Honfy V., Ábri T., Juházs L., Rásó J., Keserű Z., Rédei K. (2021): A simplified method for application of natural regeneration in black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) stands in Hungary. J. For. Sci., 67: 66−70.
Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) is one of the most important forest tree species in Hungary, covering approximately 24% of the forest land and providing 25% of the annual timber supply. One third of these black locust stands are high forests (planted with seedlings) and the remaining stands are coppices. An auxiliary table was developed for planning the black locust natural regeneration in order to determine the sprouting criteria based on stand volume at the final cutting age. Twenty forest subcompartments were selected for investigating the possibility of black locust regeneration by root suckers. The basic yield and stand structure factors were determined using the numerical yield table for black locust stands. The results show that the regeneration of black locust stands from root suckers can be recommended on good and medium quality sites without a decrease in yield or stem quality. Black locust stands of good and medium quality (yield classes I, II, III and IV) may be regenerated from suckers in general until their growing stock attains and if their health is adequate. The simplicity of the practice-oriented auxiliary table based on the black locust yield table may further the development of management and wood utilization of the species.
exotic tree species; coppice; regeneration
Bîrlănescu E., Belu C. (1968): Culture of black locust, focusing on black locust culture in Oltenia. In: Bakoș V. (eds.): Culture of Fast Growing Tree Species. Bucharest, Editura agrosilvică: 332–346. (in Romanian)
Borde B. (2011): Black Locust in Bourgogne. Chalons sur Saône, Centre Régional de la Propriété Forestière de Bourgogne: 19. (in French)
Laar A., Akça A. (2007): Forest Mensuration. City, Springer: 377.
Little K.M., Gardner R. (2003): Coppicing ability of 20 Eucalyptus species grown at two high altitude sites in South Africa. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33: 181–189. https://doi.org/10.1139/x02-170
Magagnotti N., Schweier J. (eds.) (2017): Coppice products. COST Action FP 1301 Reports. Freiburg, Albert Ludwig University, Freiburg Printing Press: 9.
Matula R., Svátek M., Kůrová J., Úradniček L., Kadavý J., Kneifl M. (2012): The sprouting ability of the main tree species in Central European coppices: implications for coppice restoration. European Journal of Forest Research, 131: 1510–1511. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-012-0618-5
Negulescu E.G. (1959): Regime şi tratamente. In: Negulescu E.G., Ciumac G.H. (eds): Silvicultura. Bucureşti, Editura Agro-Silvică de Stat: 598–773. (in Romanian)
Nicolescu V.N, Hernea C., Bakti B., Keserü Zs., Antal B., Rédei K. (2018): Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) as a multi-purpose tree species in Hungary and Romania: a review. Journal of Forestry Research, 29: 1449–1463. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11676-018-0626-5
Rădulescu M. (1956): În problema refacerii pădurilor degradate. Revista pădurilor, 11: 744–747. (in Romanian)
Rédei K. (1984): Akácosok fatermése. FRI Report, Kecskemét, Forest Research Institute: 35. (in Hungarian)
Rédei K. (2013a): Stand establishment. In: Rédei K. (eds.): Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) Growing in Hungary. Sárvár, Hungarian Forest Research Institute: 27–34.
Rédei K. (2013b): Tending and yield of black locust stands. In: Rédei K. (eds.): Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) Growing in Hungary. Sárvár, Hungarian Forest Research Institute: 35–46.
Rédei K., Osvath-Bujtas Z., Veperdi I. (2008): Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) Improvement in Hungary: a Review. Acta Silvatica and Lignaria Hungarica, 4: 127–132.
Rédei K., Csiha I., Keserű Zs., Gál J. (2012): Influence of regeneration methods on the yield of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) stands: A case study. Acta Silvatica and Lignaria Hungarica, 8: 103–111. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10303-012-0008-1
Robinson K.M., Karp A., Taylor G. (2004): Defining leaf traits linked to yield in short-rotation coppice Salix. Biomass Bioenergy, 26: 417–431. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2003.08.012
Rosenqvist H., Dawson M. (2005): Economics of using wastewater irrigation of willow in Northern Ireland. Biomass Bioenergy, 29: 83–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2005.04.001
Stajic B., Zlatanov T., Velichkov I., Dubravac T., Trajkov P. (2009): Past and recent coppice forest management in some regions of south eastern Europe. Silva Balcanica, 10: 9–19.
Wojda T., Klisz M., Jastrzębowski S., Mionskowski M., Szyp-Borowka I., Szczygieł K. (2015): The geographical distribution of the black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in Poland and its role in non-forest land. Papers on Global Change-IGBP, 22: 101–113. https://doi.org/10.1515/igbp-2015-0018