Analysis of biomass in young Scots pine stands as a basis for sustainable forest management in Czech lowlands

https://doi.org/10.17221/136/2017-JFSCitation:Novák J., Dušek D., Kacálek D., Slodičák M. (2017): Analysis of biomass in young Scots pine stands as a basis for sustainable forest management in Czech lowlands. J. For. Sci., 63: 555-561.
download PDF
Scots pine covers large areas on sandy soils in lowlands of the Czech Republic. These sites can be threatened by non-sustainable biomass removal after clear-cutting. Totally 14 young pine stands at 14–26 years of age were analysed. Particular biomass components were separated, weighed and analysed to investigate their biomass and nutrient contents such as N, P, K, Ca and Mg. Results showed that leaving slash (needles and branches) plus belowground biomass (stumps and coarse roots) on the site represents 51% of calcium, 62% of magnesium, 74% of nitrogen, 67% of phosphorus and 72% of potassium. The total nutrient pools (without fine roots) were 171–377 kg·ha–1 for nitrogen, 34–72 kg·ha–1 for phosphorus, 74–172 kg·ha–1 for potassium, 82–180 kg·ha–1 for calcium and 19–42 kg·ha–1 for magnesium. Needles and live branches are the most important pools of nutrients and the extraction of these parts of biomass can negatively affect the nutrient balance of forest stands on nutrient-poor sites. Stumps with coarse and fine roots also represent a significant pool of nutrients which is left on the studied sites.
References:
Bílek L., Remeš J., Fulín M., Chalupová T., Procházka J. (2016): Množství a distribuce nadzemní biomasy borovice lesní v oblasti přirozených borů. Zprávy lesnického výzkumu, 61: 108–114.
 
Chroust L. (1997): Ekologie výchovy lesních porostů: smrk obecný, borovice lesní, dub letní: porostní prostředí, růst stromů, produkce porostu. Opočno, Výzkumný ústav lesního hospodářství a myslivosti, Výzkumná stanice Opočno: 277.
 
Cienciala E., Černý M., Tatarinov F., Apltauer J., Exnerová Z. (2006): Biomass functions applicable to Scots pine. Trees, 20, 483-495  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-006-0064-4
 
de Jong J., Akselsson C., Egnell G., Löfgren S., Olsson B.A. (2017): Realizing the energy potential of forest biomass in Sweden – How much is environmentally sustainable? Forest Ecology and Management, 383: 3–16.
 
Egnell Gustaf (2016): Effects of slash and stump harvesting after final felling on stand and site productivity in Scots pine and Norway spruce. Forest Ecology and Management, 371, 42-49  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.03.006
 
Egnell Gustaf, Ulvcrona Kristina Ahnlund (2015): Stand productivity following whole-tree harvesting in early thinning of Scots pine stands in Sweden. Forest Ecology and Management, 340, 40-45  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2014.12.017
 
Fernandez-Lacruz Raul, Di Fulvio Fulvio, Athanassiadis Dimitris, Bergström Dan, Nordfjell Tomas (2015): Characteristics of unthinned biomass-dense forests in Sweden and their location in relation to industry. Silva Fennica, 49, -  https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.1377
 
Hellsten Sofie, Helmisaari Heljä-Sisko, Melin Ylva, Skovsgaard Jens Peter, Kaakinen Seija, Kukkola Mikko, Saarsalmi Anna, Petersson Hans, Akselsson Cecilia (2013): Nutrient concentrations in stumps and coarse roots of Norway spruce, Scots pine and silver birch in Sweden, Finland and Denmark. Forest Ecology and Management, 290, 40-48  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.09.017
 
Huss J. (1999): Auswirkungen unterschiedlicher Ausgangspflanzdichten und frühzeitiger Pflegeeingriffe bei jungen Kiefern. Forst und Holz, 54: 335–340.
 
Knust Christine, Schua Karoline, Feger Karl-Heinz (2016): Estimation of Nutrient Exports Resulting from Thinning and Intensive Biomass Extraction in Medium-Aged Spruce and Pine Stands in Saxony, Northeast Germany. Forests, 7, 302-  https://doi.org/10.3390/f7120302
 
Macháček V., Malát M. (1982): The rectraction-spectrophotometric determination of phosphorus in plant material. Rostlinná výroba, 28: 221–224.
 
Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic (2016): Information on forests and forestry in the Czech Republic by 2015. Available at http://eagri.cz/public/web/file/511590/Information_Czech_Forestry_2015_14122016.pdf (accessed Oct 8, 2017).
 
Novozamsky I., Houba V.J.G., van Eck R., van Vark W. (2008): A novel digestion technique for multi‐element plant analysis. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 14, 239-248  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103628309367359
 
Palviainen M., Finér L., Kurka A.-M., Mannerkoski H., Piirainen S., Starr M. (2004): Decomposition and nutrient release from logging residues after clear-cutting of mixed boreal forest. Plant and Soil, 263, 53-67  https://doi.org/10.1023/B:PLSO.0000047718.34805.fb
 
Palviainen M., Finér L., Laiho R., Shorohova E., Kapitsa E., Vanha-Majamaa I. (2010a): Carbon and nitrogen release from decomposing Scots pine, Norway spruce and silver birch stumps. Forest Ecology and Management, 259: 390–398.
 
Palviainen M., Finér L., Laiho R., Shorohova E., Kapitsa E., Vanha-Majamaa I. (2010b): Phosphorus and base cation accumulation and release patterns in decomposing Scots pine, Norway spruce and silver birch stumps. Forest Ecology and Management, 260: 1478–1489.
 
Pařez J., Chroust L. (1988): Modely výchovy lesních porostů. Lesnický průvodce 4/1988. Jíloviště-Strnady, Výzkumný ústav lesního hospodářství a myslivosti: 83.
 
Peřina V. (1960): Přeměny borových monokultur na plístocenních terasách. Prague, SZN: 210.
 
Pirogowicz T. (1983): Wplyw trzebiezy na produkcyjnosc i strukture drzewostanow sosnowych na pzykladzie stalych powierzchni doswiadczalnych polozonych w nadlesnictwach Ruciane, Krutyn i Ryjewo. Prace Instytutu Badawczego Lesnictwa, 621–625: 3–38.
 
Prescott C. E. (2002): The influence of the forest canopy on nutrient cycling. Tree Physiology, 22, 1193-1200  https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/22.15-16.1193
 
Ramakrishna T.V., Robinson J.W., West Philip W. (1966): The determination of calcium and magnesium by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Analytica Chimica Acta, 36, 57-64  https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2670(66)80006-5
 
Remeš J., Bílek L., Jahoda M. (2016): Vliv přípravy půdy a hnojení dřevěným popelem na růst sazenic borovice lesní. Zprávy lesnického výzkumu, 61: 197–202.
 
Remiš J. (1973): Výchova borovicových porastov. Bratislava, MLVH SSR, Zvolen, VÚLH: 120.
 
Repola Jaakko, Ahnlund Ulvcrona Kristina (2014): Modelling biomass of young and dense Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) dominated mixed forests in northern Sweden. Silva Fennica, 48, -  https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.1190
 
Saarsalmi Anna, Tamminen Pekka, Kukkola Mikko, Hautajärvi Reijo (2010): Whole-tree harvesting at clear-felling: Impact on soil chemistry, needle nutrient concentrations and growth of Scots pine. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 25, 148-156  https://doi.org/10.1080/02827581003667314
 
Sariyildiz Temel (2008): Effects of tree canopy on litter decomposition rates of Abies nordmanniana , Picea orientalis and Pinus sylvestris. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 23, 330-338  https://doi.org/10.1080/02827580802275816
 
Slodičák M., Novák J. (2007): Výchova lesních porostů hlavních hospodářských dřevin: recenzované metodiky. Lesnický průvodce 4/2007. Strnady, Výzkumný ústav lesního hospodářství a myslivosti: 46.
 
Slodicak Marian, Novak Jiri, Dusek David (2011): Canopy reduction as a possible measure for adaptation of young Scots pine stand to insufficient precipitation in Central Europe. Forest Ecology and Management, 262, 1913-1918  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2011.02.016
 
Šrámek V., Lomský B., Novotný R. (2009): Hodnocení obsahu a zásoby živin v lesních porostech – literární přehled. Zprávy lesnického výzkumu, 54: 307–315.
 
Urban J., Čermák J., Ceulemans R. (2015): Above- and below-ground biomass, surface and volume, and stored water in a mature Scots pine stand. European Journal of Forest Research, 134, 61-74  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-014-0833-3
 
Vanninen Petteri, Ylitalo Hanna, Sievänen Risto, Mäkelä Annikki (1996): Effects of age and site quality on the distribution of biomass in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Trees, 10, 231-238  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02185674
 
Waldherr M. (1996): Die Pflege der Kiefernstände in der Oberpfalz. Forst und Holz, 51: 462–466.
 
Węgiel Andrzej, Małek Stanisław, Bielinis Ernest, Grebner Donald L., Polowy Krzysztof, Skonieczna Joanna (2017): Determination of elements removal in different harvesting scenarios of Scots pine ( Pinus sylvestris L.) stands. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, , 1-10  https://doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2017.1352019
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti