What does the mandible say about wild boar: Ontogenetic development, sexual dimorphism and habitat preferences

https://doi.org/10.17221/128/2021-JFSCitation:

Košinová K., Policht R., Matějka O., Hanzal V., Ježek M., Kušta T., Hart V. (2022): What does the mandible say about wild boar: Ontogenetic development, sexual dimorphism and habitat preferences. J. For. Sci., 68: 61–71.

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Wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) is one of the most discussed game species, distributed across Europe, therefore the management of this species is considered important. This management should be based on data presented, population quality and preferences and craniometric dimensions show the development of the individual and its prosperity. A sample of 148 male and 153 female wild boar mandibles was studied to compare differences in craniometric measurements, especially to find out wild boar environmental demands and population trends. The width of the caput mandibulae and angle of the mandible showed significant difference between males and females. Measurements analysed with forest area size and other data also showed that larger craniometric dimensions were reached in hunting areas with at least 200 ha of forested area, which may be due to the wild boar’s need for safety and vegetative cover in the first months of piglet development with respect to its home range. The development of young wild boar is dependent on rest and shelter in the first months of life. A forest cover of at least 200 ha appears to be sufficient in this respect. Information on habitat preferences and individual development can lead to improvements in wild boar management.

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