Phytoremediation concept: biomass production and growth of Populus deltoides under compost leachate irrigation

https://doi.org/10.17221/121/2014-JFSCitation:Abedi T., Moghaddami S. (2015): Phytoremediation concept: biomass production and growth of Populus deltoides under compost leachate irrigation. J. For. Sci., 61: 250-254.
download PDF

Compost leachate is produced by conversion of municipal waste to compost. It contains significant amounts of organic materials, nutrients, soluble salts and small amounts of some heavy metals. Adding compost leachate to the soil can pollute it, and also improve soil fertility. In this study, we investigated absorption and growth performance of Populus deltoides under irrigation with leachate of the Compost Plant of Rasht. At the beginning of the growing season, in mid-March 2013, cuttings were processed from young, one-year-old seedlings of Populus trees in the greenhouse of the Safrabaste Poplar Research Station. Cuttings were planted in pots filled with loamy-sandy soil in the vicinity of the area with 40cm depth. Compost leachate was taken from a collection reservoir where leachate from the open composting of organic municipal wastes and various gardening and plant wastes had been collected. Five treatments were applied to plants: (C) tap water (control), (P) pure leachate, (3:1) three units (by volume) of leachate mixed with one unit of tap water, (1:1) and (1:3). The growth of tree diameter and height was measured bi-monthly. Aboveground (stem, branches and leaves) and root biomass was inventoried at the end of the growing season. Concentration of elements was determined every three months. Overall, growth parameters in 1:1 and 1:3 treatments were similar together and there were no significant differences between them (P < 0.05). Pure treatment had minimum growth because of a high concentration of solvable salts in leachate such as sulphur that causes salinity and high EC in soil. Treatment1:3 exhibited the greatest overall aboveground and root dry mass. Total aboveground dry mass of leachate treatments and water was 202.25 and 47.58 g, respectively.

References:
Adler Anneli, Dimitriou Ioannis, Aronsson Pär, Verwijst Theo, Weih Martin (2008): Wood fuel quality of two Salix viminalis stands fertilised with sludge, ash and sludge–ash mixtures. Biomass and Bioenergy, 32, 914-925  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.01.013
 
Ayers R.S., Westcot D.W. (1994): Water Quality for Agriculture. Available at http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/T0234e/T0234e00.htm.
 
DIMITRIOU I, ARONSSON P, WEIH M (2006): Stress tolerance of five willow clones after irrigation with different amounts of landfill leachate. Bioresource Technology, 97, 150-157  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.02.004
 
Eaton A.D. (2005): Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. Washington, D.C., American Public Health Association: 1325.
 
Fung L.E, Wang S.S, Altman A, Hütterman A (1998): Effect of NaCl on growth, photosynthesis, ion and water relations of four poplar genotypes. Forest Ecology and Management, 107, 135-146  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(97)00328-9
 
Greger Maria, Landberg Tommy (1999): Use of Willow in Phytoextraction. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 1, 115-123  https://doi.org/10.1080/15226519908500010
 
Holm B., Heinsoo K. (2013): Influence of composted sewage sludge on the wood yield of willow short rotation coppice. Environment Protection Engineering, 39: 17–32.
 
Justin Maja Zupančič, Pajk Nastja, Zupanc Vesna, Zupančič Marija (2010): Phytoremediation of landfill leachate and compost wastewater by irrigation of Populus and Salix: Biomass and growth response. Waste Management, 30, 1032-1042  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2010.02.013
 
Kadlec R.H., Wallace S.D. (2009). Treatment Wetlands. Boca Raton, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group: 416–417.
 
Klang-Westin E., Eriksson J. (2003): Potential of Salix as phytoextractor for Cd on moderately contaminated soils. Plant Soil, 249: 127–137. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022585404481
 
Navarro Josefa M., Pérez-Tornero Olaya, Morte Asunción (2014): Alleviation of salt stress in citrus seedlings inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi depends on the rootstock salt tolerance. Journal of Plant Physiology, 171, 76-85  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2013.06.006
 
Page A.L., Miller R.H., Keeney D.R. (1982): Methods of Soil Analysis. Chemical and Microbiological Properties. Madison, American Society of Agronomy: 1159.
 
Pulford I.D., Dickinson N.M. (2005): Phytoremediation technologies using trees. In: Prassad M.N.V., Naidu R. (eds): Trace Elements in the Environment. New York, CRC Press: 375–395.
 
Zalesny J.A., Zalesny R.S. Jr., Coyle D.R., Hall R.B. (2007a): Growth and biomass of Populus irrigated with landfill leachate. Forest Ecology and Management, 248: 143–152.
 
Zalesny R.S. Jr., Bauer O.E. (2007b): Selecting and utilizing Populus and Salix for landfill covers: implications for leachate irrigation. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 9: 497–511.
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti