The influence of deforestation and anthropogenic activities on runoff generation M.R. (2017): The influence of deforestation and anthropogenic activities on runoff generation. J. For. Sci., 63: 245-253.
download PDF
In recent decades, due to rapid human population increases and in its results, destructive effects of anthropogenic activities on natural resources have become a great challenge. Land use and vegetation are important factors in soil erosion and runoff generation. This study was performed to assess the effects of different amounts of forest cover on the control of runoff and soil loss in the Talar basin, which is located in Mazandaran province, using a runoffrainfall model, geographical information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) to determine the hydrologic effects of deforestation on the Talar watershed (north of Iran). A runoff-rainfall model has been presented using GIS (HECGeoHMS) and hydrologic model (HEC-HMS). Land use changes (deforestation) and anthropogenic activities (roads and impervious surfaces development) were evaluated using RS techniques and satellite images. We used the Soil Conservation Service and Curve Number methods for hydrograph simulation and runoff estimation, respectively. First, a model was performed and optimized. Afterward, the optimized model was evaluated by other six events of floods (model validation). According to the obtained results, the runoff generation potential has been increased in the Talar watershed due to deforestation during the last forty years. Land use changes cause an increase in runoff volume and flood peak discharge.
Ajward M.H., Muzik I. (2000): A spatially varied unit hydrograph model. Journal of Environmental Hydrology, 8: 1–8.
Amouei Abdol Iman, Yousefi Zabihollah, Mahvi Amir Hosein, Naddafi Kazem, Tahmasbizadeh Masomeh (2012): Heavy Metal Concentrations in Industrial, Agricultural, and Highway Soils in Northern Iran. Environmental Justice, 5, 153-157
Bahrami A., Emadodin I., Ranjbar Atashi M., Rudolf Bork H. (2010): Land-use change and soil degradation: A case study, North of Iran. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, 1: 600–605.
Bhadra A., Panigrahy N., Singh R., Raghuwanshi N.S., Mal B.C., Tripathi M.P. (2008): Development of a geomorphological instantaneous unit hydrograph model for scantily gauged watersheds. Environmental Modelling & Software, 23: 1013–1025.
Brilly Mitja, Rusjan Simon, Vidmar Andrej (2006): Monitoring the impact of urbanisation on the Glinscica stream. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 31, 1089-1096
Brown R. G. (1988): EFFECTS OF PRECIPITATION AND LAND USE ON STORM RUNOFF. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 24, 421-426
Burns Douglas, Vitvar Tomas, McDonnell Jeffrey, Hassett James, Duncan Jonathan, Kendall Carol (2005): Effects of suburban development on runoff generation in the Croton River basin, New York, USA. Journal of Hydrology, 311, 266-281
Camorani Giorgio, Castellarin Attilio, Brath Armando (2005): Effects of land-use changes on the hydrologic response of reclamation systems. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 30, 561-574
Chow V.T., Maidment D.R., Mays L.W. (1988): Applied Hydrology. NewYork, McGraw-Hill: 572.
Christopher A., Johnson A., Yung A.C. (2001): The Use of HEC-GeoHMS and HEC-HMS to Perform Grid-based Hydrologic Analysis of a Watershed. Houston, Dodson & Associates, Inc.: 4.
Legesse Dagnachew, Vallet-Coulomb Christine, Gasse Françoise (2003): Hydrological response of a catchment to climate and land use changes in Tropical Africa: case study South Central Ethiopia. Journal of Hydrology, 275, 67-85
Dooge James C. I. (1959): A general theory of the unit hydrograph. Journal of Geophysical Research, 64, 241-256
Dunjó Gemma, Pardini Giovanni, Gispert Maria (2004): The role of land use–land cover on runoff generation and sediment yield at a microplot scale, in a small Mediterranean catchment. Journal of Arid Environments, 57, 239-256
Eswaran H., Lal R., Reich P.F. (2001): Land degradation: An overview. In: Bridges E.M., Hannam I.D., Oldeman L.R., Pening de Vries F.W.T., Scherr S.J., Sompatpanit S. (eds): Responses to Land Degradation. Proceeding of the 2nd International Conference on Land Degradation and Desertification, Khon Kaen, Jan 25–29, 1999: 20–35.
Foster I., Gurnell A., Webb B. (1995): Sediment and Water Quality in River Catchments. Chichester, John Wiley & Sons: 473.
Geetha K., Mishra S. K., Eldho T. I., Rastogi A. K., Pandey R. P. (2008): SCS-CN-based Continuous Simulation Model for Hydrologic Forecasting. Water Resources Management, 22, 165-190
Gholami V., Khaleghi M.R. (2013): The impact of vegetation on the bank erosion (case study: The Haraz River). Soil and Water Research, 8: 158–164.
Gholami V., Ahmadi Jolandan M., Torkaman J. (2017): Evaluation of climate change in northern Iran during the last four centuries by using dendroclimatology. Natural Hazards, 85, 1835-1850
Gholami V., Mohseni Saravi M., Ahmadi H. (2010): Effects of impervious surfaces and urban development on runoff generation and flood hazard in the Hajighoshan watershed. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences (CJES), 8: 1–12.
V. Gholami, E. Jokar, M. Azodi, H.A. Zabardast, Bashirgon M. (2009): The Influence of Anthropogenic Activities on Intensifying Runoff Generation and Flood Hazard in Kasilian Watershed. Journal of Applied Sciences, 9, 3723-3730
Gholzom E.H., Gholami V. (2012): A comparison between natural forests and reforested lands in terms of runoff generation potential and hydrologic response (case study: Kasilian watershed). Soil and Water Research, 7: 166–173.
Gupta Vijay K., Waymire Ed, Wang C. T. (1980): A representation of an instantaneous unit hydrograph from geomorphology. Water Resources Research, 16, 855-862
Huang Zhigang, Ouyang Zhiyun, Li Fengrui, Zheng Hua, Wang Xiaoke (2010): Response of runoff and soil loss to reforestation and rainfall type in red soil region of southern China. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 22, 1765-1773
Jain V., Sinha R. (2003): Derivation of unit hydrograph from GIUH analysis for a Himalayan river. Water Resources Man-agement, 17: 355–376.
Jeng Raymond I., Coon Giles C. (2003): True Form of Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph of Linear Reservoirs. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 129, 11-17
Khaleghi M.R., Ghodusi J., Ahmadi H. (2014): Regional analysis using the Geomorphologic Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph (GIUH) method. Soil and Water Research, 9: 25–30.
Khaleghi M.R., Gholami V., Ghodusi J., Hosseini H. (2011): Efficiency of the geomorphologic instantaneous unit hydrograph method in flood hydrograph simulation. CATENA, 87, 163-171
K. W. King , J. C. Balogh (2008): Curve Numbers for Golf Course Watersheds. Transactions of the ASABE, 51, 987-996
Kirkby M.J., Bracken L.J., Shannon J. (2005): The influence of rainfall distribution and morphological factors on runoff delivery from dryland catchments in SE Spain. CATENA, 62, 136-156
Liu S.L., Fu B.J., Lü Y.H., Chen L.D. (): Effects of reforestation and deforestation on soil properties in humid mountainous areas: a case study in Wolong Nature Reserve, Sichuan province, China. Soil Use and Management, 18, 376-380
Lopez V., Napolitano F., Russo F. (2005): Calibration of a rainfall-runoff model using radar and raingauge data. Advances in Geosciences, 2, 41-46
Loukas Athanasios, Quick Michael C., Russell Samuel O. (1996): A physically based stochastic-deterministic procedure for the estimation of flood frequency. Water Resources Management, 10, 415-437
Maheepala U.K, Takyi A.K, Perera B.J.C (2001): Hydrological data monitoring for urban stormwater drainage systems. Journal of Hydrology, 245, 32-47
Maksimovic C., Tucci C.E.M. (2001): Urban Drainage in Specific Climates: Urban Drainage in Humid Tropics. Paris, UNESCO: 227.
Moldan B., Cerny J. (1994): Biochemistry of Small Catchments – a Tool for Environmental Research. Chichester, John Wiley & Sons: 419.
Moretti G., Montanari A. (2008): Inferring the flood frequency distribution for an ungauged basin using a spatially distributed rainfall-runoff model. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 12, 1141-1152
Morgan R.P.C. (2005): Soil Erosion and Conservation. 3rd Ed. Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell: 316.
Nourani Vahid, Singh Vijay P., Delafrouz Hadi (2009): Three geomorphological rainfall–runoff models based on the linear reservoir concept. CATENA, 76, 206-214
Nunes Adélia N., de Almeida António C., Coelho Celeste O.A. (2011): Impacts of land use and cover type on runoff and soil erosion in a marginal area of Portugal. Applied Geography, 31, 687-699
Pappas E.A., Smith D.R., Huang C., Shuster W.D., Bonta J.V. (2008): Impervious surface impacts to runoff and sediment discharge under laboratory rainfall simulation. CATENA, 72, 146-152
Parise M. (2003): Flood history in the karst environment of Castellana-Grotte (Apulia, southern Italy). Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 3, 593-604
Qadir M., Qureshi A.S., Cheraghi S.A.M. (2008): Extent and characterization of salt-affected soils in Iran and strategies for their amelioration and management. Land Degradation & Development, 19: 214–227.
Riley A.L. (1998): Restoring Streams in Cities: A Guide for Planners, Policymakers and Citizens. Washington, D.C., Island Press: 445.
Rodríguez-Iturbe Ignacio, Valdés Juan B. (1979): The geomorphologic structure of hydrologic response. Water Resources Research, 15, 1409-1420
Rodríguez-Iturbe Ignacio, Sanabira Marcelo González, Caamaño Gabriel (1982): On the climatic dependence of the IUH: A rainfall-runoff analysis of the Nash Model and the geomorphoclimatic theory. Water Resources Research, 18, 887-903
Salehi A., Wilhelmsson E., Söderberg U. (2008): Land cover changes in a forested watershed, southern Zagros, Iran. Land Degradation & Development, 19: 542–553.
Seeger M., Ries J.B. (2008): Soil degradation and soil surface process intensities on abandoned fields in Mediterranean mountain environments. Land Degradation & Development, 19: 488–501.
Seifan M. (2009): Long-term effects of anthropogenic activities on semi-arid sand dunes. Journal of Arid Environments, 73, 332-337
Shamseldin A. Y., Nash J. E. (1998): The geomorphological unit hydrograph – a critical review. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 2, 1-8
Singh P.K., Bhunya P.K., Mishra S.K., Chaube U.C. (2008): A sediment graph model based on SCS-CN method. Journal of Hydrology, 349, 244-255
Snyder N.P., Whipple K.X., Tucker G.E., Merritts D.J. (2002): Interactions between onshore bedrock-channel incision and nearshore wave-base erosion forced by eustasy and tectonics. Basin Research, 14, 105-127
Solomon H. (2005): GIS-based Surface Runoff Modeling and Analysis of Contributing Factors: A Case Study of Nam Chun Watershed, Thailand. Enschede, International Institute for Geo-information Science and Earth Observation (ITC): 110.
Soulis K. X., Valiantzas J. D., Dercas N., Londra P. A. (2009): Investigation of the direct runoff generation mechanism for the analysis of the SCS-CN method applicability to a partial area experimental watershed. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 13, 605-615
Stone B.S. (2001): Geospatial database and preliminary flood hydrology model for the Lower Colorado Basin. [MSc Thesis.] Austin, University of Texas at Austin: 173.
Tyagi J.V., Mishra S.K., Singh Ranvir, Singh V.P. (2008): SCS-CN based time-distributed sediment yield model. Journal of Hydrology, 352, 388-403
UNEP (2000): Global Environment Outlook. Paris, United Nations Environment Programme: 12.
Vaes Guido, Willems Patrick, Berlamont Jean (2001): Rainfall input requirements for hydrological calculations. Urban Water, 3, 107-112
Vahabi J., Ghafouri M. (2009): Determination of Runoff Threshold Using Rainfall Simulator in the Southern Alborz Range Foothill-Iran. Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3, 193-201
Wahl N.A., Wöllecke B., Bens O., Hüttl R.F. (2005): Can forest transformation help reducing floods in forested watersheds? Certain aspects on soil hydraulics and organic matter properties. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 30, 611-621
Wang Guang-Te, Chen Shulin (1996): A linear spatially distributed model for a surface rainfall-runoff system. Journal of Hydrology, 185, 183-198
Wang Gangsheng, Xia Jun, Chen Ji (2009): Quantification of effects of climate variations and human activities on runoff by a monthly water balance model: A case study of the Chaobai River basin in northern China. Water Resources Research, 45, -
Wei Wei, Chen Liding, Fu Bojie, Huang Zhilin, Wu Dongping, Gui Lida (2007): The effect of land uses and rainfall regimes on runoff and soil erosion in the semi-arid loess hilly area, China. Journal of Hydrology, 335, 247-258
Yimer F., Messing I., Ledin S., Abdelkadir A. (2008): Effects of different land use types on infiltration capacity in a catchment in the highlands of Ethiopia. Soil Use and Management, 24, 344-349
Yousefi Z., Amouei A.I., Tahmasbizadeh M. (2013): Effect of chemical additives on availability of heavy metals (Pb, Cd and Zn) of soil. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 25: 6496–6498.
Zheng Fenli, He Xiubin, Gao Xuetian, Zhang Chang-e, Tang Keli (2005): Effects of erosion patterns on nutrient loss following deforestation on the Loess Plateau of China. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 108, 85-97
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti