Time consumption and productivity analysis of timber trucking using two kinds of trucks in northern Iran
R. Mousavi, R. Naghdihttps://doi.org/10.17221/10/2013-JFSCitation:Mousavi R., Naghdi R. (2013): Time consumption and productivity analysis of timber trucking using two kinds of trucks in northern Iran. J. For. Sci., 59: 211-221.
Increasing productivity and reducing cost in long-distance transportation have become increasingly important in the logistics of forest harvesting operations. This paper presents the research results of the performance of loading with Volvo 4500 BM and timber trucking using two types of common trucks in the Nav watershed in Iran. Both trucks can carry logs shorter than 7.8 m in length. The study used a time study based on empirical data for loads collected from one procurement district in the Nav watershed. The models included the following explanatory factors: driving distance, number of logs, and load volume. The time consumption and productivity of loading and timber trucking depends on several variables such as volume and number of logs per cycle. To evaluate the current transportation system in the Nav watershed, the empirical time study was conducted. Since transportation includes several phases and since many factors affect the work performance, significant variation in the total transportation time was observed. This makes planning and cost accounting more difficult. The models developed in the study are a promising way to support route planning and optimization, and cost and profitability calculation for trucking entrepreneurs and the forest industry. The average productivity of log transportation was 2.84 and 3.4 m3·effective h–1 for the dump truck and chassis truck, respectively. The average hauling unit cost was 18 and 15 USD·m–3 in the dump truck and chassis truck, respectively.Keywords:
Hyrcanian forest; Iran; secondary transportation; productivity; cost