Reducing erosion from forest roads and skid trails by management practices
M. Akbarimehr, R. Naghdihttps://doi.org/10.17221/136/2010-JFSCitation:Akbarimehr M., Naghdi R. (2012): Reducing erosion from forest roads and skid trails by management practices. J. For. Sci., 58: 165-169.
A road network in forest lands provides easy access to forest resources for extraction, regeneration, protection and recreation activities. Erosion from forest roads and skid trails is a major concern in forest management due to the capability to cause adverse environmental effects. The objective of this paper is to introduce two methods for reducing erosion on forest roads and skid trails: water diversion and vegetation cover. Factors affecting erosion on forest roads and skid trails are climate, quality of forest road surfacing material, traffic, slope and vegetation cover. There are several management practices to mitigate the impact of logging and forest road and skid trail construction on stream water quality. Sediments delivered to streams from roads and skid trails lead to a number of dramatic effects on water quality and aquatic life. These management practices were found to be effective in controlling and reducing the runoff volume and soil erosion. Therefore, management and maintenance of forest roads and skid trails are essential elements to mitigate erosion.Keywords:
water diversion; vegetation cover; erosion; skid trails; management practices; sediment delivery; environmental effects; stream water