Albaugh Timothy J., Alvarez Jose, Rubilar Rafael A., Fox Thomas R., Allen H. Lee, Stape Jose L., Mardones Oscar (2015): Long-Term <I>Pinus radiata</I> Productivity Gains from Tillage, Vegetation Control, and Fertilization. Forest Science, 61, 800-808  https://doi.org/10.5849/forsci.14-207
ALBAUGH TIMOTHY J, RUBILAR RAFAEL, ALVAREZ JOSE, ALLEN H. LEE (2004): Radiata pine response to tillage, fertilization, and weed control in Chile. Bosque (Valdivia), 25, -  https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92002004000200002
Albaugh Timothy J., Stape Jose L., Fox Thomas R., Rubilar Rafael A., Allen H. Lee (2012): Midrotation Vegetation Control and Fertilization Response in <I>Pinus taeda</I> and <I>Pinus elliottii</I> across the Southeastern United States. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry, 36, 44-53  https://doi.org/10.5849/sjaf.10-042
Alvarez J., Allen H. L., Albaugh T. J., Stape J. L., Bullock B. P., Song C. (): Factors influencing the growth of radiata pine plantations in Chile. Forestry, 86, 13-26  https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cps072
Allen H.L., Dougherty P.M., Campbell R.G. (1990): Manipulation of water and nutrients — Practice and opportunity in Southern U.S. pine forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 30, 437-453  https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(90)90153-3
Bennett Jennifer N, Blevins Leandra L, Barker John E, Blevins David P, Prescott Cindy E (2003): Increases in tree growth and nutrient supply still apparent 10 to 13 years following fertilization and vegetation control of salal-dominated cedar–hemlock stands on Vancouver Island. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33, 1516-1524  https://doi.org/10.1139/x03-069
Benson M.L., Myers B.J., Raison R.J. (1992): Dynamics of stem growth of Pinus radiata as affected by water and nitrogen supply. Forest Ecology and Management, 52, 117-137  https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(92)90498-X
Blevins Leandra L., Prescott Cindy E., Van Niejenhuis Annette (2006): The roles of nitrogen and phosphorus in increasing productivity of western hemlock and western redcedar plantations on northern Vancouver Island. Forest Ecology and Management, 234, 116-122  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2006.06.029
Bradley R., Titus B., Preston C., Bennett J. (2000): Improvement of nutritional site quality 13 years after single application of fertiliser N and P on regenerating cedar-hemlock cutovers on northern Vancouver Island, BC. Plant and Soil, 223: 197–208. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1004896116130
Carlyle J.C. (1995): Nutrient management in a Pinusradiata plantation after thinning: the effect of nitrogen fertilizer on soil nitrogen fluxes and tree growth. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 25, 1673-1683  https://doi.org/10.1139/x95-181
Carlyle J.Clive (1998): Relationships between nitrogen uptake, leaf area, water status and growth in an 11-year-old Pinus radiata plantation in response to thinning, thinning residue, and nitrogen fertiliser. Forest Ecology and Management, 108, 41-55  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(97)00333-2
Carlyle J Clive, Nambiar EK Sadanandan (2001): Relationships between net nitrogen mineralization, properties of the forest floor and mineral soil, and wood production in Pinus radiata plantations. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 31, 889-898  https://doi.org/10.1139/x01-008
Côté L., Brown S., Paré D., Fyles J., Bauhus J. (2000): Dynamics of carbon and nitrogen mineralization in relation to stand type, stand age and soil texture in the boreal mixedwood. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 32, 1079-1090  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-0717(00)00017-1
Cubbage Frederick, Mac Donagh Patricio, Sawinski Júnior José, Rubilar Rafael, Donoso Pablo, Ferreira Arnaldo, Hoeflich Vitor, Olmos Virginia Morales, Ferreira Gustavo, Balmelli Gustavo, Siry Jacek, Báez Mirta Noemi, Alvarez José (2007): Timber investment returns for selected plantations and native forests in South America and the Southern United States. New Forests, 33, 237-255  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11056-006-9025-4
Fife D. N., Nambiar E. K. S. (1995): Effect of nitrogen on growth and water relations of radiata pine families. Plant and Soil, 168-169, 279-285  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00029339
Fife D.N., Nambiar E.K.S. (1997): Changes in the canopy and growth of Pinus radiata in response to nitrogen supply. Forest Ecology and Management, 93, 137-152  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(96)03917-5
Fisher R. F., Garbett W. S. (1980): Response of Semimature Slash and Loblolly Pine Plantations to Fertilization with Nitrogen and Phosphorus1. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 44, 850-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1980.03615995004400040039x
Fox T., Allen H., Albaugh T., Rubilar R., Carlson C. (2006): Forest fertilization in southern pine plantations. Better Crops, 90: 12–15.
Fox T., Allen H., Albaugh T., Rubilar R., Carlson C. (2007): Tree nutrition and forest fertilization of pine plantations in the southern United States. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry, 31: 5–11.
Gent J., Allen H., Campbell R., Wells C. (1986): Magnitude, duration, and economic analysis of loblolly pine growth response following bedding and phosphorus fertilization. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry, 10: 124–128.
Gower S.T., Gholz H.L., Nakane K., Baldwin V.C. (1994): Production and carbon allocation patterns of pine forests. In: Gholz H.L., Linder S., McMurtrie R.E. (eds): Environmental Constraints on The Structure and Productivity of Pine Forest Ecosystems: A Comparative Analysis. Ecological Bulletins, No. 43. Lund, Oikos Editorial Office: 115–135.
Hopmans Peter, Collett Nick C., Smith Ian W., Elms Stephen R. (2008): Growth and nutrition of Pinus radiata in response to fertilizer applied after thinning and interaction with defoliation associated with Essigella californica. Forest Ecology and Management, 255, 2118-2128  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.12.020
Hunter I., Graham J., Prince J., Nicholson G. (1986): What site factors determine the 4-year basal area response of Pinus radiata to nitrogen fertilizer. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science, 16: 30–40.
Infor (2015): Chilean Statistical Yearbook of Forestry 2015. Santiago de Chile, Ministerio de Agricultura, Gobierno de Chile: 161.
Jones J.B., Case V.W. (1990). Sampling, handling and analyzing plant tissue samples. In: Westerman R.L. (ed.): Soil Testing and Plant Analysis. 3rd Ed. Madison, Soil Science Society of America, Inc.: 389–428.
Keay J., Turton A., Campbell N. (1968): Some effects of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization of Pinus pinaster in Western Australia. Forest Science, 14: 408–417.
Landsberg J., Sands P. (2010): Physiological Ecology of Forest Production: Principles, Processes and Models. San Diego,, Academic Press: 304.
Linder S., Benson M. L., Myers B. J., Raison R. J. (1987): Canopy dynamics and growth of Pinusradiata .: I. Effects of irrigation and fertilization during a drought. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 17, 1157-1165  https://doi.org/10.1139/x87-179
Littell R.C., Milliken G.A., Stroup W.W., Wolfinger R.D., Schabenberger O. (2006): SAS for Mixed Models. 2nd Ed. Cary, SAS Institute Inc.: 814.
MILLER HUGH G. (1981): Forest Fertilization: Some Guiding Concepts. Forestry, 54, 157-167  https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/54.2.157
MILLER H. G., COOPER J. M. (1973): Changes in Amount and Distribution of Stem Growth in Pole-Stage Corsican Pine Following Application of Nitrogen Fertilizer. Forestry, 46, 157-190  https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/46.2.157
Nilsson Urban, Allen H.Lee (2003): Short- and long-term effects of site preparation, fertilization and vegetation control on growth and stand development of planted loblolly pine. Forest Ecology and Management, 175, 367-377  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00140-8
Richter Daniel D, Markewitz Daniel, Heine Paul R, Jin Virginia, Raikes Jane, Tian Kun, Wells Carol G (2000): Legacies of agriculture and forest regrowth in the nitrogen of old-field soils. Forest Ecology and Management, 138, 233-248  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00399-6
Rivaie A.A., Tillman R.W. (2009): Growth response of second-rotation Pinus radiata on an orthic allophanic soil to P fertilizer and weed control. Taiwan Journal of Forest Science, 24: 11–24.
Rojas J. (2005): Factors influencing responses of loblolly pine stands to fertilization. [Ph.D. Thesis.] Raleigh, North Carolina State University: 147.
Rubilar Rafael A., Albaugh Timothy J., Allen H. Lee, Alvarez Jose, Fox Thomas R., Stape Jose L. (2013): Foliage development and leaf area duration in Pinus radiata. Forest Ecology and Management, 304, 455-463  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.05.044
SAS (2009a): JMP® 8 User Guide. 2nd Ed. Cary, SAS Institute Inc.: 513.
SAS (2009b): SAS/STAT® 9.2. User’s Guide. 2nd Ed. Cary, SAS Institute Inc.: 7869.
Smethurst P. J., Nambiar E. K. S. (1990): Distribution of carbon and nutrients and fluxes of mineral nitrogen after clear-felling a Pinusradiata plantation. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 20, 1490-1497  https://doi.org/10.1139/x90-197
Snowdon Peter (2002): Modeling Type 1 and Type 2 growth responses in plantations after application of fertilizer or other silvicultural treatments. Forest Ecology and Management, 163, 229-244  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00582-5
Snowdon P., Benson M.L. (1992): Effects of combinations of irrigation and fertilisation on the growth and above-ground biomass production of Pinus radiata. Forest Ecology and Management, 52, 87-116  https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(92)90497-W
Snowdon P., Waring H.D. (1984): Long-term nature of growth responses obtained to fertilizer and weed control applied at planting and their consequences for forest management. In: Grey D.C., Schonau A.P.G., Schutz C.J. (eds): Proceedings of the IUFRO Symposium on Site and Productivity of Fast Growing Plantations, Pretoria, Pietermaritzburg, Apr 30–May 11, 1984: 701–711.
Turner J., Knott J. H., Lambert M. (1996): Fertilization of Pinus radiata plantations after thinning. I Productivity gains. Australian Forestry, 59, 7-21  https://doi.org/10.1080/00049158.1996.10674664
Turner J, Lambert M J (1986): Nutrition and Nutritional Relationships of Pinus Radiata. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 17, 325-350  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.17.110186.001545
Vose J., Allen H. (1988): Leaf area, stemwood growth, and nutrition relationships in loblolly pine. Forest Science, 34: 547–563.
White J.R., Reddy K.R. (2000): Influence of Phosphorus Loading on Organic Nitrogen Mineralization of Everglades Soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 64, 1525-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2000.6441525x
Will Rodney E., Markewitz Daniel, Hendrick Ronald L., Meason Dean F., Crocker Tracy R., Borders Bruce E. (2006): Nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics for 13-year-old loblolly pine stands receiving complete competition control and annual N fertilizer. Forest Ecology and Management, 227, 155-168  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2006.02.027
Woods P.V., Nambiar E.K.S., Smethurst P.J. (1992): Effect of annual weeds on water and nitrogen availability to Pinus radiata trees in a young plantation. Forest Ecology and Management, 48, 145-163  https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(92)90127-U
Zutter B., Miller J. (1998): Eleventh-year response of loblolly pine and competing vegetation to woody and herbaceous plant control on a Georgia flatwoods site. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry, 22: 88–95.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti