Interception and soil water relation in Norway spruce stands of different age during the contrasting vegetation seasons of 2017 and 2018

https://doi.org/10.17221/135/2018-JFSCitation:Šrámek V., Neudertová Hellebrandová K., Fadrhonsová V. (2019): Interception and soil water relation in Norway spruce stands of different age during the contrasting vegetation seasons of 2017 and 2018. J. For. Sci., 65: 51-60.
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Interception, soil moisture and soil water potential were observed in four Norway spruce stands of different age in two subsequent vegetation seasons 2017 and 2018. Vegetation season 2018 can be characterized as being abnormally hot and dry with only 66% of precipitation in comparison with normal conditions. The interception of spruce increased with the stand age and its dimensions, ranging between 16 and 48% in 2017 and in the majority of stands even increasing in 2018. The soil moisture significantly decreased during the vegetation season 2018, with soil water potential close to the permanent wilting point (–1.5 MPa) for a substantial part of the monitored period. Differences between individual stands were observed in terms of the soil water potential (SWP) development which does not follow the interception patterns suggesting that the stand transpiration is a driving factor responsible for the soil water budget. In all stands, with the exception of the oldest one, the SWP of the upper soil horizon was less than 1.5 MPa for more than 80 days. In such extreme conditions the drought would negatively influence any Norway spruce stand regardless of its age or structure.

References:
Barbier Stéphane, Balandier Philippe, Gosselin Frédéric (2009): Influence of several tree traits on rainfall partitioning in temperate and boreal forests: a review. Annals of Forest Science, 66, 602-602 https://doi.org/10.1051/forest/2009041
 
Braun Sabine, Remund Jan, Rihm Beat (2015): Indikatoren zur Schätzung des Trockenheitsrisikos in Buchen- und Fichtenwäldern. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Forstwesen, 166, 361-371 https://doi.org/10.3188/szf.2015.0361
 
Černohous V., Švihla V., Šach F. (2018): Projevy sucha ve smrkové tyčovině v létě 2015. Zprávy lesnického výzkumu, 63: 10–19.
 
Crhová L., Čekal R., Černá L., Grüsserová P., Kimlová M., Štěpánková B., Vrabec M. (2018): Roční zpráva o hydrometeorologické situaci v České republice 2017. Prague, Český hydrometeorologický ústav: 37.
 
Dohnal Michal, Černý Tomáš, Votrubová Jana, Tesař Miroslav (2014): Rainfall interception and spatial variability of throughfall in spruce stand. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 62, 277-284 https://doi.org/10.2478/johh-2014-0037
 
Gash J.H.C., Wright I.R., Lloyd C.R. (1980): Comparative estimates of interception loss from three coniferous forests in Great Britain. Journal of Hydrology, 48, 89-105 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(80)90068-2
 
Gebhardt Timo, Häberle Karl-Heinz, Matyssek Rainer, Schulz Christoph, Ammer Christian (2014): The more, the better? Water relations of Norway spruce stands after progressive thinning. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 197, 235-243 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.05.013
 
Granier A., Reichstein M., Bréda N., Janssens I.A., Falge E., Ciais P., Grünwald T., Aubinet M., Berbigier P., Bernhofer C., Buchmann N., Facini O., Grassi G., Heinesch B., Ilvesniemi H., Keronen P., Knohl A., Köstner B., Lagergren F., Lindroth A., Longdoz B., Loustau D., Mateus J., Montagnani L., Nys C., Moors E., Papale D., Peiffer M., Pilegaard K., Pita G., Pumpanen J., Rambal S., Rebmann C., Rodrigues A., Seufert G., Tenhunen J., Vesala T., Wang Q. (2007): Evidence for soil water control on carbon and water dynamics in European forests during the extremely dry year: 2003. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 143, 123-145 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.12.004
 
Grelle A, Lundberg A, Lindroth A, Morén A.-S, Cienciala E (1997): Evaporation components of a boreal forest: variations during the growing season. Journal of Hydrology, 197, 70-87 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(96)03267-2
 
Herbst Mathias, Rosier Paul T.W., McNeil David D., Harding Richard J., Gowing David J. (2008): Seasonal variability of interception evaporation from the canopy of a mixed deciduous forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148, 1655-1667 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.05.011
 
Holuša J., Liška J. (2002): Hypotéza chřadnutí a odumírání smrkových porostů ve Slezsku (Česká republika). Zprávy lesnického výzkumu, 47: 9–15.
 
Holuša Jaroslav, Lubojacký Jan, Čurn Vladislav, Tonka Tomáš, Lukášová Karolina, Horák Jakub (2018): Combined effects of drought stress and Armillaria infection on tree mortality in Norway spruce plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 427, 434-445 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2018.01.031
 
Johnson R.C. (1990): The interception, throughfall and stemflow in a forest in Highland Scotland and the comparison with other upland forests in the U.K.. Journal of Hydrology, 118, 281-287 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(90)90263-W
 
Keim Richard F., Link Timothy E. (2018): Linked spatial variability of throughfall amount and intensity during rainfall in a coniferous forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 248, 15-21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.09.006
 
Krečmer V. (1968): K intercepci srážek ve středohorské smrčině. Opera Contortica, 5: 83–96.
 
Lochman V., Fadrhonsová V., Bíba M. (2005): Water chemistry development of surface sources in the Želivka area with regard to air pollution load and management in the catchment. Communicationes Instituti Forestalis Bohemicae, 21: 53–74.
 
Jozef Minďaš, Martin Bartík, Jana Škvareninová, Richard Repiský (2018): Functional effects of forest ecosystems on water cycle – Slovakia case study. Journal of Forest Science, 64, 331-339 https://doi.org/10.17221/46/2018-JFS
 
Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic (2017): Zpráva o stavu lesa a lesního hospodářství České republiky v roce 2016. Prague, Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic: 128.
 
Ozolinčius Remigijus, Stakėnas Vidas, Varnagirytė-Kabašinskienė Iveta, Buožytė Rasa (2009): Artificial Drought in Scots Pine Stands: Effects on Soil, Ground Vegetation and Tree Condition. Annales Botanici Fennici, 46, 299-307 https://doi.org/10.5735/085.046.0406
 
Rötzer T., Häberle K. H., Kallenbach C., Matyssek R., Schütze G., Pretzsch H. (2017): Tree species and size drive water consumption of beech/spruce forests - a simulation study highlighting growth under water limitation. Plant and Soil, 418, 337-356 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-017-3306-x
 
Rutter A. J., Morton A. J., Robins P. C. (1975): A Predictive Model of Rainfall Interception in Forests. II. Generalization of the Model and Comparison with Observations in Some Coniferous and Hardwood Stands. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 12, 367- https://doi.org/10.2307/2401739
 
Schwärzel Kai, Menzer Alexander, Clausnitzer Falko, Spank Uwe, Häntzschel Janet, Grünwald Thomas, Köstner Barbara, Bernhofer Christian, Feger Karl-Heinz (2009): Soil water content measurements deliver reliable estimates of water fluxes: A comparative study in a beech and a spruce stand in the Tharandt forest (Saxony, Germany). Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149, 1994-2006 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2009.07.006
 
Seidl Rupert, Müller Jörg, Hothorn Torsten, Bässler Claus, Heurich Marco, Kautz Markus, Kaplan Ian (2016): Small beetle, large-scale drivers: how regional and landscape factors affect outbreaks of the European spruce bark beetle. Journal of Applied Ecology, 53, 530-540 https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12540
 
Seidling Walter (2007): Signals of summer drought in crown condition data from the German Level I network. European Journal of Forest Research, 126, 529-544 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-007-0174-6
 
Šrámek V., Neudertová Hellebrandová K. (2016): Mapy ohrožení smrkových porostů suchem jako nástroj identifikace rizikových oblastí. Zprávy lesnického výzkumu, 61: 305–309.
 
Šrámek V., Vejpustková M., Novotný R., Hellebrandová K. (2008): Yellowing of Norway spruce stands in the Silesian Beskids – damage extent and dynamics. Journal of Forest Science, 54, 55-63 https://doi.org/10.17221/795-JFS
 
Šrámek V., Vejpustková M., Buriánek V., Fabiánek P., Fadrhonsová V. (2016): Projevy sucha 2015 na plochách monitoringu zdravotního stavu lesů ICP Forests. In: Knížek M. (ed.): Škodliví činitelé v lesích Česka 2015/2016 – vliv sucha na stav lesních porostů. Sborník referátů z celostátního semináře s mezinárodní účastí, Průhonice, Apr 14, 2016: 47–50.
 
Staelens Jeroen, De Schrijver An, Verheyen Kris, Verhoest Niko E. C. (2008): Rainfall partitioning into throughfall, stemflow, and interception within a single beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) canopy: influence of foliation, rain event characteristics, and meteorology. Hydrological Processes, 22, 33-45 https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.6610
 
Teklehaimanot Z., Jarvis P. G. (1991): Direct Measurement of Evaporation of Intercepted Water from Forest Canopies. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 28, 603- https://doi.org/10.2307/2404571
 
Temperli Christian, Bugmann Harald, Elkin Ché (2012): Adaptive management for competing forest goods and services under climate change. Ecological Applications, 22, 2065-2077 https://doi.org/10.1890/12-0210.1
 
Tolasz R., Čekal R., Škáchová H., Vlasáková L. (2019): Rok 2018 v Česku. Available at http://www.infomet.cz/index.php?id=read&idd=1547039890
 
Tumajer Jan, Altman Jan, Štěpánek Petr, Treml Václav, Doležal Jiří, Cienciala Emil (2017): Increasing moisture limitation of Norway spruce in Central Europe revealed by forward modelling of tree growth in tree-ring network. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 247, 56-64 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.07.015
 
van Dijk Albert I.J.M., Gash John H., van Gorsel Eva, Blanken Peter D., Cescatti Alessandro, Emmel Carmen, Gielen Bert, Harman Ian N., Kiely Gerard, Merbold Lutz, Montagnani Leonardo, Moors Eddy, Sottocornola Matteo, Varlagin Andrej, Williams Christopher A., Wohlfahrt Georg (2015): Rainfall interception and the coupled surface water and energy balance. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 214-215, 402-415 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.09.006
 
Vose James M., Miniat Chelcy Ford, Luce Charles H., Asbjornsen Heidi, Caldwell Peter V., Campbell John L., Grant Gordon E., Isaak Daniel J., Loheide Steven P., Sun Ge (2016): Ecohydrological implications of drought for forests in the United States. Forest Ecology and Management, 380, 335-345 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.03.025
 
Waring R.H., Running S.W. (2007): Water cycle. In: Forest Ecosystems: Analysis at Multiple Scales. 3rd Ed. London, Academic Press: 19–57.
 
Barbier Stéphane, Balandier Philippe, Gosselin Frédéric (2009): Influence of several tree traits on rainfall partitioning in temperate and boreal forests: a review. Annals of Forest Science, 66, 602-602 https://doi.org/10.1051/forest/2009041
 
Braun Sabine, Remund Jan, Rihm Beat (2015): Indikatoren zur Schätzung des Trockenheitsrisikos in Buchen- und Fichtenwäldern. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Forstwesen, 166, 361-371 https://doi.org/10.3188/szf.2015.0361
 
Černohous V., Švihla V., Šach F. (2018): Projevy sucha ve smrkové tyčovině v létě 2015. Zprávy lesnického výzkumu, 63: 10–19.
 
Crhová L., Čekal R., Černá L., Grüsserová P., Kimlová M., Štěpánková B., Vrabec M. (2018): Roční zpráva o hydrometeorologické situaci v České republice 2017. Prague, Český hydrometeorologický ústav: 37.
 
Dohnal Michal, Černý Tomáš, Votrubová Jana, Tesař Miroslav (2014): Rainfall interception and spatial variability of throughfall in spruce stand. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 62, 277-284 https://doi.org/10.2478/johh-2014-0037
 
Gash J.H.C., Wright I.R., Lloyd C.R. (1980): Comparative estimates of interception loss from three coniferous forests in Great Britain. Journal of Hydrology, 48, 89-105 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(80)90068-2
 
Gebhardt Timo, Häberle Karl-Heinz, Matyssek Rainer, Schulz Christoph, Ammer Christian (2014): The more, the better? Water relations of Norway spruce stands after progressive thinning. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 197, 235-243 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.05.013
 
Granier A., Reichstein M., Bréda N., Janssens I.A., Falge E., Ciais P., Grünwald T., Aubinet M., Berbigier P., Bernhofer C., Buchmann N., Facini O., Grassi G., Heinesch B., Ilvesniemi H., Keronen P., Knohl A., Köstner B., Lagergren F., Lindroth A., Longdoz B., Loustau D., Mateus J., Montagnani L., Nys C., Moors E., Papale D., Peiffer M., Pilegaard K., Pita G., Pumpanen J., Rambal S., Rebmann C., Rodrigues A., Seufert G., Tenhunen J., Vesala T., Wang Q. (2007): Evidence for soil water control on carbon and water dynamics in European forests during the extremely dry year: 2003. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 143, 123-145 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.12.004
 
Grelle A, Lundberg A, Lindroth A, Morén A.-S, Cienciala E (1997): Evaporation components of a boreal forest: variations during the growing season. Journal of Hydrology, 197, 70-87 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(96)03267-2
 
Herbst Mathias, Rosier Paul T.W., McNeil David D., Harding Richard J., Gowing David J. (2008): Seasonal variability of interception evaporation from the canopy of a mixed deciduous forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148, 1655-1667 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.05.011
 
Holuša J., Liška J. (2002): Hypotéza chřadnutí a odumírání smrkových porostů ve Slezsku (Česká republika). Zprávy lesnického výzkumu, 47: 9–15.
 
Holuša Jaroslav, Lubojacký Jan, Čurn Vladislav, Tonka Tomáš, Lukášová Karolina, Horák Jakub (2018): Combined effects of drought stress and Armillaria infection on tree mortality in Norway spruce plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 427, 434-445 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2018.01.031
 
Johnson R.C. (1990): The interception, throughfall and stemflow in a forest in Highland Scotland and the comparison with other upland forests in the U.K.. Journal of Hydrology, 118, 281-287 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(90)90263-W
 
Keim Richard F., Link Timothy E. (2018): Linked spatial variability of throughfall amount and intensity during rainfall in a coniferous forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 248, 15-21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.09.006
 
Krečmer V. (1968): K intercepci srážek ve středohorské smrčině. Opera Contortica, 5: 83–96.
 
Lochman V., Fadrhonsová V., Bíba M. (2005): Water chemistry development of surface sources in the Želivka area with regard to air pollution load and management in the catchment. Communicationes Instituti Forestalis Bohemicae, 21: 53–74.
 
Jozef Minďaš, Martin Bartík, Jana Škvareninová, Richard Repiský (2018): Functional effects of forest ecosystems on water cycle – Slovakia case study. Journal of Forest Science, 64, 331-339 https://doi.org/10.17221/46/2018-JFS
 
Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic (2017): Zpráva o stavu lesa a lesního hospodářství České republiky v roce 2016. Prague, Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic: 128.
 
Ozolinčius Remigijus, Stakėnas Vidas, Varnagirytė-Kabašinskienė Iveta, Buožytė Rasa (2009): Artificial Drought in Scots Pine Stands: Effects on Soil, Ground Vegetation and Tree Condition. Annales Botanici Fennici, 46, 299-307 https://doi.org/10.5735/085.046.0406
 
Rötzer T., Häberle K. H., Kallenbach C., Matyssek R., Schütze G., Pretzsch H. (2017): Tree species and size drive water consumption of beech/spruce forests - a simulation study highlighting growth under water limitation. Plant and Soil, 418, 337-356 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-017-3306-x
 
Rutter A. J., Morton A. J., Robins P. C. (1975): A Predictive Model of Rainfall Interception in Forests. II. Generalization of the Model and Comparison with Observations in Some Coniferous and Hardwood Stands. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 12, 367- https://doi.org/10.2307/2401739
 
Schwärzel Kai, Menzer Alexander, Clausnitzer Falko, Spank Uwe, Häntzschel Janet, Grünwald Thomas, Köstner Barbara, Bernhofer Christian, Feger Karl-Heinz (2009): Soil water content measurements deliver reliable estimates of water fluxes: A comparative study in a beech and a spruce stand in the Tharandt forest (Saxony, Germany). Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149, 1994-2006 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2009.07.006
 
Seidl Rupert, Müller Jörg, Hothorn Torsten, Bässler Claus, Heurich Marco, Kautz Markus, Kaplan Ian (2016): Small beetle, large-scale drivers: how regional and landscape factors affect outbreaks of the European spruce bark beetle. Journal of Applied Ecology, 53, 530-540 https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12540
 
Seidling Walter (2007): Signals of summer drought in crown condition data from the German Level I network. European Journal of Forest Research, 126, 529-544 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-007-0174-6
 
Šrámek V., Neudertová Hellebrandová K. (2016): Mapy ohrožení smrkových porostů suchem jako nástroj identifikace rizikových oblastí. Zprávy lesnického výzkumu, 61: 305–309.
 
Šrámek V., Vejpustková M., Novotný R., Hellebrandová K. (2008): Yellowing of Norway spruce stands in the Silesian Beskids – damage extent and dynamics. Journal of Forest Science, 54, 55-63 https://doi.org/10.17221/795-JFS
 
Šrámek V., Vejpustková M., Buriánek V., Fabiánek P., Fadrhonsová V. (2016): Projevy sucha 2015 na plochách monitoringu zdravotního stavu lesů ICP Forests. In: Knížek M. (ed.): Škodliví činitelé v lesích Česka 2015/2016 – vliv sucha na stav lesních porostů. Sborník referátů z celostátního semináře s mezinárodní účastí, Průhonice, Apr 14, 2016: 47–50.
 
Staelens Jeroen, De Schrijver An, Verheyen Kris, Verhoest Niko E. C. (2008): Rainfall partitioning into throughfall, stemflow, and interception within a single beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) canopy: influence of foliation, rain event characteristics, and meteorology. Hydrological Processes, 22, 33-45 https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.6610
 
Teklehaimanot Z., Jarvis P. G. (1991): Direct Measurement of Evaporation of Intercepted Water from Forest Canopies. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 28, 603- https://doi.org/10.2307/2404571
 
Temperli Christian, Bugmann Harald, Elkin Ché (2012): Adaptive management for competing forest goods and services under climate change. Ecological Applications, 22, 2065-2077 https://doi.org/10.1890/12-0210.1
 
Tolasz R., Čekal R., Škáchová H., Vlasáková L. (2019): Rok 2018 v Česku. Available at http://www.infomet.cz/index.php?id=read&idd=1547039890
 
Tumajer Jan, Altman Jan, Štěpánek Petr, Treml Václav, Doležal Jiří, Cienciala Emil (2017): Increasing moisture limitation of Norway spruce in Central Europe revealed by forward modelling of tree growth in tree-ring network. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 247, 56-64 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.07.015
 
van Dijk Albert I.J.M., Gash John H., van Gorsel Eva, Blanken Peter D., Cescatti Alessandro, Emmel Carmen, Gielen Bert, Harman Ian N., Kiely Gerard, Merbold Lutz, Montagnani Leonardo, Moors Eddy, Sottocornola Matteo, Varlagin Andrej, Williams Christopher A., Wohlfahrt Georg (2015): Rainfall interception and the coupled surface water and energy balance. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 214-215, 402-415 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.09.006
 
Vose James M., Miniat Chelcy Ford, Luce Charles H., Asbjornsen Heidi, Caldwell Peter V., Campbell John L., Grant Gordon E., Isaak Daniel J., Loheide Steven P., Sun Ge (2016): Ecohydrological implications of drought for forests in the United States. Forest Ecology and Management, 380, 335-345 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.03.025
 
Waring R.H., Running S.W. (2007): Water cycle. In: Forest Ecosystems: Analysis at Multiple Scales. 3rd Ed. London, Academic Press: 19–57.
 
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