Natural regeneration of sessile oak under different light conditions
I. Březina, L. Dobrovolnýhttps://doi.org/10.17221/12/2011-JFSCitation:Březina I., Dobrovolný L. (2011): Natural regeneration of sessile oak under different light conditions. J. For. Sci., 57: 359-368.
Different variants of regeneration felling or different light conditions (total site factor 15–95%) and weed control were evaluated in relation to the 4-year development of individuals of regenerated sessile oak. The regeneration density is not dependent on light conditions. The highest mortality occurs on the open area of clear felling. For a certain time in youth, it is possible to consider oak as a shade-tolerating species. With the increasing light intensity the diameter and height growth of oak seedlings increases proportionally, being the highest at 100% light intensity. However, to support at least medium-fast growth, the species requires minimally 50% light intensity (smaller closed clear-felled areas). On the other hand, more extensive unprotected cleared areas appear to be quite unsuitable at the initial stages of regeneration. The positive effect of weed control on the success and growth of natural regeneration is questionable. We recommend developing the regenerated stand by means of a series of small-area (about ≤ 0.3 ha) two-stage felling with a medium-long regeneration period (15–20 years).Keywords:
sessile oak; natural regeneration; light conditions; close-to-nature forest management